The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THOMISIDAE

Gen. Tmarus Simon, 1875 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02780]

N.B.: Silva-Moreira, 2010: 65 considered the generic name Martus Mello-Leitão, 1943 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02695] to be merely a nomen nudum, representing a lapsus for Tmarus; this seems unlikely but in any case its type species, M. albolineatus, was transferred to Tmarus (and replaced, since it is a junior homonym here).

Transferred to other genera:
T. gongi Yin et al., 2004 -- see Philodamia.
T. pachpediensis Tikader, 1980 -- see Monaeses.

In synonymy:
T. amoenus Kishida, 1931 = T. piger (Walckenaer, 1802) (Ono, 1977: 69).
T. bonneti Lessert, 1943 = T. cameliformis Millot, 1942 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1985: 118).
T. hanrasanensis Paik, 1973 = T. horvathi Kulczyn'ski, 1895 (Logunov & Marusik, 1990: 135).
T. lapidarius (Lucas, 1846) = T. piger (Walckenaer, 1802) (Urones, 1996: 33).
T. lesserti Lawrence, 1942 = T. planetarius Simon, 1903 (Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1985: 125).
T. pauliani Millot, 1941 = T. planetarius Simon, 1903 (Comellini, 1955: 124).
T. piochardi judaorum Strand, 1915 = T. piochardi (Simon, 1866) (Levy, 1973: 116).
T. polonicus (Taczanowski, 1867, T from Xysticus) = T. piger (Walckenaer, 1802) (Prószyn'ski & Starega, 1971: 248).
T. semicretaceus Simon, 1907 = T. cancellatus Thorell, 1899 (Comellini, 1955: 119).

Homonyms replaced:
T. albolineatus (Mello-Leitão, 1943) -- see T. baptistai.
T. hirsutus Comellini, 1955 -- see T. comellinii.

Nomen dubium:
T. crucifer Lawrence, 1927: 34 (j, Namibia) -- Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1985: 127.

f aberrans Mello-Leitão, 1944....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031545]
T. a. Mello-Leitão, 1944a: 10 (Df).

m aculeatus Chickering, 1950....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031546]
T. a. Chickering, 1950b: 217, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dm).

mf africanus Lessert, 1919....................Tanzania, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031547]
T. a. Lessert, 1919: 111, f. 7-8 (Dm).
T. a. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1985: 121, f. 5a-f (m, Df).

f albidus (L. Koch, 1876)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031548]
Monaeses a. L. Koch, 1876a: 778, pl. 68, f. 3 (Df).
T. a. Rainbow, 1911: 211.

mf albifrons Piza, 1944....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031549]
T. a. Piza, 1944: 267, f. 4 (Dmf).

f albisterni Mello-Leitão, 1942....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031550]
T. a. Mello-Leitão, 1942b: 410, f. 36 (Df).

mf albolineatus Keyserling, 1880....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031551]
T. a. Keyserling, 1880: 159, pl. 3, f. 87 (Df).
T. a. Garcia-Neto, 1991: 2, f. 1-5 (f, Dm).

f alticola Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031552]
T. a. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 165, f. 56 (Df).

mf amazonicus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031553]
T. a. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 158, f. 70-71 (Dmf).

f ampullatus Soares, 1943....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031554]
T. a. Soares, 1943a: 6, f. 5-7 (Df).

mf angulatus (Walckenaer, 1837)....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031555]
Thomisus a. Walckenaer, 1837: 537 (Df).
Philodromus inquisitor Walckenaer, 1837: 553 (Df).
Thomisus caudatus Hentz, 1847: 447, pl. 23, f. 9 (Df).
T. caudatus Keyserling, 1880: 154, pl. 3, f. 84 (f).
T. magniceps Keyserling, 1880: 156, pl. 3, f. 85 (Dm).
T. caudatus Emerton, 1892: 376, pl. 32, f. 3 (mf).
T. a. Simon, 1895a: 993.
T. caudatus Emerton, 1902: 38, f. 112-113 (f).
T. a. Comstock, 1912: 525, f. 572-574.
T. a. Gertsch, 1939b: 305, f. 11, 21-22, 25 (mf).
T. a. Comstock, 1940: 538, f. 574 (m).
T. a. Chickering, 1940a: 201, f. 22-24 (mf).
T. a. Kaston, 1948: 416, f. 1488, 1508-1511 (mf).
T. a. Schick, 1965: 137, f. 197-199 (mf).
T. a. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 127, f. 412, 423-426 (mf).
T. a. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 230, f. 2582-2585 (mf).
T. a. Jiménez & Palacios-Cardiel, 2012a: 652, f. 1g (m).

f angulifer Simon, 1895....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031556]
Monaeses angulatus L. Koch, 1874a: 523, pl. 40, f. 1 (Df; preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1837 sub Thomisus).
T. a. Simon, 1895a: 993 (replacement name).
T. angulosus Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 313 (superfluous replacement name).

f aporus Soares & Camargo, 1948....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031557]
T. a. Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 385, f. 43 (Df).

f atypicus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031558]
T. a. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 143, f. 7 (Df).

f australis Mello-Leitão, 1941....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031559]
T. a. Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 164, pl. 9, f. 42 (Df).

m baptistai Silva-Moreira, 2010....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043121]
Martus albolineatus Mello-Leitão, 1943e: 171 (Dm, preoccupied in Tmarus) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:030516].
T. b. Silva-Moreira, 2010: 65 (replacement name).

m bedoti Lessert, 1928....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031560]
T. b. Lessert, 1928: 311, f. 6 (Dm).
T. b. Comellini, 1955: 119, f. 1 (m).

m berlandi Lessert, 1928....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031561]
T. b. Lessert, 1928: 313, f. 7 (Dm).

f bifasciatus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031562]
T. b. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 141, f. 57 (Df).

m bifidipalpus Mello-Leitão, 1943....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031563]
T. b. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 211 (Dm).

