The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: THOMISIDAE

Gen. Xysticus C. L. Koch, 1835 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02786]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Psammitis Menge, 1868 by Ono, 1988c: 78, contra Ono, 1978b: 285-286 and especially Wunderlich, 1987a: 253, who placed the subgenus Proxysticus Dalmas, 1922 (treated as a genus by some authors, e.g., Jézéquel, 1964c) as a junior synonym of Psammitis Menge, 1868 and considered the latter a separate genus; Wunderlich's (1992a: 495) resurrection of Proxysticus is not followed by Wunderlich, 1995F or here (see also Lehtinen, 2002: 320, 322 and Jantscher, 2002: 331).

Transferred to other genera:
X. coronatus (Grube, 1861) -- see Lysiteles.
X. cruentatus L. Koch, 1874 -- see Diaea.
X. daemeli L. Koch, 1874 -- see Diaea.
X. hainanus Song, 1994 -- see Sinothomisus.
X. inaequalis Kulczyn'ski, 1901 -- see Ozyptila.
X. inornatus L. Koch, 1876 -- see Diaea.
X. japonicus (Simon, 1886) -- see Bassaniana.
X. kansuensis Tang, Song & Zhu, 1995 -- see Ozyptila.
X. mandali Tikader, 1966 -- see Lysiteles.
X. melancholicus (Simon, 1880) -- see Coriarachne.
X. minimus Schenkel, 1953 -- see Lysiteles.
X. minutus Tikader, 1960 -- see Indoxysticus.
X. pavesii O. P.-Cambridge, 1873 -- see Ebrechtella.
X. pichoni Schenkel, 1963 -- see Bassaniana.
X. pilula L. Koch, 1867 -- see Diaea.
X. polonicus Taczanowski, 1867 -- see Tmarus.
X. sapporensis Saito, 1934 -- see Lysiteles.

In synonymy:
X. acerboides Schenkel, 1963 = X. pseudobliteus (Simon, 1880) (Song & Hubert, 1983: 10, sub Ozuptila).
X. afghanus Roewer, 1962 = X. loeffleri Roewer, 1955 (Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 156).
X. albomarginatus Tang & Song, 1988 = X. baltistanus (Caporiacco, 1935) (Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 47).
X. albovittatus Schenkel, 1938 = X. nigrotrivittatus (Simon, 1870) (Machado, 1941: xv).
X. amuricus Seyfulina & Mikhailov, 2004 = X. ferruginoides Schenkel, 1963 (Seyfulina, 2006: 276).
X. arizonicus Gertsch, 1939 = X. lutzi Gertsch, 1935 (Gertsch, in Schick, 1965: 156).
X. asiaticus Nosek, 1905 = X. luctator L. Koch, 1870 (Wunderlich, 1995F: 758).
X. augur Strand, 1900 = X. cristatus (Clerck, 1757) (Tambs-Lyche, 1942: 112).
X. austerus L. Koch, 1879 = X. obscurus Collett, 1877 (Holm, 1973: 106).
X. bifidus Paik, 1973 = X. hedini Schenkel, 1936 (Marusik, 1989b: 51).
X. bifurcus Paik, 1973 = X. insulicola Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 (Ono, 1988c: 102; m only, f = X. concretus).
X. bonneti Schenkel, 1963 = X. pseudobliteus (Simon, 1880) (Song & Hubert, 1983: 10, sub Ozyptila).
X. calenzanae Kraus, 1955 = X. kochi Thorell, 1872 (Wunderlich, 1995F: 758).
X. cambridgei (Blackwall, 1859) = X. sabulosus (Hahn, 1832) (Locket & Millidge, 1951: 185, ignored by Roewer, after O. P.-Cambridge, 1900, for f holotype only, not m of O. P.-Cambridge, 1870, = X. luctator).
X. chaffanjoni Schenkel, 1963 = X. pseudobliteus (Simon, 1880) (Song & Hubert, 1983: 10, sub Ozyptila).
X. challengeri Denis, 1941 = X. squalidus Simon, 1883 (Wunderlich, 1987a: 254).
X. coreanus (Paik, 1974, T from Ozyptila) = X. pseudobliteus (Simon, 1880) (Zhang, 1987: 208).
X. crassus Tyschchenko, 1965 = X. pseudobliteus (Simon, 1880) (Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 139, sub Ozyptila).
X. dichotomus Paik, 1973 = X. concretus Utochkin, 1968 (Marusik & Logunov, 1996: 133).
X. dissimilis Zhu & Wang, 1963 = X. emertoni Keyserling, 1880 (Tang & Song, 1988c: 137, sub X. excellens).
X. dondalei Marusik, 1988 = X. baltistanus (Caporiacco, 1935) (Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 47).
X. embriki Kolosváry, 1935 = X. marmoratus Thorell, 1875 (Bosmans et al., 2013: 9).
X. excellens Kulczyn'ski, 1885 = X. emertoni Keyserling, 1880 (Holm, 1973: 106).
X. furcillifer Schenkel, 1936 = X. xysticiformis (Caporiacco, 1935) (Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 161).
X. gymnocephalus Strand, 1915 = X. marmoratus Thorell, 1875 (Bosmans et al., 2013: 9).
X. jacuticus Utochkin, 1968 = X. vachoni Schenkel, 1963 (Marusik, 1989a: 143).
X. jezequeli Karol, 1966 = X. marmoratus Thorell, 1875 (Assi, 1986: 45, sub X. gymnocephalus).
X. johannislupi Denis, 1952 = X. bonneti Denis, 1938 (Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 482).
X. kiritschenkoi Utochkin, 1968 = X. dzhungaricus Tyschchenko, 1965 (Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 153).
X. knowltoni Gertsch, 1939 = X. nevadensis (Keyserling, 1880) (Dondale & Redner, 1975a: 134).
X. lectus Utochkin, 1968 = X. britcheri Gertsch, 1934 (Marusik, 1989a: 143).
X. leechi Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965 = X. keyserlingi Bryant, 1930 (Reeves et al., 1984: 224).
X. lesserti Schenkel, 1963 = X. kurilensis Strand, 1907 (Song & Zhu, 1997: 93).
X. lucasi Schmidt, 1968 = X. verneaui Simon, 1883 (Wunderlich, 1992a: 503).
X. lutulentus Gertsch, 1934 = X. luctuosus (Blackwall, 1836) (Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1257).
X. maderianus Kulczyn'ski, 1899 = X. verneaui Simon, 1883 (Wunderlich, 1992a: 503).
X. malkini Gertsch, 1953 = X. locuples Keyserling, 1880 (Schick, 1965: 148).
X. montanus Nosek, 1905 = X. kochi Thorell, 1872 (Wunderlich, 1995F: 757).
X. nicholsi Gertsch, 1939 = X. triangulosus Emerton, 1894 (Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1261).
X. norvegicus Strand, 1900 = X. bifasciatus C. L. Koch, 1837 (Tambs-Lyche, 1942: 111).
X. noseki Roewer, 1951 = X. kochi Thorell, 1872 (Wunderlich, 1995F: 758).
X. obtusfurcus Tang & Song, 1988 = X. soldatovi Utochkin, 1968 (Logunov & Marusik, 1994b: 194).
X. orientalis Nosek, 1905 = X. laetus Thorell, 1875 (Logunov, 2006: 62, contra Wunderlich, 1995F: 759, sub Psammitis).
X. oromii Schmidt, 1975 = X. squalidus Simon, 1883 (Wunderlich, 1987a: 254).
X. ovatus crassihamatus Denis, 1951 = X. ovatus Simon, 1876 (Bosmans & Jacobs, 1985: 122).
X. pelini Karol, 1968 = X. thessalicus Simon, 1916 (Wunderlich, 1995F: 752).
X. piceanus Hu & Wu, 1989 = X. dzhungaricus Tyschchenko, 1965 (Marusik, 1992: 95).
X. pseudobifasciatus Schenkel, 1936 = X. ephippiatus Simon, 1880 (Marusik, 1989b: 50).
X. quinquepunctatus Keyserling, 1880 = X. cunctator Thorell, 1877 (Schick, 1965: 159).
X. schenkeli Marusik, 1989 = X. pseudobliteus (Simon, 1880) (new synonymy, see below).
X. sebastianus Strand, 1911 = X. verneaui Simon, 1883 (Wunderlich, 1992a: 503).
X. sexangulatus Strand, 1900 = X. cristatus (Clerck, 1757) (Tambs-Lyche, 1942: 113).
X. similis Kulczyn'ski, 1911 = X. ferus O. P.-Cambridge, 1876 (Levy, 1976: 10).
X. sislii Karol, 1966 = X. thessalicus Simon, 1916 (Wunderlich, 1995F: 752).
X. sujatai Tikader, 1962 = X. croceus Fox, 1937 (Ono, 1988c: 89).
X. szetschuanensis Schenkel, 1963 = X. sicus Fox, 1937 (Tang & Song, 1988c: 139).
X. transsibiricus Utochkin, 1968 = X. ephippiatus Simon, 1880 (Ono, 1988c: 93).
X. tristiculus Thorell, 1875 = X. bliteus (Simon, 1875) (Wunderlich, 1995F: 759, sub Psammitis).
X. tunicatus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 (removed from S of X. saganus) = X. ephippiatus Simon, 1880 (Ono, 1988c: 93, contra Yaginuma, 1966d: 36).
X. turanicus Charitonov, 1969 = X. loeffleri Roewer, 1955 (Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 156).
X. turcicus Karol, 1966 = X. thessalicus Simon, 1916 (Wunderlich, 1995F: 752).
X. umbrinus Utochkin, 1968 = X. spasskyi Utochkin, 1968 (Ovtsharenko, 1979: 40).
X. uncatus Thorell, 1875 = X. lanio C. L. Koch, 1835 (Wunderlich, 1995F: 756).

Homonyms replaced:
X. bicolor (Keyserling, 1884) -- see X. alboniger.
X. laticeps Schenkel, 1963 -- see X. gobiensis.
X. obscurus Hu & Wu, 1989 -- see X. hui.
X. obscurus (Keyserling, 1880) -- see X. ellipticus.

Nomina dubia:
X. absconditus (Menge, 1876: 450, pl. 75, f. 255, mf, Germany, originally in Psammitis, T here by Simon, 1932: 879) -- Prószyn'ski & Starega, 1971: 247.
X. aequalis Franganillo, 1926b: 77 (f, Spain) -- Urones, 1996: 34.
X. cetrariae Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 385, pl. 7, f. 92 (m, Japan) -- Ono, 1988c: 209.
X. maculosus (Walckenaer, 1837: 518, originally in Thomisus, T here by Simon, 1864: 428) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1709.
X. mojensis Strand, 1907k: 206 (f, Japan) -- Ono, 1988c: 209.
X. pigerius Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 311, replacement name for Thomisus piger Hentz, 1847: 446, USA, preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1802, T here by Banks, 1910: 48) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1690.
X. umbratilis (Blackwall, 1852b: 95, Switzerland, originally in Thomisus, T here by Pavesi, 1875: 278) -- Lessert, 1910b: 600.
X. varius (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 303, mf, Israel, originally in Thomisus, T here by Simon, 1875a: 200) -- Levy, 1976: 4.

