The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: ARANEIDAE

Gen. Verrucosa McCook, 1888 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01574]

N.B.: not a senior synonym of Pickardiana Mello-Leitão, 1943 (Levi, 1988: 472, contra Archer, 1951a: 20); not a senior synonym of Paraverrucosa Mello-Leitão, 1939 (Levi, 1991b: 370, contra Archer, 1951a: 20).

Transferred to other genera:
V. alticeps (Keyserling, 1879) -- see Alpaida.
V. audax (Blackwall, 1863) -- see Parawixia.
V. dimastophora Mello-Leitão, 1940 -- see Wagneriana.
V. longicauda Mello-Leitão, 1947 -- see Wagneriana.
V. rubronigra Mello-Leitão, 1939 -- see Rubrepeira.
V. undulata (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Parawixia.

In synonymy:
V. aequiangulus (Franganillo, 1930, T from Araneus) = V. arenata (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1976: 359).
V. aequiangulus ochraceus (Franganillo, 1930, T from Araneus) = V. arenata (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1976: 359).
V. cylicophora (Badcock, 1932, T from Araneus) = V. meridionalis (Keyserling, 1892) (Mello-Leitão, 1946b: 41).
V. mexicana (Lucas, 1833c: 1, pl. 3, f, Mexico) = V. arenata (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1976: 358, who suppressed the older name as a nomen oblitum).

mf arenata (Walckenaer, 1841) *....................USA to Panama, Greater Antilles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017098]
Epeira mexicana Lucas, 1833c: 1, pl. 3 (Df; N.B.: suppressed as a nomen oblitum by Levi, 1976: 358).
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1841: 133 (Dmf).
Epeira verrucosa Hentz, 1850: 19, pl. 3, f. 2 (Df).
Acanthepeira verrucosa Marx, 1883: 22.
V. a. McCook, 1888a: 78.
Mahadiva reticulata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 54, pl. 3, f. 10 (Dm).
Mahadeva reticulata Keyserling, 1892: 71, pl. 3, f. 55 (m, Df).
Mahadeva verrucosa Keyserling, 1892: 72, pl. 3, f. 56 (mf).
V. a. McCook, 1894: 200, pl. 12, f. 6-7 (mf).
Araneus mexicanus Simon, 1895a: 809.
Epeira verrucosa Emerton, 1902: 181, f. 421-423 (mf).
V. a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 482, pl. 45, f. 23-24 (mf).
Araneus arenatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 279.
V. a. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 329, f. 211-212 (f).
Araneus aequiangulus Franganillo, 1930: 26, f. 9 (Dmf).
Araneus aequiangulus ochraceus Franganillo, 1930: 28 (Df).
V. a. Levi, 1976: 358, f. 1-11 (mf, S).
V. a. Coddington, 1990: 14, f. 64 (m).
V. a. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 372, f. 10, 24 (mf).
V. a. Levi, 2002: 540, f. 89-90, 257-259 (mf).

m furcifera (Keyserling, 1886)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017100]
Epeira f. Keyserling, 1886a: 144, pl. 12, f. 1 (Dm).
V. f. Archer, 1951a: 20 (Tm from Araneus).

f lampra (Soares & Camargo, 1948)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017101]
Epeiroides lamprus Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 370, f. 23-24 (Df).
V. l. Levi, 1989: 77 (Tf from Epeiroides).

f meridionalis (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil, Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017102]
Mahadeva m. Keyserling, 1892: 74, pl. 3, f. 57 (Df).
Araneus m. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 302.
Aranea m. Strand, 1916b: 113.
Araneus cylicophorus Badcock, 1932: 26, f. 18 (Df).
V. m. Mello-Leitão, 1946b: 41 (S).

f septemmammata Caporiacco, 1954....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017103]
V. s. Caporiacco, 1954: 100, f. 22 (Df).

mf undecimvariolata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Central America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042112]
Mahadiva undecim-variolata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 53, pl. 3, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
Mahadeva u. Keyserling, 1892: 69, pl. 3, f. 54 (mf).
V. u. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 483, pl. 45, f. 25-26 (mf).
V. u. Levi, 1976: 360 (removed mf from S of V. arenata, contra Simon, 1895a: 809, sub V. mexicana).

mf zebra (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017104]
Mahadeva z. Keyserling, 1892: 68, pl. 3, f. 53 (Df).
Araneus z. Simon, 1895a: 810, f. 864-865 (Dm).
V. z. Levi, 1991a: 180 (Tmf from Araneus).