f biocellatus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031564]
T. b. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 170 (Df).

f bisectus Piza, 1944....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031565]
T. b. Piza, 1944: 270, f. 5 (Df).

m borgmeyeri Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031566]
T. b. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 146, f. 8 (Dm, spelled borgmeieri in heading, but as above in key and legends, and name is a patronym for Borgmeyer).

f bucculentus Chickering, 1950....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031567]
T. b. Chickering, 1950b: 220, pl. 1, f. 2 (Df).

mf byssinus Tang & Li, 2009....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042701]
T. b. Tang & Li, 2009b: 49, f. 1A-D, 2A-C, 3A-D (Dmf).

mf caeruleus Keyserling, 1880....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031568]
T. c. Keyserling, 1880: 148, pl. 3, f. 80 (Df).
T. coeruleus Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 144, f. 58 (f, Dm).

mf cameliformis Millot, 1942....................Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031569]
T. c. Millot, 1942: 13, f. 6E-G (Df).
T. bonneti Lessert, 1943: 316, f. 14 (Dm).
T. bonneti Comellini, 1955: 119, f. 2 (Df).
T. c. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1985: 118, f. 4a-h (mf, S).

mf camellinus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031570]
T. c. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 151, f. 63-64, 66 (Dmf).

m cancellatus Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon, Bioko [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031571]
T. c. Thorell, 1899: 71 (Dm).
T. semicretaceus Simon, 1907d: 312 (Dm).
T. c. Comellini, 1955: 119, f. 3-7 (m, Df, S).

m cancellatus congoensis Comellini, 1955....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031572]
T. c. c. Comellini, 1955: 120 (Dm).
T. c. congolensis Brignoli, 1983c: 618.

f candefactus Caporiacco, 1954....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031573]
T. c. Caporiacco, 1954: 134, f. 37, 37a (Df).

f candidissimus Mello-Leitão, 1947....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031574]
T. c. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 278, pl. 38, f. 34 (Df).

f caporiaccoi Comellini, 1955....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031575]
T. c. Comellini, 1955: 120, f. 8 (Df).

f caretta Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031576]
T. c. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 164, f. 76 (Df).

f caxambuensis Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031577]
T. c. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 173, f. 16 (Df).

mf cinerasceus (L. Koch, 1876)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031578]
Monaeses c. L. Koch, 1876a: 768, pl. 62, f. 5-6 (Dmf).
T. c. Rainbow, 1911: 211.

f cinereus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031579]
T. c. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 150, f. 61 (Df).

mf circinalis Song & Chai, 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031580]
T. c. Song & Chai, 1990: 371, f. 10A-B (Df).
T. c. Song & Li, 1997: 429, f. 35A-B (f).
T. c. Song & Zhu, 1997: 45, f. 22A-D (f, Dm).
T. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 487, f. 283D, O (mf).

f clavimanus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031581]
T. c. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 142, f. 57 (Df).

f clavipes Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031582]
T. c. Keyserling, 1891: 250, pl. 10, f. 189 (Df).

f cognatus Chickering, 1950....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031583]
T. c. Chickering, 1950b: 222, pl. 1, f. 3 (Df).

mf comellinii Garcia-Neto, 1989....................Congo to South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031584]
T. hirsutus Comellini, 1955: 120, f. 9 (Df; N.B.: preoccupied by Mello-Leitão, 1929).
T. hirsutus Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1985: 125, f. 8a-e (f, Dm).
T. c. Garcia-Neto, 1989b: 149 (replacement name for T. hirsutus Comellini, 1955, preoccupied ).

mf contortus Chickering, 1950....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031585]
T. c. Chickering, 1950b: 224, pl. 1, f. 4-5 (Dmf).

f corruptus O. P.-Cambridge, 1892....................Mexico, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031586]
T. c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1892b: 95, pl. 12, f. 10 (Df).
T. mendax O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 139, pl. 18, f. 9 (Df).
T. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1900: 156, pl. 10, f. 32 (f).
T. c. Chickering, 1950b: 228, pl. 1, f. 6.

m craneae Chickering, 1965....................Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031587]
T. c. Chickering, 1965b: 230, f. 1-3 (Dm).

mf cretatus Chickering, 1965....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031588]
T. c. Chickering, 1965a: 344, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf curvus Chickering, 1950....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031589]
T. c. Chickering, 1950b: 228, pl. 1, f. 7-8 (Dmf).

f decens O. P.-Cambridge, 1892....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031590]
T. d. O. P.-Cambridge, 1892b: 98, pl. 12, f. 9 (Df).
T. d. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1900: 155, pl. 10, f. 30 (f).
T. d. Chickering, 1950b: 231, pl. 2, f. 9.

f decoloratus Keyserling, 1883....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031591]
T. d. Keyserling, 1883a: 224, pl. 15, f. 20 (Df).

m decorus Chickering, 1965....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031592]
T. d. Chickering, 1965a: 347, f. 7-8 (Dm).

m dejectus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031593]
Monastes d. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 70 (Dm).
T. d. Simon, 1895a: 993.
T. d. Marusik, 1993b: 466, f. 27-28 (m).

m digitatus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031594]
T. d. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 172, f. 83-84 (Dm).

mf digitiformis Yang, Zhu & Song, 2005....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040753]
T. d. Yang, Zhu & Song, 2005b: 95, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

m dostinikus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031595]
T. d. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 216, f. 124a-c (Dm).

mf ehecatltocatl Jiménez, 1992....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031596]
T. e. Jiménez, 1992: 55, f. 9-12 (Dmf).

mf elongatus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031597]
T. e. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 157, f. 67-69 (Dmf).

j eques Thorell, 1890....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031598]
T. e. Thorell, 1890c: 151 (Dj).

f espiritosantensis Soares & Soares, 1946....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031599]
T. e. Soares & Soares, 1946a: 67, f. 17-18 (Df).