Nomina nuda:
X. pulcher Franganillo, 1920: 143 (Urones, 1996).
X. trizonatus Kishida, in Annen, 1941 (Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 608)

m abditus Logunov, 2006....................Bulgaria, Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040759]
X. a. Logunov, 2006: 59, f. 3-4 (Dm).

mf abramovi Marusik & Logunov, 1995....................Turkey, Tajikistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031775]
X. a. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 146, f. 21-23 (Dm).
X. a. Demir, Aktas & Topçu, 2010b: 253, f. 1A-B, 2A-C, 3A-B (m, Df).

mf acerbus Thorell, 1872....................Europe to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031776]
X. a. Thorell, 1872a: 237 (Dmf).
X. a. Simon, 1875a: 186.
X. a. Becker, 1882b: 181, pl. 17, f. 3 (mf).
X. a. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 96, pl. 3, f. 31 (mf).
X. a. Bösenberg, 1902: 349, pl. 33, f. 515 (mf).
X. a. Simon, 1932: 832, 880, f. 1253-1254, 1257 (mf).
X. a. Millidge & Locket, 1952: 61, f. 3a-b (m).
X. a. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 413, f. 247A-B (m).
X. a. Utochkin, 1968: 17, f. 85-88 (mf).
X. a. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1969: 80, pl. I, f. 9 (m).
X. a. Miller, 1971: 122, pl. XV, f. 22-23 (mf).
X. a. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 22, f. 11B (f).
X. a. Hidalgo, 1983: 363, f. 1G (f).
X. a. Roberts, 1985: 102, f. 41a (mf).
X. a. van Helsdingen, 1986b: 88, f. 2, 4, 6, 8 (mf).
X. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 480, f. 1268 (mf).
X. a. Roberts, 1995: 163, f. (mf).
X. a. Mcheidze, 1997: 160, f. 283-286 (mf).
X. a. Roberts, 1998: 173, f. (mf).

f acerbus obscurior Kulczyn'ski, 1895....................Ukraine [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031777]
X. a. o. Kulczyn'ski, 1895a: 26 (Df).

mf acquiescens Emerton, 1919....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031778]
X. a. Emerton, 1919a: 107, pl. 7, f. 1a, 15 (Dm).
X. a. Gertsch, 1939b: 376, f. 172, 184-185 (m, Df).
X. a. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1241, f. 13, 16, 95, 98 (mf).
X. a. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 199, f. 602-605 (mf).

f advectus O. P.-Cambridge, 1890....................Guatemala, Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031779]
X. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1890a: 71, pl. 9, f. 12 (Df).

f adzharicus Mcheidze, 1971....................Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031780]
X. a. Mcheidze, 1971b: 713, f. 1-2 (Df).
X. adscharicus Mcheidze, 1997: 165, f. 312-313 (f).

f aethiopicus L. Koch, 1875....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031781]
X. a. L. Koch, 1875b: 65, pl. 6, f. 5 (Df).

mf albertensis Dondale, 2008....................Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041986]
X. a. Dondale, 2008: 602, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

mf albidus Grese, 1909....................Northern Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031782]
X. a. Grese, 1909: 328, pl. 7, f. 6-7 (Dmf).
X. a. Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 22, pl. 1, f. 36-37, pl. 2, f. 38-39 (mf).
X. labradorensis Utochkin, 1968: 20 (S, rejected).
X. a. Ono, 1988c: 87, f. 75-77 (f).
X. a. Marusik, 1989a: 141, pl. 1, f. 3-5 (m).
X. labradorensis Utochkin, 1989: 15 (S, after Utochkin, 1968: 20, not accepted here because of palpal differences figured by Marusik).
X. labradorensis Izmailova, 1989: 144, f. 138 (m).
X. a. Almquist, 2006: 499, f. 422a-f (mf).

f albolimbatus Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038196]
X. albolimbata Hu, 2001: 349, f. 211.1-3 (Df).

mf albomaculatus Kulczyn'ski, 1891....................Germany to Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031783]
X. a. Kulczyn'ski, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 94 (Dmf).
X. a. Bösenberg, 1902: 352, pl. 33, f. 520 (mf).
X. a. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1969: 80, pl. I, f. 6 (f).

mf alboniger Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031784]
Synaema bicolor Keyserling, 1884b: 667, pl. 21, f. 16 (Df; preoccupied in X. by L. Koch, 1867).
X. inornatus Emerton, 1892: 366, pl. 29, f. 5 (Df; preoccupied by L. Koch, 1876).
Synema bicolor Dahl, 1907a: 379.
Synema bicolor Comstock, 1912: 541.
Synema bicolor Gertsch, 1939b: 337, f. 82-83, 92 (f, Dm).
Synema bicolor Kaston, 1948: 417, f. 1515-1516 (mf).
X. a. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1259, f. 72, 75, 149, 152 (Tmf from Synema, replacement name).
X. a. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 223, f. 677-680 (mf).
X. a. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 231, f. 2586-2589 (mf).

f aletaiensis Hu & Wu, 1989....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031785]
X. a. Hu & Wu, 1989: 342, f. 272.1-3 (Df).
X. a. Song & Zhu, 1997: 70, f. 40A-C (f).
X. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 501, f. 284I (f).

mf alpicola Kulczyn'ski, 1882....................Czech Rep., Slovakia, Poland, Ukraine [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031786]
X. a. Kulczyn'ski, 1882b: 36, pl. 3, f. 23 (Dm).
X. a. Kulczyn'ski, 1909b: 679, pl. 26, f. 21 (Df).

f alpinistus Ono, 1978....................Nepal, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031787]
X. a. Ono, 1978b: 279, f. 42-57, 74-77 (Df).
X. a. Hu & Li, 1987b: 320, f. 43.1-3 (f).
X. a. Song & Zhu, 1997: 71, f. 41A-B (f).
X. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 501, f. 284J (f).
X. a. Hu, 2001: 351, f. 212.1-3 (f).

mf alsus Song & Wang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031788]
X. a. Song & Wang, 1994: 46, f. 1A-F (Dmf).
X. a. Song & Zhu, 1997: 72, f. 42A-D (mf).
X. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 501, f. 284K, P (mf).

f altaicus Simon, 1895....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031789]
X. a. Simon, 1895c: 338 (Df).

f altitudinis Levy, 1976....................Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031790]
X. a. Levy, 1976: 31, f. 55-56 (Df).
X. a. Levy, 1985b: 101, f. 160-161 (f).

mf ampullatus Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031791]
X. a. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1241, f. 12, 15, 94, 97, 171 (Dmf).
X. a. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 198, f. 597-601 (mf).
X. a. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 231, f. 2590-2593 (mf).

m anatolicus Demir, Aktas & Topçu, 2008....................Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041802]
X. a. Demir, Aktas & Topçu, 2008b: 288, f. 1-4 (Dm).

mf apachecus Gertsch, 1933....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031792]
X. a. Gertsch, 1933a: 22, f. 24 (Df).
X. a. Gertsch, 1939b: 356, f. 144-145, 174 (f, Dm).
X. a. Schick, 1965: 150, f. 209 (m).

f apalacheus Gertsch, 1953....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031793]
X. a. Gertsch, 1953: 428, f. 24 (Df).

f apertus Banks, 1898....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031794]
X. a. Banks, 1898b: 259, pl. 16, f. 7 (Df).

m apricus L. Koch, 1876....................Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031795]
X. a. L. Koch, 1876b: 337 (Dm).
X. a. Thaler, 1981c: 122, f. 45 (m).

mf aprilinus Bryant, 1930....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031796]
X. a. Bryant, 1930a: 132, pl. 7, f. 4 (Df).
X. a. Gertsch, 1939b: 381, f. 204-205 (f, Dm).
X. a. Schick, 1965: 156, f. 217-219 (mf).

f arenarius Thorell, 1875....................Ukraine [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031797]
X. a. Thorell, 1875b: 91 (Df).
X. a. Thorell, 1875c: 136 (Df).

f arenicola Simon, 1875....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031798]
X. a. Simon, 1875a: 194 (Df).

mf argenteus Jézéquel, 1966....................Ivory Coast [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031799]
X. a. Jézéquel, 1966: 618, f. 6-7 (Dmf).

f asper (Lucas, 1838)....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031800]
Thomisus a. Lucas, 1838: 32, pl. 7, f. 1 (Df).
X. a. Reimoser, 1919: 203.

mf atevs Ovtsharenko, 1979....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031801]
X. a. Ovtsharenko, 1979: 40, f. 5-6, 20 (Dmf).

mf atrimaculatus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031802]
X. lateralis a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 264, pl. 13, f. 306 (Df).
X. audax a. Roewer, 1955c: 896.
X. lateralis a. Yaginuma, 1960: 97, f. 84 (f).
X. lateralis a. Namkung, 1964: 44, f. 41 (f).
X. a. Yaginuma, 1966d: 36 (elevated from subspecies of X. audax).
X. lateralis a. Yaginuma, 1971: 97, f. 84 (f).
X. a. Paik, 1975: 174, f. 1-5 (f).
X. a. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 75, f. 62 (f).
X. a. Ono, 1985a: 35, f. 44-47 (f).
X. a. Zhu et al., 1985: 192, f. 174a-c (f).
X. a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 202, f. 112.5 (f).
X. a. Ono, 1988c: 98-100 (includes f of X. bifurcus, rejected).
X. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 145, f. 30 (f).
X. a. Chen & Gao, 1990: 174, f. 220 (f).
X. a. Ono, 2009a: 513, f. 158-161 (f, Dm).

mf auctificus Keyserling, 1880....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031803]
X. a. Keyserling, 1880: 25, pl. 1, f. 10 (Dm).
X. maculatus Keyserling, 1880: 45, pl. 1, f. 22 (Df).
X. trimaculatus Bryant, 1933a: 179, pl. 2, f. 12-13 (Dm).
X. a. Gertsch, 1939b: 361, f. 176-177, 188 (mf).
X. a. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1246, f. 31, 34, 113, 116 (mf).
X. a. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 188, f. 571-574 (mf).
X. a. Breene et al., 1993: 80, f. 84A-B (mf).

mf audax (Schrank, 1803) *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031804]
Aranea a. Schrank, 1803: 235 (D).
Thomisus pini Hahn, 1831b: 1, pl. 2, f. C (Df).
Thomisus lateralis Hahn, 1831b: 1, pl. 21, f. B (Df).
Thomisus pini Hahn, 1832: 26, f. 23 (Dm).
Thomisus lateralis Hahn, 1832: 40, f. 31 (Dmf).
X. a. C. L. Koch, 1835: 129. f. 16-17 (mf).
X. mordax C. L. Koch, 1835: 130, pl. 19-20 (Dmf).
Xysticus cinereus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 63, f. 290 (Df).
Thomisus cinereus C. L. Koch, 1837b: 26 (D).
X. a. C. L. Koch, 1845: 74, f. 1005-1008 (Dmf).
X. pini C. L. Koch, 1850: 39.
X. pini Thorell, 1856: 111.
Thomisus a. Blackwall, 1861a: 70, pl. 4, f. 39 (mf).
X. pini Thorell, 1872a: 236.
X. pini Simon, 1875a: 164, pl. 7, f. 14 (mf).
X. pini Menge, 1876: 443, pl. 74, f. 250 (mf).
X. pini Becker, 1882b: 167, pl. 15, f. 4 (mf).
X. pini Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 93, pl. 3, f. 21 (mf).
X. pini Bösenberg, 1902: 345, pl. 32, f. 508 (mf).
X. lateralis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 264, pl. 13, f. 306 (f).
X. pini Simon, 1932: 816, 828, 874, f. 1215, 1244 (mf).
X. a. Tullgren, 1944: 89, pl. 11, f. 162-169 (mf).
X. a. Silhavy, 1944: 91, f. 3 (m).
X. a. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 179, f. 90B (mf).
X. a. Buchar & Zdárek, 1960: 91, f. 7B (f; legend as X. pini).
X. a. Utochkin, 1968: 7, f. 7-11 (mf).
X. a. Vilbaste, 1969: 47, f. 39 (m).
X. a. Miller, 1971: 119, pl. XIV, f. 21 (m).
X. a. Braendegaard, 1972: 62, f. 32-33 (mf).
X. a. Palmgren, 1983: 204, f. 3c, 4c-d, f (mf).
X. a. Roberts, 1985: 100, f. 39b (mf).
X. a. Ono, 1988c: 117, f. 121-126 (mf).
X. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 145, f. 32 (mf).
X. a. Izmailova, 1989: 139, f. 129 (f).
X. a. Ono, Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 10, f. 23-24 (f).
X. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 478, f. 1257 (mf).
X. a. Baldacchino et al., 1993: 50, f. 6c-d (m).
X. a. Roberts, 1995: 159, f. (mf).
X. a. Mcheidze, 1997: 184, f. 247-249 (mf).
X. a. Roberts, 1998: 167, f. (mf).
X. a. Jantscher, 2001: 17, f. 3-4, 10, 16-18, 25-27 (mf).
X. a. Azarkina & Logunov, 2001: 139, f. 20-31, 34-35 (mf).
X. a. Almquist, 2006: 499, f. 423a-l (mf).
X. a. Ono, 2009a: 517, f. 196-201 (mf).

