The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THERAPHOSIDAE

Gen. Vitalius Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:00291]

V. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 243, type Pamphobeteus sorocabae Mello-Leitão, 1923.

Transferred to other genera:
V. cristatus (Mello-Leitão, 1923) -- see Lasiodora.
V. holophaeus (Mello-Leitão, 1923) -- see Eupalaestrus.
V. vulpinus Schmidt, 1998 -- see Nhandu.

In synonymy:
V. cephalopheus (Piza, 1944) = V. vellutinus (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bertani, 2001: 302, contra Bücherl, 1947a: 257, sub Pamphobeteus roseus).
V. cesteri (Mello-Leitão, 1923) = V. dubius (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bertani, 2001: 298).
V. communis (Piza, 1939) = V. dubius (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bertani, 2001: 299, contra Bücherl, 1947a: 257, sub Pamphobeteus sorocabae).
V. cucullatus (Mello-Leitão, 1923) = V. dubius (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 258, sub Pamphobeteus cesteri).
V. exsul (Mello-Leitão, 1923) = V. cesteri (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 258, sub Pamphobeteus, but see Bertani, 2001: 310).
V. insularis (Mello-Leitão, 1923) = V. wacketi (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bertani, 2001: 294, contra Bücherl, 1949a: 126, sub Pamphobeteus platyomma).
V. litoralis (Piza, 1976, T from Pamphobeteus) = V. wacketi (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245, sub V. platyomma).
V. masculus (Piza, 1939) = V. wacketi (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bertani, 2001: 294, contra Bücherl, 1949a: 126, sub Pamphobeteus platyomma).
V. melloleitaoi (Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971, T from Cyclosternum) = V. nondescriptus (Mello-Leitão, 1926) (Bertani, Nagahama & Fukushima, 2012: 468, after Silva-Moreira et al., 2010: 69).
V. melanocephalus (Mello-Leitão, 1923) = V. sorocabae (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 257, sub Pamphobeteus).
V. mus (Piza, 1944) = V. dubius (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bertani, 2001: 299, contra Bücherl, 1947a: 257, sub Pamphobeteus tetracanthus).
V. piracicabensis (Piza, 1933) = V. dubius (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 258, sub Pamphobeteus cesteri).
V. urbanicolus (Soares, 1941) = V. dubius (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 258, sub Pamphobeteus cesteri).
V. ypiranguensis (Soares, 1941) = V. dubius (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 258, sub Pamphobeteus cesteri).

Nomina dubia:
V. platyomma (Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 228, originally in Pamphobeteus, T here by Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245, jm, Brazil) -- Bertani, 2001: 309 (see also Schmidt, 2003l: 195, f. 545-546).
V. rondoniensis (Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 230, originally in Pamphobeteus, T here by Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245, f, Brazil) -- Bertani, 2001: 309 (but see Schmidt, 1999a: 13, f. 3; 2003l: 195, f. 547).
V. tetracanthus (Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 238, originally in Pamphobeteus, T here by Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245, f, Brazil) -- Bertani, 2001: 309 (see also Schmidt, 2003l: 195, f. 551-552).

mf buecherli Bertani, 2001....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039199]
Pamphobeteus cesteri Schmidt, 1986: 59, f. 95 (m, misidentified).
V. b. Bertani, 2001: 307, f. 22, 121-124, 187-188 (Dmf).
V. b. Schmidt, 2003l: 193, f. 530-532 (mf).
V. b. Peters, 2003: 305, f. 1203, 1206-1207 (mf).
V. b. Peters, 2005b: 118, f. 370-375 (mf).

mf dubius (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039200]
Pterinopelma dubium Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 188 (Dm).
Pamphobeteus cesteri Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 236 (Df).
Pamphobeteus cucullatus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 237 (Df).
Pamphobeteus exsul Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 240 (Df; nomen dubium per Bertani, 2001: 310).
Pamphobeteus piracicabensis Piza, 1933a: 119 (D).
Pamphobeteus communis Piza, 1939a: 6, f. 7-9 (Dm).
Pamphobeteus urbanicolus Soares, 1941: 265, f. 6-7 (Df).
Pamphobeteus ypiranguensis Soares, 1941: 268, f. 8-12 (Dm).
Pamphobeteus mus Piza, 1944: 274, pl. 2 (Df).
Pamphobeteus cesteri Bücherl, 1947a: 258 (S).
Eurypelma dubium Bücherl, 1957: 393, f. 43-43a (m).
Pamphobeteus cesteri Bücherl, 1957: 402, f. 84 (m).
Pamphobeteus tetracanthus Bücherl, 1957: 403, f. 89-89a (m, misidentified).
Eurypelma dubium Schmidt, 1986: 50, f. 59-60 (m).
Pamphobeteus tetracanthus Schmidt, 1986: 59, f. 100-101 (m, misidentified).
V. cesteri Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245 (Tmf from Pamphobeteus).
Aphonopelma dubium Schmidt, 1993d: 78, f. 176-177 (m).
V. tetracanthus Schmidt, 1993d: 100, f. 303-304 (m, misidentified).
V. cesteri Schmidt, 1993d: 98, f. 306 (m).
V. tetracanthus Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 226, 231 (m, misidentified).
V. cesteri Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 228 (m).
V. tetracanthus Schmidt, 1999f: 15, f. 37 (m, misidentified).
V. cesteri Peters, 2000b: 130, f. 379 (m).
V. tetracanthus Peters, 2000b: 135, f. 403-404 (m).
V. tetracanthus Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 4 (m, misidentified).
V. d. Bertani, 2001: 298, f. 10-11, 23, 91-100, 182-183 (removed m from S of V. wacketi, contra Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 129, sub Pterinopelma, Sf).
V. d. Schmidt, 2003l: 193, f. 533-535 (mf).
V. d. Peters, 2003: 306, f. 1209, 1213-1214 (mf).
V. d. Peters, 2005b: 119, f. 376-381 (mf).