m estyliferus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031600]
T. e. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 161, f. 73-74 (Dm).

f fallax Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031601]
T. f. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 149, f. 60 (Df).

mf farri Chickering, 1965....................Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031602]
T. f. Chickering, 1965b: 232, f. 4-6 (Dmf).

f fasciolatus Simon, 1906....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031603]
T. f. Simon, 1906c: 287 (Df).

f femellus Caporiacco, 1941....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031604]
T. f. Caporiacco, 1941b: 122, f. 49 (Df; N.B.: omitted by Roewer).

mf floridensis Keyserling, 1884....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031605]
T. f. Keyserling, 1884b: 673, pl. 21, f. 21 (Dmf).
T. f. Gertsch, 1939b: 304, f. 15-16, 23 (mf).

mf foliatus Lessert, 1928....................Africa, Comoro Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031606]
T. f. Lessert, 1928: 315, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
T. f. Jézéquel, 1964c: 1112, f. 10 (f).
T. f. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1985: 122, f. 7a-f (mf).

mf formosus Mello-Leitão, 1917....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031607]
T. f. Mello-Leitão, 1917c: 120, f. 1 (Dmf).
T. f. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 162, f. 12-13 (mf).

m gajdosi Marusik & Logunov, 2002....................Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038194]
T. g. Marusik & Logunov, 2002b: 318, f. 20-22 (Dm).

mf galapagosensis Baert, 2013....................Galapagos Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045868]
T. stolzmanni Banks, 1902c: 62, pl. II, f. 5 (m, misidentified).
T. g. Baert, 2013a: 11, f. 4A-B, D, 5A-D (Dmf).

f geayi Caporiacco, 1954....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031608]
T. g. Caporiacco, 1954: 132, f. 36 (Df).

m gladiatus Tang & Li, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043699]
T. g. Tang & Li, 2010b: 100, f. 74A-D, 75A-B (Dm).

f grandis Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031609]
T. g. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 153, f. 197 (Df).

m guineensis Millot, 1942....................Guinea to South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031610]
T. g. Millot, 1942: 16, f. 7B-C (Dm).
T. g. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1985: 117, f. 3a-c (m).

m hastatus Tang & Li, 2009....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042702]
T. h. Tang & Li, 2009b: 54, f. 4A-D, 5A-B (Dm).

mf hazevensis Levy, 1973....................Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031611]
T. h. Levy, 1973: 119, f. 26-27 (Df).
T. h. Levy, 1985b: 29, f. 30-31 (f).
T. h. Levy, 2007: 19, f. 49-50 (Dm).

f hirsutus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031612]
T. h. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 153, f. 197 (Df).

f holmbergi Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1941....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031613]
T. h. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1941: 74 (Df).
T. h. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1942: 329, pl. IV, f. 5-7 (f).
T. h. Ramírez, 2014: 224, f. 152B (f. m).

f homanni Chrysanthus, 1964....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031614]
T. h. Chrysanthus, 1964: 94, f. 26-27 (Df).

mf horvathi Kulczyn'ski, 1895....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031615]
T. h. Kulczyn'ski, 1895a: 25, pl. 1, f. 15 (Df).
T. hanrasanensis Paik, 1973b: 82, f. 8-9, 20-21 (Df).
T. hanrasanensis Ono, 1977: 70, f. 13-14, 18, 21 (f).
T. hanrasanensis Ono, 1986b: 169, f. 2-4 (Dm).
T. hanrasanensis Song, 1987: 273, f. 230 (f).
T. hanrasanensis Ono, 1988c: 57, f. 46-47 (f).
T. h. Logunov & Marusik, 1990: 135 (S).
T. h. Logunov, 1992b: 63, f. 2-3 (mf).
T. hanrasanensis Song & Zhu, 1997: 46, f. 23A-B (f).
T. hanrasanensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 487, f. 283E (f).
T. hanrasanensis Kim & Gwon, 2001: 47, f. 85-87 (f).
T. hanrasanensis Namkung, 2002: 543, f. 42.26a-b (mf).
T. h. Namkung, 2003: 546, f. 42.26a-b (mf).
T. h. Emerit & Ledoux, 2004b: 22, f. 11A-C (mf).
T. h. Ono, 2009a: 508, f. 93-98 (mf).

mf humphreyi Chickering, 1965....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031616]
T. h. Chickering, 1965a: 348, f. 9-13 (Dmf).

mf hystrix Caporiacco, 1954....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031617]
T. histrix Caporiacco, 1954: 135, f. 38, 38a-c (Dmf, lapsus).
T. h. Brignoli, 1983c: 619.

f impedus Chickering, 1965....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031618]
T. i. Chickering, 1965a: 350, f. 14-15 (Df).

f incertus Keyserling, 1880....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031619]
T. i. Keyserling, 1880: 161, pl. 3, f. 88 (Df).

f incognitus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031620]
T. i. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 137, f. 5 (Df).

mf ineptus O. P.-Cambridge, 1892....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031621]
T. i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1892b: 94, pl. 13, f. 3 (Df).
T. i. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1900: 155, pl. 10, f. 28 (f).
T. i. Chickering, 1950b: 232, pl. 2, f. 10-11 (f, Dm).

f infrasigillatus Mello-Leitão, 1947....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031622]
T. i. Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 19, pl. 6, f. 48 (Df).

m innotus Chickering, 1965....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031623]
T. i. Chickering, 1965a: 353, f. 16-17 (Dm).

f innumus Chickering, 1965....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031624]
T. i. Chickering, 1965a: 354, f. 18-20 (Df).

m insuetus Chickering, 1965....................Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031625]
T. i. Chickering, 1965b: 234, f. 7-8 (Dm).

mf intentus O. P.-Cambridge, 1892....................Guatemala, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031626]
T. i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1892b: 96, pl. 13, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
T. i. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1900: 155, pl. 10, f. 26-27 (mf).
T. i. Chickering, 1950b: 234, pl. 2, f. 12 (f).