m audax massanicus Simon, 1932....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031805]
X. a. m. Simon, 1932: 816, 875 (Dm).

f audaxoides Zhang, Zhang & Song, 2004....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039041]
X. a. Zhang, Zhang & Song, 2004: 74, f. 1A-C (Df).

mf austrosibiricus Logunov & Marusik, 1998....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031806]
X. a. Logunov & Marusik, 1998: 103, f. 3-4, 9-10 (Dmf).

f autumnalis L. Koch, 1875....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031807]
X. a. L. Koch, 1875a: 609, pl. 48, f. 3 (Df).

m aztecus Gertsch, 1953....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031808]
X. a. Gertsch, 1953: 455, f. 59 (Dm).

mf bacurianensis Mcheidze, 1971....................Turkey, Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031809]
X. b. Mcheidze, 1971b: 714, f. 3-4 (Df).
X. b. Ovtsharenko, 1979: 41, f. 2, 4, 16-17 (f, Dm).
X. b. Mcheidze, 1997: 164, f. 309-310 (f).
X. b. Logunov & Demir, 2006: 41, f. 1-6 (mf).

m bakanas Marusik & Logunov, 1990....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031810]
X. b. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 35, f. 10-11 (Dm).

mf baltistanus (Caporiacco, 1935)....................Russia, Central Asia, Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031811]
Oxyptila baltistana Caporiacco, 1935b: 186, pl. 4, f. 7 (Dmf).
X. albomarginatus Tang & Song, 1988a: 250, f. 18-20 (Dm).
X. dondalei Marusik, 1988a: 1480, f. 7.1-7 (Dmf).
X. b. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 47 (Tmf from Ozyptila, S).
X. albomarginatus Song & Zhu, 1997: 68, f. 39A-C (m).
X. albomarginatus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 501, f. 284O (m).
X. albomarginatus Hu, 2001: 352, f. 213.1-3 (m).
X. albomarginatus Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 412, f. 272A-C (m).
X. b. Marusik, Fritzén & Song, 2007: 273, f. 59-60 (m).
X. b. Fomichev, Marusik & Koponen, 2014: 129, f. 4, 7-8, 12-14, 19-20 (mf).

mf banksi Bryant, 1933....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031812]
X. pallidus Bryant, 1930a: 138, pl. 8, f. 11-12, 14 (Dmf, preoccupied).
X. b. Bryant, 1933a: 178 (replacement name).
X. b. Gertsch, 1939b: 388, f. 216-217, 229 (mf).
X. b. Kaston, 1948: 428, f. 1555-1556 (mf).
X. b. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1252, f. 50, 53, 132, 135 (mf).
X. b. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 215, f. 649-652 (mf).
X. b. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 231, f. 2594-2597 (mf).

j barbatus Caporiacco, 1936....................Libya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031813]
X. b. Caporiacco, 1936a: 115 (Dj).

mf benefactor Keyserling, 1880....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031814]
X. b. Keyserling, 1880: 22, pl. 1, f. 8 (Dmf).
X. vernilis Keyserling, 1881c: 304, pl. 11, f. 23 (Df).
X. b. Banks, 1913: 178, pl. 11, f. 18 (f).
X. b. Schick, 1965: 167, f. 243, 245-246 (mf).
X. b. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1258, f. 67, 70, 144, 147 (mf).
X. b. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 225, f. 681-684 (mf).
X. b. Redner & Dondale, 1980: 933, f. 2, 4 (f).

mf bengalensis Tikader & Biswas, 1974....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031815]
X. b. Tikader & Biswas, 1974: 262, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
X. b. Tikader, 1980a: 127, f. 178-181 (mf).
X. b. Gajbe, 2007: 446, f. 47-49 (mf).

f bengdakus Saha & Raychaudhuri, 2007....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041597]
X. b. Saha & Raychaudhuri, 2007d: 62, f. 16-20 (Df).

j beni Strand, 1913....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031816]
X. b. Strand, 1913a: 395 (Dj).

f berlandi Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031817]
X. b. Schenkel, 1963: 207, f. 117a-c (Df).

mf bermani Marusik, 1994....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031818]
X. b. Marusik, in Logunov & Marusik, 1994b: 195, f. 16-17, 19 (Dmf).

mf bharatae Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038197]
X. b. Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999d: 148, f. 4-7 (Dmf).
X. b. Gajbe, 2004a: 128, f. 168-171 (mf).

m bicolor L. Koch, 1867....................Greece [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031819]
X. b. L. Koch, 1867c: 867 (Dm).
Psammitis b. Wunderlich, 1995F: 760, f. 41-42 (m).

mf bicuspis Keyserling, 1887....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031820]
X. b. Keyserling, 1887b: 478, pl. 6, f. 38 (Dm).
X. graminis Emerton, 1892: 364, pl. 29, f. 2 (Dmf).
X. b. Gertsch, 1939b: 377, f. 152-153, 189 (mf).
X. graminis Chickering, 1940a: 213, f. 43-45 (mf).
X. b. Gertsch, 1953: 438.
X. b. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1240, f. 8, 11, 90, 93 (mf).
X. b. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 196, f. 593-596 (mf).

mf bifasciatus C. L. Koch, 1837....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031821]
X. b. C. L. Koch, 1837a: 59, f. 286-288 (Dmf).
X. b. C. L. Koch, 1837b: 26 (D).
Thomisus b. Blackwall, 1843: 122.
X. lanio C. L. Koch, 1845: 77, f. 1010-1011 (f, misidentified).
Thomisus b. Blackwall, 1861a: 79, pl. 4, f. 46 (mf).
X. lanio Prach, 1866: 612 (Dm).
X. b. Thorell, 1872a: 234.
X. b. Simon, 1875a: 173, pl. 7, f. 10 (mf).
X. b. Menge, 1876: 436, pl. 73, f. 246 (mf).
X. b. Becker, 1882b: 177, pl. 16, f. 4 (mf).
X. b. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 92, pl. 3, f. 20 (mf).
X. norvegicus Strand, 1900b: 366, f. 1 (Df).
X. norvegicus Strand, 1901a: 175, f. 1 (f).
X. b. Bösenberg, 1902: 349, pl. 33, f. 516 (mf).
X. b. Simon, 1932: 817, 822, 876, f. 1227, 1229 (mf).
X. b. Tambs-Lyche, 1942: 111 (S).
X. b. Tullgren, 1944: 82, f. 33a, pl. 10, f. 150-152 (mf).
X. b. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 183, f. 91E, 92C (mf).
X. b. Utochkin, 1968: 9, f. 1a-b, 41-44 (mf).
X. b. Azheganova, 1968: 121, f. 245, 262 (mf).
X. b. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1969: 80, pl. I, f. 4 (f).
X. b. Vilbaste, 1969: 64, f. 29A, 53A-B, 54A-B (mf).
X. b. Tyschchenko, 1971: 118, f. 279, 298 (mf).
X. b. Miller, 1971: 118, pl. XIV, f. 20, pl. XV, f. 24 (mf).
X. b. Braendegaard, 1972: 80, f. 42-43 (mf).
X. b. Ono, 1981b: 70, f. 1-2 (mf).
X. b. Roberts, 1985: 102, f. 40b (mf).
X. b. Millidge, 1988c: 259, f. 25 (m).
X. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 478, f. 1259 (mf).
X. b. Roberts, 1995: 161, f. (mf).
X. b. Roberts, 1998: 170, f. (mf).
X. b. Almquist, 2006: 502, f. 424a-f (mf).

j bilimbatus L. Koch, 1875....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031822]
X. b. L. Koch, 1875a: 607, pl. 48, f. 2 (Dj).

mf bimaculatus L. Koch, 1867....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031823]
X. b. L. Koch, 1867b: 215 (Df).
X. b. L. Koch, 1874a: 554, pl. 42, f. 6 (f).
X. b. L. Koch, 1876a: 809, pl. 70, f. 1 (Dm).

mf bliteus (Simon, 1875)....................Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031824]
Oxyptila blitea Simon, 1875a: 236, pl. 7, f. 25 (Dmf).
X. tristiculus Thorell, 1875a: 103 (Dm).
X. tristiculus Thorell, 1875c: 139 (Dm).
Oxyptila tristicula Pavesi, 1876a: 440.
Oxyptila blitea Simon, 1932: 799, 805, 871, f. 1178, 1197 (mf).
X. b. Levy, 1976: 15, f. 22-25 (Tmf from Ozyptila).
X. b. Levy, 1985b: 86, f. 127-130 (mf).
Psammitis b. Wunderlich, 1995F: 759 (S).

f boesenbergi Charitonov, 1928....................Germany [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031825]
X. concinnus Bösenberg, 1902: 353, pl. 33, f. 522 (Df, preoccupied).
X. bösenbergi Charitonov, 1928: 56 (replacement name).
X. concinnoides Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 316 (unnecessary replacement name).

mf bolivari Gertsch, 1953....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031826]
X. b. Gertsch, 1953: 438, f. 14-16 (Dmf).

mf bonneti Denis, 1938....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031827]
X. b. Denis, 1938b: 584, pl. 1, f. 6-8 (Dmf).
X. johannis-lupi Denis, 1952a: 59, f. 1 (Df).
X. b. Thaler, 1981c: 122, f. 46-49 (mf).
X. b. Marusik, 1989a: 143, pl. 2, f. 10 (m).
X. johannislupi Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 482, f. 1270 (mf, S; N.B.: used younger name without explanation).
X. johannislupi Esyunin, 1992a: 40, f. 6.1-7 (mf).

m bradti Gertsch, 1953....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031828]
X. b. Gertsch, 1953: 432, f. 5 (Dm).

f breviceps O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031829]
X. b. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 68 (Df).
X. b. Marusik, 1993b: 459, f. 4 (f).

mf brevidentatus Wunderlich, 1995....................Italy, Albania, Croatia, Yugoslavia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031830]
X. b. Wunderlich, 1995F: 754, f. 20-22 (Dm).
X. b. Jantscher, 2003: 365, f. 2-17 (m, Df).

mf britcheri Gertsch, 1934....................Russia, Alaska, Canada, USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031831]
X. b. Gertsch, 1934b: 10, f. 6 (Df).
X. b. Gertsch, 1939b: 360, f. 166 (f).
X. b. Gertsch, 1953: 429, f. 10-12 (f, Dm).
X. b. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1244, f. 25, 28, 107, 110 (mf).
X. lectus Utochkin, 1968: 33, f. 72-76 (Dmf).
X. b. Leech & Matthews, 1971: 1337, f. 4-5 (m).
X. b. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 201, f. 611-614 (mf).
X. b. Marusik, 1989a: 143 (S).
X. b. Izmailova, 1989: 139, f. 130 (f).
X. chippewa Izmailova, 1989: 140, f. 132 (f, misidentified, per Dondale, Kronestedt & Buckle, 2006: 361).
X. lectus Izmailova, 1989: 144, f. 140 (m).
X. b. Marusik & Logunov, 1996: 133, f. 11 (m).
X. b. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 231, f. 2598-2601 (mf).
X. b. Dondale, 2008: 602, f. 7, 10, 13 (mf).

f brunneitibiis Caporiacco, 1939....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031832]
X. b. Caporiacco, 1939a: 363, f. 13 (Df).