mf longisternalis Bertani, 2001....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039201]
V. l. Bertani, 2001: 297, f. 21, 87-90, 181 (Dmf).
V. l. Schmidt, 2003l: 193, f. 536-538 (mf).
V. l. Peters, 2003: 307, f. 1215, 1218-1219 (mf).
V. l. Peters, 2005b: 120, f. 382-387 (mf).

mf lucasae Bertani, 2001....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039202]
V. l. Bertani, 2001: 308, f. 125-128 (Dmf).
V. l. Schmidt, 2003l: 193, f. 539-541 (mf).
V. l. Schmidt, 2007c: 100, f. 6 (f).

mf nondescriptus (Mello-Leitão, 1926)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002028]
Hapalopus n. Mello-Leitão, 1926a: 319, f. 7-8 (Dm).
Cyclosternum melloleitaoi Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 125, f. 29-31 (Dm; N.B.: omitted by Brignoli; according to Silva-Moreira et al., 2010: this name was based on the holotype of Hapalopus nondescriptus, and is therefore a junior synonym of that name, but Silva-Moreira et al., 2010 provided no evidence justifying a placement of the species in either genus) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001941].
V. n. Bertani, Nagahama & Fukushima, 2012: 468, f. 1-11 (Tm from Hapalopus, Df, S).

mf paranaensis Bertani, 2001....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039203]
V. p. Bertani, 2001: 306, f. 117-120, 186 (Dmf).
V. p. Schmidt, 2003l: 193, f. 542-544 (mf).
V. p. Peters, 2003: 308, f. 1222, 1224-1225 (mf).

mf roseus (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002502]
Pamphobeteus r. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 232 (Df).
Pamphobeteus r. Bücherl, 1947a: 257 (S).
Pamphobeteus r. Bücherl, 1957: 403, f. 87 (m).
Pamphobeteus r. Schmidt, 1986: 59, f. 97 (m).
V. r. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245 (Tmf from Pamphobeteus).
V. r. Schmidt, 1993d: 100, f. 305 (m).
V. r. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 227 (m).
V. r. Schmidt, 1998d: 5, f. 2 (f).
V. r. Schmidt, 1999f: 10, f. 36, 38 (mf).
V. r. Peters, 2000b: 133, f. 393-394 (mf).
V. r. Bertani, 2001: 305, f. 112-116, 185 (mf).
V. r. Schmidt, 2003l: 195, f. 548-550 (mf).
V. r. Peters, 2003: 309, f. 1228-1231, 1233-1234 (mf).

mf sorocabae (Mello-Leitão, 1923) *....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:002503]
Pamphobeteus s. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 233 (Df).
Pamphobeteus melanocephalus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 234 (Df).
Pamphobeteus s. Bücherl, 1947a: 257 (Sm).
Pamphobeteus s. Bücherl, 1957: 403, f. 88-88a (m).
Pamphobeteus s. Schmidt, 1986: 59, f. 98-99 (m).
V. s. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 243, f. 1-3 (Tmf from Pamphobeteus).
V. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 100, f. 308-309 (m).
V. s. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 59, f. 49-50 (mf).
V. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 230, 232-233 (mf).
V. s. Peters, 2000b: 134, f. 397-399 (mf).
V. s. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 33-34 (m).
V. s. Bertani, 2001: 292, f. 17, 74-82, 178 (mf).
V. s. Schmidt, 2003l: 140, f. 227, 229-230 (mf).
V. s. Peters, 2003: 310, f. 1236-1239, 1241-1242 (mf).

mf vellutinus (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039204]
Pterinopelma vellutinum Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 186, f. 112-113 (Dm).
Pamphobeteus cephalopheus Piza, 1944: 273, pl. 1 (Df).
Pamphobeteus cephalopeus Brignoli, 1983c: 133, 139 (lapsus).
V. v. Bertani, 2001: 302, f. 101-111, 184 (removed m from S of V. wacketi, contra Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 129, sub Pterinopelma, Sf).
V. v. Schmidt, 2003l: 195, f. 553-554 (mf).
V. v. Peters, 2003: 311, f. 1243, 1246-1248 (mf).
V. v. Peters, 2005b: 121, f. 388-393 (mf).

mf wacketi (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:001781]
Pterinopelma w. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 185, f. 114-115 (Dm).
Pamphobeteus insularis Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 241 (Df).
Pamphobeteus masculus Piza, 1939a: 6, f. 4-6 (Dm).
Pamphobeteus platyomma Bücherl, 1949a: 126, pl. II (m, misidentified).
Pamphobeteus platyomma Bücherl, 1957: 403, f. 86 (m, misidentified).
Pterinopelma w. Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 129 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia, erroneous S of V. dubius and V. vellutinus).
Pamphobeteus litoralis Piza, 1976b: 56 (Dm).
Pamphobeteus platyomma Schmidt, 1986: 59, f. 96 (m, misidentified).
V. platyomma Schmidt, 1993d: 100, f. 307 (m, misidentified).
Aphonopelma w. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 176, 183 (m).
V. platyomma Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 229 (m, misidentified).
V. platyomma Schmidt, 1998d: 5, f. 3 (f, misidentified).
V. platyomma Peters, 2000b: 132, f. 388-389 (mf, misidentified).
V. w. Bertani, 2001: 294, f. 16, 83-86, 179-180 (Tm from Aphonopelma, Sf).
V. w. Schmidt, 2003l: 195, f. 555-557 (mf).
V. w. Peters, 2003: 312, f. 1250-1252, 1258-1260 (mf).