f interritus Keyserling, 1880....................Panama, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031627]
T. i. Keyserling, 1880: 151, pl. 3, f. 82 (Df).

f jabalpurensis Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038195]
T. j. Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999c: 141, f. 1-3 (Df).
T. j. Gajbe, 2004a: 126, f. 165-167 (f).

mf jelskii (Taczanowski, 1872)....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031628]
Monastes j. Taczanowski, 1872: 83 (Dmf).
T. j. Keyserling, 1880: 143, pl. 3, f. 77 (f).

mf jocosus O. P.-Cambridge, 1898....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031629]
T. j. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 288, pl. 32, f. 11-12 (Dmf).
T. j. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1900: 156, pl. 10, f. 31 (mf).

mf karolae Jézéquel, 1964....................Ivory Coast [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031630]
T. k. Jézéquel, 1964c: 1113, f. 13-14 (Dmf).

m komi Ono, 1996....................Ryukyu Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031631]
T. k. Ono, 1996b: 161, f. 6-8 (Dm).
T. k. Ono, 2009a: 508, f. 116-118 (m).

mf koreanus Paik, 1973....................China, Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031632]
T. k. Paik, 1973b: 80, f. 3-7, 15-19 (Dmf).
T. k. Song & Chai, 1990: 371, f. 11A-B (f).
T. k. Song & Li, 1997: 429, f. 36A-B (f).
T. k. Song & Zhu, 1997: 47, f. 24A-B (f).
T. k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 500, f. 283F (f).
T. k. Kim & Gwon, 2001: 48, f. 88-91 (mf).
T. k. Namkung, 2002: 542, f. 42.25a-b (mf).
T. k. Namkung, 2003: 545, f. 42.25a-b (mf).

f kotigeharus Tikader, 1963....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031633]
T. k. Tikader, 1963e: 250, f. 2a-c (Df).
T. k. Tikader, 1968b: 114, f. 47-49 (f).
T. k. Tikader, 1971a: 57, f. 16L-N (f).
T. k. Tikader, 1980a: 147, f. 208-210 (f).

mf lanyu Zhang, Zhu & Tso, 2006....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040755]
T. l. Zhang, Zhu & Tso, 2006b: 83, f. 10-14 (Dmf).

mf lapadui Jézéquel, 1964....................Ivory Coast [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031634]
T. l. Jézéquel, 1964c: 1112, f. 11-12 (Dmf).

f latifrons Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar, Krakatau [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031635]
T. l. Thorell, 1895: 298 (Df).

m lawrencei Comellini, 1955....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031636]
T. l. Comellini, 1955: 121, f. 10-11 (Dm).

f levii Chickering, 1965....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031637]
T. l. Chickering, 1965a: 356, f. 21 (Df).

f lichenoides Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031638]
T. l. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 169, f. 79 (Df).

mf littoralis Keyserling, 1880....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031639]
T. l. Keyserling, 1880: 144, pl. 3, f. 78 (Dmf).

mf locketi Millot, 1942....................West, Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031640]
T. l. Millot, 1942: 15, f. 7A (Df).
T. l. Comellini, 1955: 123, f. 12-15 (f, Dm).

mf locketi djuguensis Comellini, 1955....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031641]
T. l. d. Comellini, 1955: 123 (Dmf).

mf longicaudatus Millot, 1942....................West Africa, Saudi Arabia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031642]
T. l. Millot, 1942: 12, f. 6A-D (Dmf).
T. l. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1989c: 24, f. 4a-c (f).

m longipes Caporiacco, 1947....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031643]
T. l. Caporiacco, 1947d: 213, pl. 2, f. 55 (Dm).

mf longqicus Song & Zhu, 1993....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031644]
T. l. Song & Zhu, in Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 881, f. 55A-E (Dmf).
T. l. Song & Zhu, 1997: 48, f. 25A-E (mf).
T. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 500, f. 283G, P (mf).

f longus Chickering, 1965....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031645]
T. l. Chickering, 1965a: 357, f. 22-23 (Df).

m loriae Thorell, 1890....................Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031646]
T. l. Thorell, 1890d: 333 (Dm).

j macilentus (L. Koch, 1876)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031647]
Monaeses m. L. Koch, 1876a: 773, pl. 67, f. 8 (Dj).
T. m. Rainbow, 1911: 211.

f maculosus Keyserling, 1880....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031648]
T. m. Keyserling, 1880: 163, pl. 3, f. 89 (Df).

m makiharai Ono, 1988....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031649]
T. m. Ono, 1988c: 65, f. 51-53 (Dm).
T. m. Ono, 2009a: 508, f. 109-111 (m).

mf malleti Lessert, 1919....................Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031650]
T. m. Lessert, 1919: 107, f. 5-6, pl. 2, f. 37 (Dmf).
T. m. Millot, 1942: 12, f. 5 (f).
T. m. Comellini, 1955: 123, f. 16 (f).

f marmoreus (L. Koch, 1876)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031651]
Monaeses m. L. Koch, 1876a: 771, pl. 67, f. 7 (Df).
T. m. Rainbow, 1911: 211.

mf menglae Song & Zhao, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031652]
T. m. Song & Zhao, 1994: 113, f. 1A-C (Df).
T. m. Song & Zhu, 1997: 49, f. 26A-C (f).
T. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 500, f. 283H (f).
T. m. Tang & Li, 2009b: 59, f. 6A-D, 7A-D, 8A-D (f, Dm).

f menotus Chickering, 1965....................Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031653]
T. m. Chickering, 1965b: 236, f. 9-11 (Df).

f metropolitanus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031654]
T. m. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 136 (Df).

f milloti Comellini, 1955....................Cameroon, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031655]
T. m. Comellini, 1955: 123, f. 17 (Df).

f minensis Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031656]
T. m. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 174, f. 17 (Df).