mf bufo (Dufour, 1820)....................Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031833]
Thomisus b. Dufour, 1820c: 206, pl. 76, f. 4 (Df).
Thomisus albimanus Simon, 1870b: 319 (Dm).
Thomisus albimanus Simon, 1873a: 170, pl. 3, f. 11 (m).
X. b. Thorell, 1873: 536.
Oxyptila albimana Simon, 1875a: 218, pl. 7, f. 16 (Df, not m).
Oxyptila b. Simon, 1875a: 220 (f, not m).
X. lineatus Canestrini, 1876: 215, pl. 10, f. 4 (f, misidentified).
X. fucatus Bösenberg, 1902: 354, pl. 33, f. 523 (f, misidentified).
Proxysticus b. Dalmas, 1922: 91.
Oxyptila albimana Berland, 1927b: 13, f. 6 (f).
X. albimanus Simon, 1932: 836, 838, 881, f. 1263, 1267 (mf).
Ozyptila albimana Rosca, 1968: 85, f. 13a-b (mf).
X. b. Levy, 1976: 17, f. 26-27 (m).
X. b. Levy, 1985b: 88, f. 131-132 (m).
X. b. Baldacchino et al., 1993: 50, f. 6e (m).

mf californicus Keyserling, 1880....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031834]
X. c. Keyserling, 1880: 37, pl. 1, f. 17 (Df).
X. c. Schick, 1965: 159, f. 231-234 (mf, removed from S of X. cunctator).
X. c. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1254, f. 56-57, 59, 63, 137, 140 (mf).
X. c. Jiménez & Palacios-Cardiel, 2012a: 650, f. 1d (f).

mf canadensis Gertsch, 1934....................Russia, USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031835]
Oxyptila cinerea Emerton, 1892: 366, pl. 29, f. 6 (Dmf; preoccupied by C. L. Koch, 1837, sub Xysticus).
X. cinereus Banks, 1910: 48.
X. c. Gertsch, 1934b: 5 (replacement name).
X. c. Gertsch, 1939b: 359, f. 148-149, 173 (mf).
X. c. Gertsch, 1953: 425, f. 13 (mf).
X. c. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1244, f. 24, 27, 106, 109, 169 (mf).
X. c. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 200, f. 606-610 (mf).
X. c. Marusik & Logunov, 1996: 132, f. 8-10 (mf).
X. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 232, f. 2602-2605 (mf).
X. c. Dondale, 2008: 602, f. 6, 9, 12 (mf).

mf canariensis (Wunderlich, 1987)....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031836]
Psammitis c. Wunderlich, 1987a: 255, f. 666-669 (Dmf).

m caperatoides Levy, 1976....................Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031837]
X. c. Levy, 1976: 11, f. 16-17 (Dm).
X. c. Levy, 1985b: 83, f. 121-122 (m).

mf caperatus Simon, 1875....................Mediterranean, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031838]
X. c. Simon, 1875a: 198 (Dmf).
Proxysticus c. Dalmas, 1922: 91.
X. c. Simon, 1932: 838, 881, f. 1266, 1269 (mf).
X. c. Utochkin, 1968: 23, f. 132-133 (m).
X. c. Levy, 1976: 12, f. 18-21 (mf).
X. c. Levy, 1985b: 84, f. 123-126 (mf).
X. c. Demir, Aktas & Topçu, 2009a: 102, f. 5-6 (m).

f caspicus Utochkin, 1968....................Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031839]
X. c. Utochkin, 1968: 35, f. 77-78 (Df).

f caucasius L. Koch, 1878....................Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031840]
X. c. L. Koch, 1878b: 48, pl. 1, f. 5 (Df; spelled caucasicus in legend, as above in heading and species list).

m chaparralis Schick, 1965....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031841]
X. c. Schick, 1965: 152, f. 212 (Dm).

f charitonowi Mcheidze, 1971....................Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031842]
X. c. Mcheidze, 1971b: 715, f. 5-6 (Df).
X. charitonovi Mcheidze, 1997: 164, f. 307-308 (f).

mf chippewa Gertsch, 1953....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031843]
X. acquiescens Tullgren, 1952: 157, f. 4a-b (m, misidentified).
X. c. Gertsch, 1953: 430, f. 17-20 (Dmf).
X. c. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1242, f. 14, 17, 96, 99, 170 (mf).
X. c. Vilbaste, 1969: 61, f. 51A-C, 52A-B (mf).
X. c. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 191, f. 579-584 (mf).
X. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 232, f. 2606-2609 (mf).
X. c. Dondale, Kronestedt & Buckle, 2006: 361, f. 1-2, 5-1016-17, 20-21 (mf).
X. c. Almquist, 2006: 502, f. 425a-e (mf).
X. c. Dondale, 2008: 602, f. 5, 8, 11 (mf).

mf chui Ono, 1992....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031844]
X. c. Ono, 1992a: 36, f. 1-9 (Dmf).
X. c. Song & Zhu, 1997: 73, f. 43A-F (mf).
X. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 501, f. 284L, 285I (mf).

mf clavulus (Wunderlich, 1987)....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031845]
Psammitis c. Wunderlich, 1987a: 256, f. 670-673 (Dmf).

f clercki (Audouin, 1826)....................Egypt, Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031846]
Thomisus clerckii Audouin, 1826: 398, pl. 6, f. 13 (Df).
X. c. Pavesi, 1883: 63.

f cochise Gertsch, 1953....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031847]
X. c. Gertsch, 1953: 442, f. 47 (Df).

mf coloradensis Bryant, 1930....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031848]
X. c. Bryant, 1930a: 133, pl. 7, f. 1, 3 7 (Dm, not f).
X. c. Gertsch, 1933a: 19, f. 18 (m).
X. c. Gertsch, 1939b: 380, f. 206-207 (m, not f).
X. c. Gertsch, 1953: 444, f. 33 (Df).
X. c. Schick, 1965: 157, f. 220-221 (mf).

mf concinnus Kroneberg, 1875....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031849]
X. c. Kroneberg, 1875: 34, pl. 3, f. 22 (Dm).
X. c. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 47, f. 44-47 (m, Df).

mf concretus Utochkin, 1968....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031850]
X. c. Utochkin, 1968: 30, f. 53-55 (Dm).
X. dichotomus Paik, 1973a: 111, f. 3, 11 (Dm).
X. bifurcus Paik, 1973a: 105, f. 5-6 (f, misidentified, per Kim & Lee, 2007c: 106).
X. dichotomus Ono, 1981b: 70, f. 10 (m).
X. dichotomus Ono, 1988c: 100, f. 90-91 (m).
X. dichotomus Tang & Song, 1988b: 15, f. 3U-V (m).
X. c. Marusik & Logunov, 1996: 133, f. 12-16 (m, Df, S).
X. dichotomus Song & Zhu, 1997: 78, f. 48A-B (m).
X. bifurcus Tang & Song, 1988b: 14, f. 3Q-R (f, misidentified).
X. dichotomus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 501, f. 285N (m).
X. dichotomus Kim & Gwon, 2001: 53, f. 106-107 (m).
X. c. Namkung, 2002: 551, f. 42.34a-b (m).
X. c. Namkung, 2003: 554, f. 42.34a-b (m).
X. atrimaculatus Namkung, 2003: 559, f. 42.39a (f, misidentified).
X. c. Kim & Lee, 2007c: 106, f. 1-17, 36-37 (mf).
X. c. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 251, f. 37.9, 11, 13 (mf).

mf concursus Gertsch, 1934....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031851]
X. c. Gertsch, 1934b: 9, f. 13 (Df).
X. c. Gertsch, 1939b: 381, f. 198, 208-209 (f, Dm).

mf conflatus Song, Tang & Zhu, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031852]
X. c. Song, Tang & Zhu, in Tang, Song & Zhu, 1995: 18, f. 2A-E (Dmf).
X. c. Song & Zhu, 1997: 74, f. 44A-F (mf).
X. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 501, f. 285A, J (mf).

f connectens Kulczyn'ski, 1901....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031853]
X. c. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 335, pl. 13, f. 5 (Df).

mf cor Canestrini, 1873....................Southern Europe, Azores [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031854]
X. c. Canestrini, 1873: 39 (Dm).
X. comptulus Simon, 1873c: 333, pl. 10, f. 3-5 (Dm, not f).
X. c. Canestrini, 1876: 216, pl. 10, f. 2 (m).
X. c. Simon, 1895a: 1029, f. 1083 (m).
X. c. Kulczyn'ski, 1898: 93, pl. 2, f. 69-70 (m, Df).
X. comptulus Schenkel, 1918: 88, f. 1 (m).
X. c. Simon, 1932: 814, 825, 876, f. 1212, 1237 (mf).
X. c. Denis, 1964a: 72, f. 1 (f).
X. c. Thaler & Noflatscher, 1990: 177, f. 42-45 (mf).
X. c. Demir, Aktas & Topçu, 2010a: 18, f. 1-5 (mf).

f corsicus Simon, 1875....................Corsica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031855]
X. c. Simon, 1875a: 157 (Df).
X. c. Simon, 1932: 821, 876, f. 1227 (f).

mf cribratus Simon, 1885....................Mediterranean to China, Sudan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031856]
Thomisus pilosus Walckenaer, 1837: 524 (Dmf, preoccupied).
X. c. Simon, 1885f: 15 (Dmf).
X. c. Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 35, pl. 1, f. 36-37 (m).
X. c. Simon, 1932: 837, 839, 881, f. 1264, 1270 (mf).
X. c. Millot, 1942: 58, f. 27 (f).
Ozyptila baudueri c. Kritscher, 1962: 181, pls. 1-2 (mf, T and reduced to subspecies, both rejected).
Psammitis c. Wunderlich, 1987a: 255 (Tmf, rejected).
X. c. Hu & Wu, 1989: 343, f. 273.3-4 (m).
Psammitis c. Wunderlich, 1995F: 761, f. 60-61, 64 (mf).
X. c. Mcheidze, 1997: 164, f. 311 (f).
X. c. Song & Zhu, 1997: 75, f. 45A-B (m).
X. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 501, f. 285B, K (mf).
Bassaniodes c. Lehtinen, 2002: 323, f. 11-12 (m).

m crispabilis Song & Gao, 1996....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031857]
X. c. Song & Gao, in Song et al., 1996: 107, f. 3A-C (Dm).
X. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 501, f. 288G (m).