mf minutus Banks, 1904....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031657]
T. m. Banks, 1904a: 112, f. 10 (Dmf).
T. m. Gertsch, 1939b: 303, f. 7, 9, 19-20, 90 (mf).

f misumenoides Mello-Leitão, 1927....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031658]
T. m. Mello-Leitão, 1927c: 406 (Df).
T. m. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 165, f. 14 (f).

f montericensis Keyserling, 1880....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031659]
T. m. Keyserling, 1880: 141, pl. 3, f. 76 (Df).

mf morosus Chickering, 1950....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031660]
T. m. Chickering, 1950b: 235, pl. 2, f. 13-15 (Dmf).

f mourei Mello-Leitão, 1947....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031661]
T. m. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 279, pl. 38, f. 35 (Df).

mf mundulus O. P.-Cambridge, 1892....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031662]
T. m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1892b: 95, pl. 12, f. 11 (Df).
T. m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1900: 155, pl. 10, f. 29 (f).
T. m. Chickering, 1950b: 239, pl. 3, f. 16-18 (f, Dm).

f mutabilis Soares, 1944....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031663]
T. m. Soares, 1944a: 163, f. 9-10 (Df).

m natalensis Lessert, 1925....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031664]
T. n. Lessert, 1925b: 323, f. 1 (Dm).
T. n. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1985: 122, f. 6a-c (m).

m neocaledonicus Kritscher, 1966....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031665]
T. n. Kritscher, 1966b: 387, f. 25-26 (Dm).

f nigrescens Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031666]
T. n. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 142 (Df).

f nigridorsi Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031667]
T. n. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 136, f. 54 (Df).

f nigristernus Caporiacco, 1947....................Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031668]
T. n. Caporiacco, 1947d: 214, pl. 2, f. 56 (Df).

f nigrofasciatus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031669]
T. n. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 136, f. 55 (Df).

f nigroviridis Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031670]
T. n. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 152 (Df).

mf ningshaanensis Wang & Xi, 1998....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031671]
T. n. Wang & Xi, 1998: 33, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
T. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 500, f. 283I, 284A (mf).

mf obesus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031672]
T. o. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 162 (Df).
T. o. Caporiacco, 1954: 137, f. 39 (Dm).

m oblectator Logunov, 1992....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031673]
T. o. Logunov, 1992b: 64, f. 2 (Dm).

mf obsecus Chickering, 1965....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031674]
T. o. Chickering, 1965a: 359, f. 24-29 (Dmf).

mf orientalis Schenkel, 1963....................China, Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031675]
T. o. Schenkel, 1963: 183, f. 105a-b (Dm).
T. o. Song & Zheng, 1981: 350, f. 5-8 (m, Df).
T. o. Zhu & Wen, 1981: 24, f. 1-3 (Df).
T. o. Hu, 1984: 342, f. 357.1-2 (f).
T. o. Zhu et al., 1985: 189, f. 171a-e (mf).
T. o. Song, 1987: 273, f. 231-232 (mf).
T. o. Zhang, 1987: 226, f. 198.1-4 (mf).
T. o. Wu & Song, 1989: 31, f. 4A-B (f).
T. o. Feng, 1990: 187, f. 162.1-3 (mf).
T. o. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 280, f. 292.1-4 (mf).
T. o. Logunov, 1992b: 61, f. 3 (mf).
T. o. Song & Zhu, 1997: 50, f. 27A-F (mf).
T. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 500, f. 276C-D, 283J, 284B (mf).
T. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 408, f. 269A-F (mf).
T. o. Namkung, 2002: 545, f. 42.28a-b (mf).
T. o. Namkung, 2003: 548, f. 42.28a-b (mf).
T. o. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 460, f. 331A-F (mf).

f pallidus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031676]
T. p. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 159, f. 72 (Df; N.B.: spelled palidus in text, correct in key and legend).

f parallelus Mello-Leitão, 1943....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031677]
T. p. Mello-Leitão, 1943e: 171 (Df).

m parki Chickering, 1950....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031678]
T. p. Chickering, 1950b: 242, pl. 3, f. 19-20 (Dm).

?? paulensis Piza, 1935....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031679]
T. p. Piza, 1935: 126, f. 1 (D).

m pauper O. P.-Cambridge, 1892....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031680]
T. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1892b: 96, pl. 12, f. 8 (Dm).

f perditus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031681]
T. p. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 154, f. 9 (Df).

m peregrinus Chickering, 1950....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031682]
T. p. Chickering, 1950b: 245, pl. 3, f. 21-22 (Dm).

m peruvianus Berland, 1913....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031683]
T. p. Berland, 1913b: 95, pl. 9, f. 49-50 (Dm).