mf cristatus (Clerck, 1757)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031858]
Araneus c. Clerck, 1757: 136, pl. 6, f. 6 (Df).
Aranea viatica Linnaeus, 1758: 623 (D).
Aranea nasuta Martini & Goeze, in Lister, 1778: 298 (D).
Aranea viatica Fabricius, 1781: 538 (D).
Aranea fasciata Fourcroy, 1785: 532 (D).
Aranea viatica Olivier, 1789: 224 (D).
Aranea horticola Olivier, 1789: 225 (D).
Aranea cristata Olivier, 1789: 226 (D).
Aranea liturata Fabricius, 1793: 416 (D).
Aranea subreptans Strack, 1810: 56 (D).
Thomisus viaticus Hahn, 1832: 35, f. 29 (mf).
Thomisus c. Sundevall, 1833a: 217 (Dmf).
Thomisus c. Blackwall, 1861a: 68, pl. 4, f. 38 (f).
X. viaticus Prach, 1866: 613, pl. 11, f. 1-2, 10-12 (mf).
X. c. Thorell, 1872a: 236.
X. jucundus Simon, 1873c: 328 (f, misidentified).
X. c. Simon, 1875a: 162, pl. 7, f. 15 (mf).
X. c. Menge, 1876: 441, pl. 73, f. 249 (mf).
Thomisus c. obscura Lebert, 1877: 259 (Df).
X. c. Becker, 1882b: 165, pl. 15, f. 3 (mf).
X. c. Hansen, 1882: 68, pl. 4, f. 16 (mf).
X. c. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 92, pl. 3, f. 20 (mf).
X. augur Strand, 1900b: 368, f. 2 (Df).
X. sexangulatus Strand, 1900b: 370, f. 3 (Df).
X. augur Strand, 1901a: 178, f. 2 (f).
X. sexangulatus Strand, 1901a: 180, f. 3 (f).
X. c. Bösenberg, 1902: 345, pl. 32, f. 509 (mf).
X. c. Charitonov, 1926c: 120, pl. 5, f. 7-8 (f).
X. viaticus Reimoser, 1929c: 88, f. 9 (mf).
X. c. Simon, 1932: 816, 828, 874, f. 1216, 1243 (mf).
X. viaticus Tullgren, 1944: 87, f. 34b, pl. 11, f. 159-161 (mf).
X. c. Tambs-Lyche, 1942: 112-113 (S).
X. c. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 177, f. 90A, 91B (mf).
X. c. Braendegaard, 1958: 9, f. 3-4 (mf).
X. c. Utochkin, 1968: 8, f. 12-16 (mf).
X. c. Azheganova, 1968: 121, f. 263-264 (mf).
X. c. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1969: 80, pl. I, f. 1 (f).
X. c. Vilbaste, 1969: 47, f. 38, 40A-B, 41A-B (mf).
X. c. Tyschchenko, 1971: 120, f. 282, 294 (mf).
X. c. Miller, 1971: 119, pl. XV, f. 1 (m).
X. c. Braendegaard, 1972: 58, f. 29-31 (mf).
X. c. Punda, 1975b: 77, f. 168-170 (mf).
X. c. Palmgren, 1983: 204, f. 3a-b, 4a-b, e (mf).
X. c. Hu, 1984: 345, f. 359.1-4 (mf).
X. c. Roberts, 1985: 100, f. 39a (mf).
X. c. Song, 1987: 280, f. 238 (mf).
X. c. Zhang, 1987: 228, f. 201.1-2 (mf).
X. c. Wu & Song, 1989: 32, f. 5C-D (m).
X. c. Izmailova, 1989: 141, f. 133 (f).
X. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 478, f. 1256 (mf).
X. c. Zhao, 1993: 378, f. 187a-c (mf).
X. c. Roberts, 1995: 159, f. (mf).
X. c. Agnarsson, 1996: 35, f. 16A-B (mf).
X. c. Mcheidze, 1997: 154, f. 250-251 (mf).
X. c. Roberts, 1998: 167, f. (mf).
X. c. Jantscher, 2001: 17, f. 1-2, 9, 13-15, 22-24 (mf).
X. c. Azarkina & Logunov, 2001: 144, f. 32-33, 36-50 (mf).
X. c. Hu, 2001: 352, f. 214.1-3 (mf).
X. c. Lehtinen, 2002: 319, f. 4,7 (m).
X. c. Jantscher, 2002: 331, f. 1-2 (m).
X. c. Namkung, 2002: 555, f. 42.38a-b (mf).
X. c. Namkung, 2003: 558, f. 42.38a-b (mf).
X. c. Ono & Martens, 2005: 114, f. 24-25 (m).
X. c. Almquist, 2006: 503, f. 426a-m (mf).
X. c. Ramírez, 2014: 224, f. 152C-E (m).

mf croceus Fox, 1937....................India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031859]
X. ephippiatus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 261, pl. 10, f. 159, 161 (mf, misidentified).
X. c. Fox, 1937d: 19, f. 11 (Df).
X. ephippiatus Saito, 1939: 79, f. 10(1) (f, misidentified).
X. c. Yaginuma, 1960: 97, f. 84 (f).
X. sujatai Tikader, 1962b: 577, f. 8a-b (Dmf).
X. sujatai Tikader, 1968b: 111, f. 15-17 (mf).
X. sujatai Tikader, 1971a: 50, f. 2B, 15A-C (mf).
X. c. Yaginuma, 1971: 97, f. 84 (f).
X. c. Paik, 1975: 4, f. 6-9 (f).
X. c. Song et al., 1979: 17, f. 6C (f).
X. c. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 75, f. 63 (f).
X. c. Song, 1980: 192, f. 106a-c (f).
X. c. Nakahira, 1980: 28, f. 4 (m).
X. sujatai Tikader, 1980a: 121, f. 16, 168-170 (mf).
X. c. Ono, 1981b: 69, f. 11-12 (mf).
X. c. Hu, 1984: 345, f. 360.1-3 (f).
X. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 201, f. 112.1 (mf).
X. c. Zhang, 1987: 229, f. 202.1-3 (f).
X. c. Ono, 1988c: 89, f. 79-82 (mf, S).
X. c. Chikuni, 1989b: 144, f. 27 (mf).
X. c. Feng, 1990: 188, f. 163 (f).
X. c. Chen & Gao, 1990: 174, f. 221 (f).
X. c. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 272, f. 283.1-4 (mf).
X. c. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 882, f. 56A-D (mf).
X. c. Zhao, 1993: 379, f. 188 (f).
X. c. Song & Zhu, 1997: 77, f. 47A-D (mf).
X. c. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1732, f. 41a-d (mf).
X. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 501, f. 285C, M (mf).
X. c. Kim & Gwon, 2001: 52, f. 98-101 (mf).
X. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 414, f. 274A-D (mf).
X. c. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 27, f. 39 (m).
X. c. Namkung, 2002: 547, f. 42.30a-b (mf).
X. c. Namkung, 2003: 550, f. 42.30a-b (mf).
X. c. Ono, 2009a: 513, f. 150-152 (mf).
X. c. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 465, f. 335A-D (mf).
X. c. Yin et al., 2012: 1311, f. 707a-e (mf).

mf cunctator Thorell, 1877....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031860]
X. c. Thorell, 1877c: 494 (Df).
X. lenis Keyserling, 1880: 27, pl. 1, f. 11 (Df).
X. quinquepunctatus Keyserling, 1880: 28, pl. 1, f. 12 (Df).
X. c. nigrescens Cockerell, 1890: 191 (Df).
X. c. pallidus Cockerell, 1890: 191 (Df).
X. nervosus Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1928: 183.
X. ancistrophor Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1929: 4, pl. 4, f. 40 (Dm).
X. quinquepunctatus Gertsch, 1934b: 4, f. 4 (Dm).
X. quinquepunctatus Gertsch, 1939b: 389, f. 220-221, 228 (mf).
X. c. Gertsch, 1939b: 390, f. 222-223, 226, 234-235 (mf).
X. nervosus Comstock, 1940: 551, f. 604-605 (mf).
X. c. Schick, 1965: 159 (S).
X. c. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1253, f. 54-55, 58, 60, 136, 139 (mf).
X. c. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 217, f. 657-666 (mf).

f curtus Banks, 1898....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031861]
X. c. Banks, 1898b: 260, pl. 16, f. 8 (Df).

mf daisetsuzanus Ono, 1988....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031862]
X. d. Ono, 1988c: 85, f. 70-74 (Dmf).
X. d. Ono, 2009a: 513, f. 146-149 (mf).

mf dali Li & Yang, 2008....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042318]
X. d. Li & Yang, 2008: 15, f. 1A-E (Dmf).

f davidi Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031863]
X. d. Schenkel, 1963: 213, f. 120a-c (Df).

mf deichmanni Sørensen, 1898....................Canada, Alaska, Greenland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031864]
X. d. Sørensen, 1898: 228 (Dmf).
X. d. Braendegaard, 1940: 22, f. 20-21 (mf).
X. d. Holm, 1958a: 533, f. 9 (m, removed from S of X. labradorensis).
X. d. Buckle & Redner, 1964: 1139, f. 9-13 (mf).
X. d. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1263, f. 84-85, 161, 164 (mf).
X. d. Leech, 1966: 194, f. 40-41 (mf).
X. d. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 239, f. 721-725 (mf).
X. d. Marusik, 1989a: 141, pl. 1, f. 6 (m).

mf demirsoyi Demir, Topçu & Türkes, 2006....................Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040760]
X. d. Demir, Topçu & Türkes, 2006: 46, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

f denisi Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031865]
X. d. Schenkel, 1963: 233, f. 130a-c (Df).

mf desidiosus Simon, 1875....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031866]
X. d. Simon, 1875a: 193 (Df).
X. glacialis L. Koch, 1876b: 332 (Dmf).
X. d. Bösenberg, 1902: 347, pl. 32, f. 511 (mf).
X. glacialis Lessert, 1905b: 645, f. 11-12 (m).
X. glacialis Lessert, 1910b: 371, f. 182-184 (mf).
X. d. Simon, 1932: 819, 827, 878, f. 1221, 1240 (mf).
X. d. Isaia, 2001: 378, f. 3a-b (m).

mf discursans Keyserling, 1880....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031867]
X. d. Keyserling, 1880: 20, pl. 1, f. 7 (Dmf).
X. vernalis Bryant, 1930a: 139, pl. 8, f. 13, 15 (Dm).
X. d. Gertsch, 1934b: 11, f. 10 (m).
X. d. Gertsch, 1939b: 364, f. 150-151, 168 (mf).
X. d. Chickering, 1940a: 206, f. 25-27 (mf).
X. d. Kaston, 1948: 424, f. 1542-1543 (mf).
X. d. Gertsch, 1953: 426, f. 25-26 (mf).
X. d. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1242, f. 18, 21, 100, 103 (mf).
X. d. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 193, f. 585-588 (mf).
X. d. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 232, f. 2610-2613 (mf).

f diversus (Blackwall, 1870)....................Sicily [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031868]
Thomisus d. Blackwall, 1870a: 396, pl. 8, f. 3 (Df).
X. d. Simon, 1875a: 200.

f dolpoensis Ono, 1978....................Nepal, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031869]
X. d. Ono, 1978b: 281, f. 2, 62-65, 72 (Df).
X. d. Tang & Song, 1988b: 15, f. 3W-X (f).
X. d. Song & Zhu, 1997: 79, f. 49A-B (f).
X. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 501, f. 285D (f).
X. d. Hu, 2001: 353, f. 215.1-2 (f).

f doriai (Dalmas, 1922)....................Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031870]
Psammitis d. Dalmas, 1922: 90 (Df).
X. d. Roewer, 1955c: 900.

mf durus (Sørensen, 1898)....................USA, Canada, Greenland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031871]
X. ferrugineus Emerton, 1894: 415, pl. 4, f. 3 (Df, preoccupied).
Oxyptila dura Sørensen, 1898: 230 (Dmf).
X. moestus Banks, 1910: 48 (replacement name).
Oxyptila dura Jackson, 1930: 640, pl. 17, f. 6 (f).
X. moestus Gertsch, 1939b: 403, f. 252-253, 267 (mf).
X. d. Braendegaard, 1946: 57, f. 37-38 (mf).
X. d. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1260, f. 74, 77, 150, 153 (mf).
X. d. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 230, f. 695, 697 (f only, not m, =X. keyserlingi).
X. d. Reeves et al., 1984: 221, f. 1-4 (mf).
X. d. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 232, f. 2614-2617 (mf).

mf dzhungaricus Tyschchenko, 1965....................Russia, Central Asia to China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031872]
X. d. Tyschchenko, 1965: 700, f. 6 (Dmf).
X. kiritschenkoi Utochkin, 1968: 24, f. 2-6 (Dmf).
X. piceana Hu & Wu, 1989: 351, f. 278.1-2 (Df).
X. kiritschenkoi Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 42, f. 29-31 (mf).
X. d. Marusik, 1992: 95 (S).
X. d. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 153 (S).
X. piceana Song & Zhu, 1997: 100, f. 66A-B (f).
X. piceana Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 503, f. 287C (f).
X. d. Marusik, Fritzén & Song, 2007: 275, f. 18-20, 56-58 (mf).
X. d. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 251, f. 37.8, 10 (m).

mf edax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Turkey, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031873]
Thomisus e. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 303 (Dmf).
X. e. Reimoser, 1919: 128.
X. e. Levy, 1976: 21, f. 33-40 (mf).
X. e. Levy, 1985b: 92, f. 138-145 (mf).
X. e. Demir, Aktas & Topçu, 2009: 99, f. 1-2 (m).

mf egenus Simon, 1886....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031874]
X. e. Simon, 1886g: 365 (Dmf).
Proxysticus e. Jézéquel, 1964c: 1128, f. 32-33 (Tmf, rejected).

mf elegans Keyserling, 1880....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031875]
X. e. Keyserling, 1880: 31, pl. 1, f. 14 (Dm).
X. limbatus Keyserling, 1880: 35, pl. 1, f. 16 (Df, not m).
X. borealis Keyserling, 1884b: 668, pl. 21, f. 17 (Df).
X. limbatus Emerton, 1892: 360 (Dm).
X. limbatus Emerton, 1902: 31, f. 89 (mf).
X. limbatus Banks, 1913: 177, f. 1a-b (f).
X. e. Gertsch, 1939b: 372, f. 156-157, 192 (mf).
X. e. Comstock, 1940: 546, f. 592, 600 (mf).
X. e. Chickering, 1940a: 207, f. 28-30 (mf).
X. e. Kaston, 1948: 425, f. 1524-1528, 1544 (mf).
X. e. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1248, f. 37, 40, 119, 122 (mf).
X. e. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 209, f. 417, 631-634 (mf).
X. e. Breene et al., 1993: 81, f. 86A-C (mf).
X. e. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 233, f. 2618-2621 (mf).

f elephantus Ono, 1978....................Nepal, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031876]
X. e. Ono, 1978b: 284, f. 4, 78-81 (Df).
X. e. Hu & Li, 1987b: 322, f. 44.1-3 (f).
X. e. Hu, 2001: 354, f. 216.1-2 (f).

mf ellipticus Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031877]
Synema obscura Keyserling, 1880: 64, pl. 1, f. 32 (Dm; preoccupied in X. by Collett, 1876).
Synema obscurum Gertsch, 1939b: 339, f. 78-79, 93 (m, Df).
X. e. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1258, f. 68, 71, 148, 151 (Tmf from Synema, replacement name).
X. e. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 228, f. 690-693 (mf).
X. e. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 233, f. 2622-2625 (mf).

mf emertoni Keyserling, 1880....................USA, Canada, Alaska, Slovakia to China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031879]
X. limbatus Keyserling, 1880: 35, pl. 1, f. 16a-b (m, misidentified).
X. e. Keyserling, 1880: 39, pl. 1, f. 18 (Df).
X. excellens Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 47, pl. 11, f. 26 (Dmf).
X. e. Banks, 1913: 178, pl. 11, f. 11 (f).
X. excellens Schenkel, 1930b: 26, f. 10 (f).
X. excellens Schenkel, 1931: 972, f. 11 (mf).
X. e. Gertsch, 1939b: 374, f. 158-159, 197 (mf).
X. e. Comstock, 1940: 549, f. 590, 601 (mf).
X. e. Chickering, 1940a: 208, f. 31-33 (mf).
X. obscurus Tambs-Lyche, 1942: 113 (S X. excellens, rejected).
X. e. Kaston, 1948: 426, f. 1545-1546 (mf).
X. dissimilis Zhu & Wang, 1963c: 487, f. 33 (Df).
X. e. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1249, f. 42, 45, 124, 127, 173 (mf).
X. excellens Utochkin, 1968: 10, f. 50-52 (mf, removed from S of X. austerus).
X. e. Holm, 1973: 106 (S).
X. e. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 206, f. 419-421, 620-624 (mf).
X. e. Ono, 1981b: 70, f. 5-6 (mf).
X. dissimilis Hu, 1984: 347, f. 341.5 (f).
X. excellens Tang & Song, 1988c: 137, f. 1-4 (mf, S).
X. excellens Izmailova, 1989: 141, f. 134 (f).
X. e. Song & Zhu, 1997: 80, f. 50A-D (mf).
X. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 502, f. 285E, O (mf).
X. e. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 233, f. 2626-2629 (mf).
X. e. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 466, f. 336A-D (mf).

mf ephippiatus Simon, 1880....................Russia, Central Asia, Mongolia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031880]
X. e. Simon, 1880b: 107, pl. 3, f. 6 (Df).
X. tunicatus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 263, pl. 10, f. 176 (Df).
X. tunicatus Saito, 1934b: 281, pl. 14, f. 42 (f, Dm).
X. pseudobifasciatus Schenkel, 1936b: 142, f. 50 (Df).
X. tunicatus Saito, 1939: 80, f. 10(2) (mf).
X. e. Saito, 1959: 131, f. 170a-d (f).
X. tunicatus Saito, 1959: 132, f. 173a-e (mf).
X. tunicatus Yaginuma, 1960: 97, f. 84 (f).
X. e. Zhu & Wang, 1963c: 485, f. 34 (f, removed from S of X. austerus).
X. e. Schenkel, 1963: 208, f. 118 (m).
X. e. Yaginuma, 1967b: 96, f. 2n-p (mf).
X. e. Ohno & Yaginuma, 1967: 37, f. 3.1 (f).
X. transsibiricus Utochkin, 1968: 26, f. 45-49 (Dmf).
X. e. Yaginuma, 1971: 129, f. 107.10-11 (mf).
X. e. Suganami, 1971: 30, f. 7-8 (f).
X. e. Namkung, Paik & Yoon, 1972: 94, f. 15 (f).
X. e. Paik, 1975: 177, f. 10-18 (mf).
X. e. Song et al., 1979: 17, f. 4, 6A-B (mf).
X. e. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 76, f. 64 (f).
X. e. Song, 1980: 191, f. 105a-e (mf).
X. e. Ono, 1981b: 69, f. 13-14 (mf).
X. pseudobifasciatus Ono, 1981b: 70, f. 9 (f).
X. saganus Hu & Guo, 1982: 145, f. 1-3 (mf, misidentified).
X. e. Yin, Wang & Hu, 1983: 34, f. 5I (m).
X. e. Qiu, 1983: 100, f. 13.12a-c (mf).
X. saganus Hu, 1984: 349, f. 363.1-3 (mf, misidentified).
X. e. Hu, 1984: 347, f. 361.1-2 (mf).
X. e. Guo, 1985: 171, f. 2-97.1-3 (mf).
X. e. Zhu et al., 1985: 194, f. 179a-d (mf).
X. e. Yaginuma, 1986a: 201, f. 112.2 (mf).
X. e. Song, 1987: 281, f. 239 (mf).
X. e. Zhang, 1987: 230, f. 203.1-3 (mf).
X. sujatai Hu & Li, 1987b: 326, f. 46.5 (m, misidentified).
X. e. Ono, 1988c: 93, f. 83-88 (mf, S).
X. e. Marusik, 1989b: 50 (S).
X. e. Chikuni, 1989b: 144, f. 25 (mf).
X. transsibiricus Izmailova, 1989: 148, f. 146 (f).
X. e. Feng, 1990: 189, f. 164.1-4 (mf).
X. e. Ono, Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 10, f. 17-19 (mf).
X. e. Chen & Gao, 1990: 174, f. 222a-b (mf).
X. e. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 271, f. 282.1-4 (mf).
X. e. Zhao, 1993: 380, f. 189a-c (mf).
X. saganus Zhao, 1993: 384, f. 191a-c (mf, misidentified).
X. e. Song & Zhu, 1997: 81, f. 51A-D (mf).
X. e. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1732, f. 42a-d (mf).
X. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 502, f. 285F, P (mf).
X. e. Hu, 2001: 355, f. 217.1-4 (mf).
X. e. Kim & Gwon, 2001: 53, f. 108-112 (mf).
X. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 415, f. 275A-D (mf).
X. e. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 27, f. 38, 81-82 (m).
X. e. Namkung, 2002: 546, f. 42.29a-b (mf).
X. e. Kim & Cho, 2002: 160, f. 313-318 (mf).
X. e. Namkung, 2003: 549, f. 42.29a-b (mf).
X. e. Lee et al., 2004: 99, unnumbered f. (mf).
X. e. Kim, Jeong & Lee, 2007: 37, f. 2A-B (mf).
X. e. Ono, 2009a: 513, f. 153-157 (mf).
X. e. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 467, f. 337A-D (mf).
X. e. Yin et al., 2012: 1313, f. 708a-e, 3-13f-g (mf).

mf erraticus (Blackwall, 1834)....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031881]
Thomisus e. Blackwall, 1834b: 408 (Dmf).
Thomisus e. Blackwall, 1861a: 71, pl. 4, f. 40 (mf).
X. e. Simon, 1875a: 171.
X. e. Menge, 1876: 438, pl. 73, f. 247 (mf).
X. ulmi Menge, 1876: 448, pl. 74, f. 252 (mf, misidentified).
X. e. Becker, 1882b: 175, pl. 16, f. 3 (mf).
X. e. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 93, pl. 3, f. 24 (mf).
X. e. Bösenberg, 1902: 344, pl. 32, f. 507 (mf).
X. e. Pereleschina, 1928: 35, f. 2 (f).
X. e. Simon, 1932: 817, 822, 877, f. 1219, 1230 (mf).
X. e. Denis, 1938b: 584, pl. 1, f. 5 (m).
X. e. Tullgren, 1944: 92, f. 35b, pl. 12, f. 173-174, pl. 13, f. 179-180 (mf).
X. e. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 180, f. 90D, 91A Dmf).
X. e. Utochkin, 1968: 8, f. 17-18 (m).
X. e. Vilbaste, 1969: 52, f. 44A-B, 45A-B (mf).
X. e. Tyschchenko, 1971: 120, f. 285 (m).
X. e. Miller, 1971: 119, pl. XV, f. 16-17 (mf).
X. e. Braendegaard, 1972: 84, f. 44-45 (mf).
X. e. Roberts, 1985: 100, f. 39d (mf).
X. e. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 480, f. 1261 (mf).
X. e. Roberts, 1995: 160, f. (mf).
X. e. Roberts, 1998: 168, f. (mf).
X. e. Almquist, 2006: 505, f. 427a-f (mf).

f excavatus Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031882]
X. e. Schenkel, 1963: 211, f. 119a-b (Df).

mf facetus O. P.-Cambridge, 1896....................Mexico to El Salvador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031883]
X. f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 179, pl. 22, f. 1 (Dm).
X. f. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1900: 148, pl. 10, f. 13 (m).
X. verecundus Gertsch, 1934b: 2, f. 2 (Df, not m).
X. f. Gertsch, 1953: 447, f. 51-52 (mf).
X. f. Kraus, 1955b: 57, f. 156-158 (mf).

mf fagei Lessert, 1919....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031884]
X. f. Lessert, 1919: 146, pl. 2, f. 12, 28, 43 (Dmf).

f fagei Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031885]
X. f. Schenkel, 1963: 218, f. 123 (Df; N.B.: will need replacement name if actually congeneric with above).

f federalis Gertsch, 1953....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031886]
X. f. Gertsch, 1953: 443, f. 7 (Df).

mf ferox (Hentz, 1847)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031887]
Thomisus transversatus Walckenaer, 1837: 525 (Df, nomen oblitum).
Thomisus f. Hentz, 1847: 445, pl. 23, f. 3 (Dm).
X. stomachosus Keyserling, 1880: 7, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dmf).
X. distinctus Banks, 1892a: 52, pl. 3, f. 89 (Df).
X. transversus Banks, 1892a: 54, pl. 3, f. 6 (Df).
X. maculatus Banks, 1892a: 57.
X. stomachosus Emerton, 1892: 362, pl. 28, f. 3 (mf).
X. stomachosus Emerton, 1902: 30, f. 87-88 (mf).
X. f. Banks, 1910: 48.
X. f. Comstock, 1912: 534, f. 569-570, 593-594.
X. f. Gertsch, 1939b: 385, f. 212-213, 225, 233 (mf).
X. f. Comstock, 1940: 547, f. 569-570, 594 (mf).
X. f. Chickering, 1940a: 210, f. 34-36 (mf).
X. f. Muma, 1943: 111, pl. XIV, f. 18 (f).
X. transversatus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 170, f. 28 (mf).
X. f. Kaston, 1948: 427, f. 1532-1533, 1554 (mf).
X. transversatus Anderson, 1961: 100, f. 3 (f).
X. transversatus Kaston, 1963: 33, f. 10 (m).
X. f. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1251, f. 44, 47, 126, 129, 175 (mf).
X. f. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 212, f. 640-644 (mf).
X. f. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 233, f. 2630-2633 (mf).