mf piger (Walckenaer, 1802) *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031684]
Aranea pigra Walckenaer, 1802: 86 (D).
Aranea bilineata Walckenaer, 1802: 229 (D).
Thomisus pigrus Walckenaer, 1805: 34, pl. 4, f. 37.
Thomisus bilineatus Walckenaer, 1805: 34.
Thomisus lynceus Latreille, 1806: 112 (D).
Xysticus cuneolus C. L. Koch, 1836b: 134, pl. 24 (Dm).
Thomisus p. Walckenaer, 1837: 536 (Df).
Thomisus bilineatus Walckenaer, 1837: 537 (Df).
Xysticus cuneolus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 79, f. 302 (m, Df).
Thomisus cuneatus Walckenaer, 1841: 470 (lapsus).
Monastes lapidarius Lucas, 1846: 194, pl. 11, f. 2 (Dmf).
Thomisus atomarius Blackwall, 1861a: 74, pl. 4, f. 42 (Df).
Xysticus polonicus Taczanowski, 1867: 21 (D; omitted by both Roewer and Bonnet)
T. p. Simon, 1875a: 262 (m).
Monaeses p. Pavesi, 1879: 807.
Monaeses cuneolus Bertkau, 1880b: 245.
T. p. Becker, 1882b: 219, pl. 23, f. 2 (mf).
T. p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 101, pl. 4, f. 10 (mf).
T. lapidarius Simon, 1895a: 994.
T. p. Bösenberg, 1902: 370, pl. 34, f. 545 (mf).
T. amoenus Kishida, in Yuhara, 1931: 180, f. 97 (Dj).
T. p. Simon, 1932: 782, 867, f. 1130-1132 (mf).
T. p. Saito, 1934b: 278, pl. 12, f. 6, pl. 14, f. 39 (m).
T. p. Saito, 1936b: 11, 75, pl. 8 (f).
T. p. Zhu & Wang, 1963c: 484, f. 32, 44 (mf).
T. p. Azheganova, 1968: 119, f. 255-256 (mf).
T. p. Prószyn'ski & Starega, 1971: 248 (S).
T. p. Paik, 1973b: 79, f. 1-2, 13-14 (f).
T. p. Ono, 1977: 68, f. 1-6, 19, 28-31 (mf, S).
T. p. Hidalgo, 1983: 361, f. 1A-B (m).
T. p. Hu, 1984: 342, f. 358.1-2 (m).
T. p. Zhu et al., 1985: 190, f. 172a-d (f).
T. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 209, f. 116.1 (mf).
T. p. Song, 1987: 275, f. 233 (mf).
T. p. Zhang, 1987: 227, f. 199.1-4 (mf).
T. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 143, f. 21 (mf).
T. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 478, f. 1255 (mf).
T. p. Logunov, 1992b: 65, f. 2-3 (mf).
T. p. Roberts, 1995: 154, f. (mf).
T. p. Urones, 1996: 33 (S).
T. p. Mcheidze, 1997: 134, f. 208-210 (mf).
T. p. Song & Zhu, 1997: 51, f. 28A-D (mf).
T. p. Roberts, 1998: 163, f. (mf).
T. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 500, f. 283K, 284C (mf).
T. p. Kim & Gwon, 2001: 49, f. 92-94 (mf).
T. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 409, f. 270A-D (mf).
T. p. Namkung, 2002: 541, f. 42.24a-b (mf).
T. p. Namkung, 2003: 544, f. 42.24a-b (mf).
T. p. Bayram et al., 2009a: 141, f. 2-5 (m).
T. p. Ono, 2009a: 508, f. 88-92 (mf).
T. p. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 461, f. 332A-D (mf).

mf piochardi (Simon, 1866)....................Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031685]
Thomisus p. Simon, 1866b: 284, pl. 4, f. 10 (Df).
T. p. Simon, 1875a: 261, pl. 8, f. 1 (f, Dm).
Monaeses leo Caffi, 1895: 25 (D).
T. p. judaorum Strand, 1915c: 147 (Df).
T. p. Simon, 1932: 783, 867, f. 1136-1138 (mf).
T. p. Levy, 1973: 116, f. 20-23 (mf, S).
T. p. Levy, 1985b: 25, f. 24-27 (mf).
T. p. Levy, 2007: 19, f. 51-52 (m).
T. p. Bayram et al., 2007a: 131, f. 2A-E (mf).

m pizai Soares, 1941....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031686]
T. p. Soares, 1941: 257, f. 1 (Dm).

mf planetarius Simon, 1903....................Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031687]
T. p. Simon, 1903e: 94 (Df).
T. p. Simon, 1907d: 312 (Dm).
T. pauliani Millot, 1942: 17, f. 8 (Dm).
T. lesserti Lawrence, 1942: 148, f. 5 (Df).
T. p. Comellini, 1955: 124 (S).
T. p. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1985: 125, f. 9a-f (mf, S).

f planifrons Mello-Leitão, 1943....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031688]
T. p. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 212, f. 39 (Df).

mf planquettei Jézéquel, 1966....................Ivory Coast [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031689]
T. p. Jézéquel, 1966: 616, f. 4-5 (Dmf).

f pleuronotatus Mello-Leitão, 1941....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031690]
T. p. Mello-Leitão, 1941c: 253 (Df).

mf plurituberculatus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031691]
T. p. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 169, f. 80-81 (Dmf).

mf polyandrus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031692]
T. p. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 155, f. 10-11 (Dmf).

f posticatus Simon, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031693]
T. p. Simon, in Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 132, f. 53 (Df).

f primitivus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031694]
T. p. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 140, f. 6 (Df).

m probus Chickering, 1950....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031695]
T. p. Chickering, 1950b: 247, pl. 3, f. 23, pl. 4, f. 24 (Dm).

m productus Chickering, 1950....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031696]
T. p. Chickering, 1950b: 249, pl. 4, f. 25-26 (Dm).

f prognathus Simon, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031697]
T. p. Simon, in Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 156, f. 66 (Df).

f projectus (L. Koch, 1876)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031698]
Monaeses p. L. Koch, 1876a: 780, pl. 68, f. 4 (Df).
T. p. Rainbow, 1911: 211.

f protobius Chickering, 1965....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031699]
T. p. Chickering, 1965a: 363, f. 30 (Df).

mf pugnax Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031700]
T. p. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 171, f. 15 (Df).
T. p. Garcia-Neto, 1986: 39, f. 1-3 (Dm).

mf pulchripes Thorell, 1894....................Singapore [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031701]
T. p. Thorell, 1894b: 342 (Dmf).
T. p. Workman, 1896: 85, pl. 85 (m).

m punctatissimus (Simon, 1870)....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031702]
Monastes p. Simon, 1870b: 326 (Dm).
Monastes p. Simon, 1873a: 169, pl. 3, f. 19 (m).
T. p. Simon, 1875a: 265.

f punctatus (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031703]
Philodromus p. Nicolet, 1849: 408 (Df).
T. p. Simon, 1895a: 993.