mf ferrugineus Menge, 1876....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031888]
X. f. Menge, 1876: 444, pl. 74, f. 251 (Dmf).
X. f. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 93, pl. 3, f. 22 (mf).
X. f. Simon, 1932: 815, 827, 875, f. 1214, 1242 (mf).
X. f. Tyschchenko, 1971: 119, f. 281 (m).
X. f. Miller, 1971: 120, pl. XV, f. 4, pl. XVI, f. 6 (mf).
X. f. Hidalgo, 1983: 363, f. 1C-D (m).
X. f. Hu & Li, 1987b: 324, f. 42.3-4 (m).
X. f. Roberts, 1998: 168, f. (mf).
X. f. Pesarini, 2000: 389, f. 25-26 (mf).
X. f. Hu, 2001: 356, f. 218.1-2 (m).
X. f. Logunov, Marusik & Koponen, 2002: 99, f. 4-6, 8, 10, 13-14, 20-23 (mf).

mf ferruginoides Schenkel, 1963....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031889]
X. f. Schenkel, 1963: 221, f. 125a-e (Dmf).
X. f. Logunov & Marusik, 1994b: 184, f. 3-5 (m).
X. amuricus Seyfulina & Mikhailov, 2004: 251, f. 1-2 (Dm).
X. f. Seyfulina, 2006: 276 (S).

f ferus O. P.-Cambridge, 1876....................Cyprus, Egypt, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031890]
X. f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 583 (Df).
X. tristami Kulczyn'ski, 1908c: 73, pl. 2, f. 14 (f, misidentified).
X. similis Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 33 (Df).
X. f. Levy, 1976: 9, f. 13-15 (f, S).
X. f. Levy, 1985b: 81, f. 118-120 (f).
Psammitis f. Wunderlich, 1995F: 761, f. 59, 63 (f).

mf fervidus Gertsch, 1953....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031891]
X. f. Gertsch, 1953: 427, f. 27-30 (Dmf).
X. f. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1243, f. 19, 22, 101, 104 (mf).
X. f. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 195, f. 589-592 (mf).

mf fienae (Jocqué, 1993)....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031892]
Coriarachne f. Jocqué, 1993: 119, f. 1-3 (Dmf).
Psammitis f. Wunderlich, 1995F: 758 (Tmf from Coriarachne).
X. f. Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006: 258, f. 106e-g (mf).

m flavitarsis Simon, 1877....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031893]
X. f. Simon, 1877a: 484 (Dmf).

m flavovittatus Keyserling, 1880....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031894]
X. f. Keyserling, 1880: 33, pl. 1, f. 15 (Dm).

mf floridanus Banks, 1896....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031895]
X. f. Banks, 1896e: 70 (Dm).
X. f. Bryant, 1930a: 134, pl. 7, f. 2, 5 (m).
X. f. Gertsch, 1939b: 394 (Df).

mf fraternus Banks, 1895....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031896]
X. hamatus Keyserling, 1885: 521, pl. 13, f. 22 (Dmf; preoccupied by Thorell, 1875).
X. f. Banks, 1895d: 90 (Dm).
X. hamatinus Banks, 1910: 48 (replacement name).
X. hamatus Banks, 1913: 178, pl. 11, f. 7 (m).
X. f. Bryant, 1930a: 134, pl. 7, f. 6, 8 (m).
X. f. Gertsch, 1939b: 384, f. 214-215, 224 (mf).
X. f. Chickering, 1940a: 211, f. 37-39 (mf).
X. f. Kaston, 1948: 427, f. 1552-1553 (mf).
X. f. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1251, f. 48, 51, 130, 133 (mf).
X. f. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 214, f. 645-648 (mf).
X. f. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 234, f. 2634-2637 (mf).

m fuerteventurensis (Wunderlich, 1992)....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031897]
Proxysticus f. Wunderlich, 1992a: 498, f. 794 (Dm).

mf funestus Keyserling, 1880....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031898]
Thomisus tumefactus Walckenaer, 1837: 502 (Dmf, nomen oblitum).
X. f. Keyserling, 1880: 10, pl. 1, f. 2, 2A (Dmf).
X. brunneus Banks, 1892a: 53, pl. 3, f. 4 (Df).
X. crudelis Banks, 1892a: 53, pl. 3, f. 5 (Df).
X. nervosus Banks, 1892a: 55, pl. 3, f. 8, pl. 4, f. 84 (Df).
X. nervosus Emerton, 1892: 362, pl. 28, f. 4 (f, Dm).
X. nervosus Emerton, 1902: 32, f. 93-94 (mf).
X. nervosus Comstock, 1912: 538, f. 603-605.
X. f. Gertsch, 1939b: 367, f. 162-163, 175 (mf).
X. f. Chickering, 1940a: 212, f. 40-42 (mf).
X. tumefactus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 170, f. 46 (mf).
X. f. Kaston, 1948: 424, f. 1530-1531, 1551 (mf).
X. f. Gertsch, 1953: 433, f. 31-32 (mf).
X. f. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1247, f. 36, 39, 118, 121 (mf).
X. f. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 211, f. 635-639 (mf).
X. f. Breene et al., 1993: 81, f. 87A-C (mf).

mf furtivus Gertsch, 1936....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031899]
X. f. Gertsch, 1936a: 15 (Dmf).
X. f. Gertsch, 1939b: 388, f. 218-219, 227 (mf).

mf gallicus Simon, 1875....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031900]
X. g. Simon, 1875a: 158 (Dmf).
X. g. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 92, pl. 3, f. 23 (mf).
X. g. Kulczyn'ski, 1909b: 682, pl. 26, f. 25-26 (f).
X. g. Simon, 1932: 820, 823, 876, f. 1225, 1234 (mf).
X. g. Utochkin, 1968: 8, f. 24-26 (mf).
X. g. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1969: 80, pl. I, f. 3 (f).
X. g. Tyschchenko, 1971: 120, f. 286, 293 (mf).
X. g. Miller, 1971: 119, pl. XV, f. 5-6 (mf).
X. g. Urones, 1985: 455, f. 2a-b (f).
X. g. Izmailova, 1989: 142, f. 135 (f).
X. g. Mcheidze, 1997: 155, f. 259-261 (mf).
X. g. Pesarini, 2000: 389, f. 27-28 (mf).
X. g. Ono & Martens, 2005: 114, f. 30-36 (mf).

f gallicus batumiensis Mcheidze & Utochkin, 1971....................Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031901]
X. g. b. Mcheidze & Utochkin, 1971: 210, f. 5-6 (Df).
X. g. m. Mcheidze, 1997: 156, f. 262-263 (f).

f gattefossei Denis, 1956....................Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031902]
X. g. Denis, 1956a: 199, f. 8 (Df).

f geometres L. Koch, 1874....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031903]
X. g. L. Koch, 1874a: 556, pl. 42, f. 7 (Df).

mf gertschi Schick, 1965....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031904]
X. quinquepunctatus Gertsch, 1934b: 4, f. 4 (f, misidentified).
X. quinquepunctatus Gertsch, 1939b: 389, f. 220-221, 228 (mf, misidentified).
X. g. Schick, 1965: 159, f. 227-230 (Dmf).
X. g. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1253, f. 49, 52, 131, 134 (mf).
X. g. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 217, f. 653-656 (mf).

m ghigii Caporiacco, 1938....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031905]
X. g. Caporiacco, 1938b: 272, f. 4 (Dm).

mf gobiensis Marusik & Logunov, 2002....................Russia, Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038198]
X. laticeps Schenkel, 1963: 238, f. 133 (Df; preoccupied by Bryant, 1933).
X. sibiricus Marusik & Logunov, 1996: 135 (S).
X. laticeps Song & Haupt, 1996: 316, f. 5a-b (f).
X. laticeps Song & Zhu, 1997: 93, f. 60A-B (f).
X. laticeps Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 503, f. 286E (f).
X. laticeps Hu, 2001: 361, f. 222.1-3 (f).
X. g. Marusik & Logunov, 2002b: 316, f. 1-5 (removed f from S of X. sibiricus, replacement name, Dm).
X. g. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 253, f. 37.21, 27 (mf).

f gortanii Caporiacco, 1922....................Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031906]
X. g. Caporiacco, 1922: 89, f. 4 (Df).

mf gosiutus Gertsch, 1933....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031907]
X. g. Gertsch, 1933a: 20, f. 17, 21 (Dmf).
X. g. Gertsch, 1939b: 358, f. 146-147, 170 (mf).
X. g. Schick, 1965: 152, f. 210-211 (mf).
X. g. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1245, f. 26, 29, 108, 111 (mf).
X. g. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 186, f. 565-568 (mf).

mf gracilis Keyserling, 1880....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031908]
X. g. Keyserling, 1880: 17, pl. 1, f. 5 (Dmf).

mf graecus C. L. Koch, 1837....................Eastern Mediterranean, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031909]
X. g. C. L. Koch, 1837a: 65, f. 291 (Df).
X. g. C. L. Koch, 1845: 68 (f, not m).
Thomisus g. Doleschall, 1852: 632.
X. g. Simon, 1884j: 319 (mf).
X. g. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 96, pl. 3, f. 19 (mf).
X. g. Tyschchenko, 1971: 122, f. 291 (f).
X. g. Levy, 1976: 29, f. 53-54 (f).
X. g. Levy, 1985b: 100, f. 158-159 (f).
Psammitis g. Wunderlich, 1995F: 762, f. 46-49 (mf).

mf grallator Simon, 1932....................Spain, Corsica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031910]
X. g. Simon, 1932: 829, 878, f. 1245 (Dm).
X. g. Kraus, 1955a: 387, f. 25-26 (m, Df).
X. g. Urones, Camargo & Ferrández, 1983: 781, f. 1-10 (mf).

f grohi (Wunderlich, 1992)....................Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031911]
Proxysticus g. Wunderlich, 1992a: 498, f. 795 (Df).

mf guizhou Song & Zhu, 1997....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031912]
X. g. Song & Zhu, 1997: 84, f. 52A-D (Dmf).
X. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 502, f. 285G, 286I (mf).

mf gulosus Keyserling, 1880....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031913]
X. g. Keyserling, 1880: 43, pl. 1, f. 21 (Df).
X. lentus Banks, 1892a: 55, pl. 2, f. 67 (Dm).
X. g. Banks, 1892a: 57, pl. 3, f. 7 (f).
X. g. Emerton, 1892: 361, pl. 28, f. 2 (mf).
X. g. Emerton, 1902: 31, f. 91-92 (mf).
X. g. Comstock, 1912: 534, f. 571, 596-598.
X. g. Gertsch, 1939b: 353, f. 140-141, 165 (mf).
X. g. Comstock, 1940: 547, f. 597-598 (mf).
X. g. Chickering, 1940a: 214, f. 46-48 (mf).
X. g. Kaston, 1948: 422, f. 1529, 1549 (mf).
X. g. Schick, 1965: 146, f. 203-205 (mf).
X. g. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1238, f. 6, 9, 87-88, 91, 167 (mf).
X. g. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 179, f. 538-546 (mf).
X. g. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 234, f. 2638-2641 (mf).

f havilandi Lawrence, 1942....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031916]
X. h. Lawrence, 1942: 163, f. 16 (Df).

mf hedini Schenkel, 1936....................Russia, Mongolia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031917]
X. h. Schenkel, 1936b: 273, f. 91 (Df).
X. bifidus Paik, 1973a: 109, f. 2, 7-10 (Dmf).
X. bifidus Zhou, Wang & Zhu, 1983: 158, f. 9a-c (m).
X. lateralis atrimaculatus Hu, 1984: 348, f. 362.1-2 (f, misidentified).
X. bifidus Ono, 1985a: 35, f. 48-51 (f).
X. bifidus Zhu et al., 1985: 193, f. 175a-c (m).
X. bifidus Yaginuma, 1986a: 202, f. 112.4 (mf).
X. bifidus Ono, 1988c: 121, f. 127-129 (m; Paik's f=X. saganus; true f was illustrated by Ono, 1985a).
X. atrimaculatus Hu & Wu, 1989: 343, f. 273.1-2 (f, misidentified).
X. h. Marusik, 1989b: 51 (Sm).
X. bifidus Zhao, 1993: 377, f. 186a-b (m).
X. h. Logunov, 1995a: 115, f. 3A-C (m).
X. h. Song & Zhu, 1997: 86, f. 54A-D (mf).
X. h. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1734, f. 43a-d (mf).
X. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 502, f. 286A, K (mf).
X. bifidus Kim & Gwon, 2001: 55, f. 113-115 (m).
X. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 417, f. 276A-D (mf).
X. bifidus Yoo & Kim, 2002: 27, f. 40 (m).
X. h. Namkung, 2002: 552, f. 42.35a-b (mf).
X. h. Namkung, 2003: 555, f. 42.35a-b (mf).
X. h. Ono, 2009a: 517, f. 202-207 (mf).
X. h. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 468, f. 338A-D (mf).
X. h. Yin et al., 2012: 1314, f. 709a-c (m).