mf qinlingensis Song & Wang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031704]
T. q. Song & Wang, 1994: 48, f. 3A-C (Dm).
T. q. Tang, Song & Zhu, 1995: 17, f. 1A-D (f, Df).
T. q. Song & Zhu, 1997: 52, f. 29A-D (mf).
T. q. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 500, f. 283L, 284D (mf).
T. q. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 462, f. 333A-D (mf).

m rainbowi Mello-Leitão, 1929....................South Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031705]
T. punctatus Rainbow, 1915: 784, pl. 68, f. 12-13 (Dm, preoccupied by Nicolet, 1849).
T. r. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 315 (replacement name).

m rarus Soares & Soares, 1946....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031706]
T. r. Soares & Soares, 1946a: 69, f. 19-20 (Dm).

m riccii Caporiacco, 1941....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031707]
T. r. Caporiacco, 1941b: 121, f. 48 (Dm).

mf rimosus Paik, 1973....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031708]
T. r. Paik, 1973b: 83, f. 10-12, 22-25 (Dmf).
T. r. Ono, 1977: 72, f. 7-12, 20, 22-24, 32 (mf).
T. r. Shinkai, 1977: 332, f. 19 (f).
T. r. Zhu et al., 1985: 191, f. 173a-f (mf).
T. r. Yaginuma, 1986a: 209, f. 116.2 (mf).
T. r. Song, 1987: 276, f. 234 (mf).
T. r. Chikuni, 1989b: 143, f. 22 (mf).
T. r. Logunov, 1990: 40, f. 5 (mf).
T. r. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 279, f. 291.1-4 (mf).
T. r. Irie, 1991: 11, f. 4-6 (mf).
T. r. Logunov, 1992b: 67, f. 1, 4 (mf).
T. r. Danilov, 1993a: 64, f. 18-20 (mf).
T. r. Song & Zhu, 1997: 53, f. 30A-D (mf).
T. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 500, f. 284E, M (mf).
T. r. Kim & Gwon, 2001: 50, f. 95-97 (mf).
T. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 410, f. 271A-D (mf).
T. r. Namkung, 2002: 544, f. 42.27a-b (mf).
T. r. Kim & Cho, 2002: 158, f. 307-312 (f).
T. r. Namkung, 2003: 547, f. 42.27a-b (mf).
T. r. Ono, 2009a: 508, f. 99-103 (mf).
T. r. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 463, f. 334A-D (mf).
T. r. Yin et al., 2012: 1307, f. 705a-e (mf).

f rubinus Chickering, 1965....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031709]
T. r. Chickering, 1965a: 364, f. 31-32 (Df).

mf rubromaculatus Keyserling, 1880....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031710]
T. r. Keyserling, 1880: 158, pl. 3, f. 86 (Dm).
T. griseus Keyserling, 1884b: 672, pl. 21, f. 20 (Df).
T. r. Gertsch, 1939b: 307, f. 17-18, 24 (mf).
T. r. Kaston, 1948: 417, f. 1489, 1512-1513 (mf).

mf salai Schick, 1965....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031711]
T. s. Schick, 1965: 138, f. 200-202 (Dmf).

m schoutedeni Comellini, 1955....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031712]
T. s. Comellini, 1955: 124, f. 18-19 (Dm).

j semiroseus Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031713]
T. s. Simon, 1909e: 125 (Dj).

f separatus Banks, 1898....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031714]
T. s. Banks, 1898b: 264, pl. 16, f. 10 (Df).

m serratus Yang, Zhu & Song, 2005....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040756]
T. s. Yang, Zhu & Song, 2005b: 97, f. 6-8 (Dm).

mf shimojanai Ono, 1997....................Ryukyu Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031715]
T. s. Ono, 1997b: 159, f. 23-29 (Dmf).
T. s. Ono, 2009a: 508, f. 112-115 (mf).

m sigillatus Chickering, 1950....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031716]
T. s. Chickering, 1950b: 252, pl. 4, f. 27-28 (Dm).

f simoni Comellini, 1955....................Sierra Leone [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031717]
T. s. Comellini, 1955: 124, f. 20 (Df).

mf songi Han & Zhu, 2009....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042643]
T. s. Han & Zhu, 2009: 460, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
T. s. Tang & Li, 2009b: 62, f. 9A-D, 10A-C, 11A-D (mf).

f soricinus Simon, 1906....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031718]
T. s. Simon, 1906c: 287 (Df).

f spicatus Tang & Li, 2009....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042703]
T. s. Tang & Li, 2009b: 62, f. 12A-C, 13A-B (Df).

f spinosus Comellini, 1955....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031719]
T. s. Comellini, 1955: 125, f. 22-23 (Df).

mf spinosus Zhu et al., 2005....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042263]
T. s. Zhu et al., 2005: 533, f. 9A-E (Dmf; N.B.: primary junior homonym of above).

mf srisailamensis Rao et al., 2006....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040757]
T. s. Rao et al., 2006a: 52, pl. II, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

mf staintoni (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)....................Spain, France, Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031720]
Monastes s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1873g: 542, pl. 15, f. 10 (Dj).
T. s. Simon, 1932: 783, 867, f. 1139-1140 (Dmf).

mf stellio Simon, 1875....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031721]
T. s. Simon, 1875a: 264 (Df).
T. s. Simon, 1878c: 6 (Dm).
T. s. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 101, pl. 4, f. 11 (mf).
T. s. Simon, 1932: 783, 867, f. 1133-1135 (mf).
T. s. Miller, 1971: 113, pl. LXI, f. 16-17 (m).
T. s. Logunov, 1992b: 69, f. 1, 4 (mf).
T. s. Jäger, 1995a: 21, f. 8-10 (m).
T. s. Horak & Kropf, 1999: 259, f. 2 (f).
T. s. Ono & Martens, 2005: 110, f. 1-4 (mf).
T. s. Demir et al., 2007: 89, f. 4 (f).

m stolzmanni Keyserling, 1880....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031722]
T. s. Keyserling, 1880: 138, pl. 3, f. 74 (Dm).
T. s. Gertsch, in Roth & Craig, 1970: 121 (Tm from Onocolus per Roewer).
T. s. Baert, 2013a: 2, f. 4C (m).

m striolatus Mello-Leitão, 1943....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031723]
T. s. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 214, f. 40 (Dm).

mf studiosus O. P.-Cambridge, 1892....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031724]
T. s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1892b: 97, pl. 12, f. 6-7 (Dmf).
T. s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1900: 155, pl. 10, f. 25 (mf).
T. s. Chickering, 1950b: 254, pl. 4, f. 29-31 (mf).

m taibaiensis Song & Wang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031725]
T. t. Song & Wang, 1994: 47, f. 2A-D (Dm).
T. t. Song & Zhu, 1997: 55, f. 31A-B (m).
T. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 500, f. 284N (m).

mf taishanensis Zhu & Wen, 1981....................Russia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031726]
T. t. Zhu & Wen, 1981: 25, f. 4-6 (Df).
T. t. Hu, 1984: 344, f. 357.3-4 (f).
T. t. Song, 1987: 278, f. 235 (f).
T. t. Logunov, 1992b: 70, f. 1, 4 (f, Dm).
T. t. Danilov, 1993a: 65, f. 21-25 (mf).
T. t. Song & Zhu, 1997: 56, f. 32A-C (f).
T. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 500, f. 284F (f).

mf taiwanus Ono, 1977....................China, Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031727]
T. t. Ono, 1977: 75, f. 33-34 (Df).
T. t. Song, 1987: 279, f. 236 (f).
T. t. Song & Zhu, 1997: 56, f. 33A-B (f).
T. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 500, f. 284G (f).
T. t. Han & Zhu, 2009: 461, f. 6-11 (f, Dm).
T. t. Tang & Li, 2009b: 66, f. 13C-D, 14A-C (f).

m tamazolinus Jiménez, 1988....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031728]
T. t. Jiménez, 1988a: 397, f. 5-6 (Dm).

f thorelli Comellini, 1955....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031729]
T. t. Comellini, 1955: 126, f. 21 (Df).

f tinctus Keyserling, 1880....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031730]
T. t. Keyserling, 1880: 140, pl. 3, f. 75 (Df).

f tonkinus Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031731]
T. t. Simon, 1909e: 124 (Df).

m toschii Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031732]
T. t. Caporiacco, 1949a: 454, f. 81 (Dm).

m trifidus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031733]
T. t. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 147, f. 59 (Dm).

f trituberculatus Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031734]
T. t. Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 168 (Df; spelled tuberculatus in key).

mf truncatus (L. Koch, 1876)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031735]
Monaeses t. L. Koch, 1876a: 765, pl. 67, f. 3-4 (Dmf).
T. t. Rainbow, 1911: 212.

mf tuberculitibiis Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031736]
T. t. Caporiacco, 1940c: 853, f. 47 (Dmf).

f undatus Tang & Li, 2009....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042704]
T. u. Tang & Li, 2009b: 66, f. 13E-F, 15A-C (Df).

j unicus Gertsch, 1936....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031737]
T. u. Gertsch, 1936a: 14 (Dj).
T. u. Gertsch, 1939b: 302, f. 12-14 (j).

m vachoni Millot, 1942....................Ivory Coast [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031738]
T. v. Millot, 1942: 19, f. 9 (Dm).

mf variabilis (L. Koch, 1876)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031739]
Monaeses v. L. Koch, 1876a: 775, pl. 68, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
T. v. Rainbow, 1911: 212.

mf variatus Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031740]
T. v. Keyserling, 1891: 248, pl. 10, f. 188 (Dmf).

f verrucosus Mello-Leitão, 1948....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031741]
T. v. Mello-Leitão, 1948: 180 (Df).

mf vertumus Chickering, 1965....................Puerto Rico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031742]
T. v. Chickering, 1965b: 238, f. 12-15 (Dmf).

f vexillifer (Butler, 1876)....................Rodriguez [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031743]
Pholcus v. Butler, 1876b: 441 (Df).
T. v. Simon, 1893a: 469.

f villasboasi Mello-Leitão, 1949....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031744]
T. v. Mello-Leitão, 1949: 17, f. 19-20 (Df).

f viridis Keyserling, 1880....................Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031745]
T. v. Keyserling, 1880: 153, pl. 3, f. 83 (Df).

m vitusus Chickering, 1965....................Mexico, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031746]
T. v. Chickering, 1965a: 366, f. 33-35 (Dm).
T. v. Ibarra-Núñez, Maya-Morales & Chamé-Vázquez, 2011: 1186, f. 5a (m).

f wiedenmeyeri Schenkel, 1953....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031747]
T. w. Schenkel, 1953a: 30, f. 27 (Df).

mf yaginumai Ono, 1977....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031748]
T. y. Ono, 1977: 73, f. 15-17, 35 (Dm).
T. y. Yaginuma, 1986a: 210, f. 116.3 (m).
T. y. Ono, 1988c: 62, f. 48-50 (Df).
T. y. Ono, 2009a: 508, f. 104-108 (mf).

f yani Yin et al., 2004....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040758]
T. y. Yin et al., 2004a: 13, f. 1-3 (Df).
T. y. Yin et al., 2012: 1309, f. 706a-c (f).

f yerohamus Levy, 1973....................Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031749]
T. y. Levy, 1973: 117, f. 24-25 (Df).
T. y. Levy, 1985b: 28, f. 28-29 (f).

f yiminhensis Zhu & Wen, 1981....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031750]
T. y. Zhu & Wen, 1981: 27, f. 7-9 (Df).
T. y. Hu, 1984: 344, f. 357.5-6 (f).
T. y. Song, 1987: 279, f. 237 (f).
T. y. Song & Zhu, 1997: 57, f. 34A-C (f).
T. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 500, f. 284H (f).