f helophilus Simon, 1890....................Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031918]
X. h. Simon, 1890a: 108 (Df).

f hepaticus Simon, 1903....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031919]
X. h. Simon, 1903b: 135 (Df).

mf himalayaensis Tikader & Biswas, 1974....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031920]
X. h. Tikader & Biswas, 1974: 265, f. 5-8 (Dmf).
X. h. Tikader, 1980a: 129, f. 182-185 (mf).

f hindusthanicus Basu, 1965....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031921]
X. h. Basu, 1965b: 23, f. 1a-b (Df).
X. h. Tikader, 1971a: 46, f. 13K-L (f).
X. h. Tikader, 1980a: 111, f. 152-153 (f).

f hotingchiehi Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031922]
X. h. Schenkel, 1963: 215, f. 121a-c (Df).

m hui Platnick, 1993....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031923]
X. obscurus Hu & Wu, 1989: 351, f. 277.3-4 (Dm; N.B.: preoccupied by Collett, 1887).
X. h. Platnick, 1993c: 726 (replacement name).
X. h. Song & Zhu, 1997: 88, f. 55A-B (m).
X. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 502, f. 286L (m).

mf humilis Redner & Dondale, 1965....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031924]
X. h. Redner & Dondale, 1965: 291, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

mf ibex Simon, 1875....................France, Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031925]
X. i. Simon, 1875a: 175 (Dmf).
X. i. Simon, 1932: 819, 823, 878, f. 1222, 1233 (mf).
X. i. Urones, 1985: 455, f. 3a-c (m).

m ibex dalmasi Simon, 1932....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031926]
X. i. d. Simon, 1932: 819 (Dm).

f ictericus L. Koch, 1874....................Fiji [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031927]
X. i. L. Koch, 1874a: 559, pl. 43, f. 2 (Df).

m idolothytus Logunov, 1995....................Kazakhstan, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031928]
X. albomaculatus Utochkin, 1968: 18, f. 102-103 (m, misidentified).
X. i. Logunov, 1995a: 112, f. 1A-B (Dm).

m illaudatus Logunov, 1995....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031929]
X. i. Logunov, 1995a: 114, f. 2A-C (Dm).

f imitarius Gertsch, 1953....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031930]
X. i. Gertsch, 1953: 442, f. 45 (Df).

f indiligens (Walckenaer, 1837)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031931]
Thomisus i. Walckenaer, 1837: 506 (D).
X. i. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 168, f. 42 (Df).

mf insulicola Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031932]
X. i. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 260, pl. 13, f. 304 (Df).
X. bifurcus Paik, 1973a: 105, f. 1, 4 (Dm; not f, = X. concretus).
X. i. Ono, 1981b: 70, f. 15-16 (mf).
X. i. Ono, 1988c: 102, f. 92-95 (mf, S).
X. bifurcus Tang & Song, 1988b: 14, f. 3S-T (m).
X. i. Chikuni, 1989b: 144, f. 26 (mf).
X. i. Song & Zhu, 1997: 89, f. 56A-D (mf).
X. i. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 502, f. 286B, M (mf).
X. i. Kim & Gwon, 2001: 56, f. 102-105 (mf).
X. i. Namkung, 2002: 548, f. 42.31a-b (mf).
X. i. Namkung, 2003: 551, f. 42.31a-b (mf).
X. i. Ono, 2009a: 515, f. 162-164 (mf).
X. i. Yin et al., 2012: 1315, f. 710a-e (mf).

mf iviei Schick, 1965....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031933]
X. i. Schick, 1965: 164, f. 238, 240 (Dmf).

m iviei sierrensis Schick, 1965....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031934]
X. i. s. Schick, 1965: 164 (Dm).

f jabalpurensis Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037373]
X. j. Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999d: 145, f. 1-3 (Df).
X. j. Gajbe, 2004a: 129, f. 172-174 (f).

f jaharai Basu, 1979....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031935]
X. j. Basu, 1979: 149, f. 1A-C (Df).

f japenus Roewer, 1938....................Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031936]
X. j. Roewer, 1938: 70, f. 46 (Df).

mf jiangi Peng, Yin & Kim, 2000....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037374]
X. j. Peng, Yin & Kim, 2000a: 263, f. 1A-E (Dmf).
X. j. Yin et al., 2012: 1317, f. 711a-e (mf).

f jinlin Song & Zhu, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031937]
X. laticeps Hu & Wu, 1989: 348, f. 275.5-6 (f, misidentified).
X. j. Song & Zhu, 1995: 116, f. 1A-B (Df).
X. j. Song & Zhu, 1997: 90, f. 57A-B (f).
X. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 502, f. 286C (f).
X. j. Hu, 2001: 357, f. 219.1-2 (f).

mf joyantius Tikader, 1966....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031938]
X. j. Tikader, 1968a: 251, f. 3-5 (Dmf).
X. jayantius Tikader, 1968b: 112, f. 27-29 (mf; spelled X. j. in legend).
X. jayantius Tikader, 1971a: 52, f. 15D-F (mf).
X. jayantius Tikader, 1980a: 124, f. 173-175 (mf).

mf jugalis L. Koch, 1875....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031939]
X. j. L. Koch, 1875b: 63, pl. 6, f. 4 (Dm).
X. j. Strand, 1907h: 126 (Df).

j jugalis larvatus Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031940]
X. j. l. Caporiacco, 1949a: 458 (Dj).

f kalandadzei Mcheidze & Utochkin, 1971....................Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031941]
X. k. Mcheidze & Utochkin, 1971: 209, f. 1-2 (Df).
X. k. Mcheidze, 1997: 159, f. 281-282 (f).

m kali Tikader & Biswas, 1974....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031942]
X. k. Tikader & Biswas, 1974: 265, f. 9-10 (Dm).
X. k. Tikader, 1980a: 130, f. 186-187 (m).

mf kamakhyai Tikader, 1962....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031943]
X. k. Tikader, 1962b: 575, f. 7 (Df).
X. k. Tikader, 1968b: 109, f. 23-24 (Dm).
X. k. Tikader, 1971a: 45, f. 13G-J (mf).
X. k. Tikader, 1980a: 109, f. 149-151 (mf).

f kashidi Tikader, 1963....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031945]
X. k. Tikader, 1963e: 261, f. 11 (Df).
X. k. Tikader, 1971a: 49, f. 14F-G (f).
X. k. Tikader, 1980a: 116, f. 161-162 (f).

m kaznakovi Utochkin, 1968....................Greece to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031946]
X. k. Utochkin, 1968: 39, f. 118-120 (Dm).
X. k. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 42, f. 27-28 (m).
X. k. Demir, Aktas & Topçu, 2009: 101, f. 3-4 (m).

mf kempeleni Thorell, 1872....................Europe to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031947]
X. k. Thorell, 1872a: 245 (Dm).
X. lineatus Simon, 1875a: 182, pl. 7, f. 12 (Dmf).
X. frater Herman, 1879: 244, 372, pl. 8, f. 177 (Df).
X. lineatus Becker, 1882b: 179, pl. 17, f. 1 (mf).
X. frater Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 96, pl. 3, f. 30 (f).
X. k. Bösenberg, 1902: 351, pl. 33, f. 518 (mf).
X. k. Simon, 1932: 832, 835, 879, f. 1252, 1260 (mf).
X. k. Utochkin, 1968: 17, f. 95-97 (m).
X. k. Azheganova, 1968: 122, f. 265, 283 (mf).
X. k. Tyschchenko, 1971: 122, f. 288 (m).
X. k. Miller, 1971: 124, pl. XVI, f. 5 (f).
X. k. Levy, 1976: 25, f. 45-48 (mf).
X. kempelini Bosmans & Janssen, 1982: 281, f. 1-2 (mf).
X. k. Levy, 1985b: 97, f. 150-153 (mf).
X. k. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 480, f. 1266 (mf).
Psammitis k. Wunderlich, 1995F: 759 (S, rejected).
X. k. Mcheidze, 1997: 161, f. 293-295 (m).
X. k. Roberts, 1998: 171, f. (mf).
X. k. Pesarini, 2000: 389, f. 29-30 (mf).
X. k. Logunov, 2006: 61, f. 1-2, 8-12 (mf).

f kempeleni nigriceps Simon, 1932....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031948]
X. k. n. Simon, 1932: 835, 879 (Df).

mf keyserlingi Bryant, 1930....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031949]
X. k. Bryant, 1930a: 135, pl. 8, f. 9-10 (Dm).
X. leechi Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1261, f. 155, 158 (Df).
X. durus Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 230, f. 694, 696 (m, misidentified).
X. leechi Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 234, f. 707-708 (f).
X. k. Reeves et al., 1984: 223, f. 5-8 (removed m from S of X. durus, Sf).

f khasiensis Tikader, 1980....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031950]
X. k. Tikader, 1980a: 132, f. 188-189 (Df).

mf kochi Thorell, 1872....................Europe, Mediterranean to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031951]
X. viaticus C. L. Koch, 1835: 130, f. 13-14 (mf, misidentified).
X. viaticus C. L. Koch, 1845: 70, f. 1003-1004 (mf, misidentified).
X. kochii Thorell, 1872a: 241 (Dmf).
Thomisus viaticus O. P.-Cambridge, 1873b: 528.
X. k. Simon, 1875a: 155, pl. 7, f. 9 (mf).
Thomisus k. Lebert, 1877: 260.
X. k. Becker, 1882b: 161, pl. 15, f. 1 (mf).
X. k. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 92, pl. 3, f. 26 (m).
X. k. Simon, 1895a: 1030, f. 1084 (m).
X. k. Bösenberg, 1902: 343, pl. 32, f. 506 (mf).
X. montanus Nosek, 1905b: 134, f. 14 (Df).
X. spinifer Nosek, 1905b: 134 (Dm; preoccupied by Simon, 1883).
X. k. Kulczyn'ski, 1909b: 683, pl. 26, f. 24 (f).
X. k. Schenkel, 1925d: 270, f. 1 (f).
X. kochii Spassky, 1925: 43, f. 14 (f).
X. k. Simon, 1932: 820, 824, 876, f. 1226, 1235 (mf).
X. k. Tullgren, 1944: 90, f. 35a, pl. 11, f. 170, pl. 12, f. 171-172 (mf).
X. k. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 180, f. 90C, 91F (mf).
X. noseki Roewer, 1951: 449 (replacement name for X. spinifer).
X. k. Denis, 1950b: 84, f. 9 (f).
X. calenzanae Kraus, 1955a: 386, f. 24 (Df).
X. k. Utochkin, 1968: 8, f. 19-23 (mf).
X. kochii Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1969: 80, pl. I, f. 5 (f).
X. k. Vilbaste, 1969: 51, f. 42, 43A-B (mf).
X. k. Tyschchenko, 1971: 120, f. 283, 296 (mf).
X. k. Miller, 1971: 119, pl. XV, f. 11-12 (mf).
X. k. Braendegaard, 1972: 65, f. 34-35 (mf).
X. k. Punda, 1975b: 77, f. 171-173 (mf).
X. k. Levy, 1976: 23, f. 41-44 (mf).
X. k. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1982: 50, f. III.14-15 (mf).
X. k. Hidalgo, 1983: 363, f. 1 (f).
X. k. Roberts, 1985: 100, f. 39c (mf).
X. k. Levy, 1985b: 95, f. 146-149 (mf).
X. k. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1989: 223, f. LXIX.14-15 (mf).
X. k. Izmailova, 1989: 143, f. 137 (f).
X. k. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 480, f. 1260 (mf).
X. k. Roberts, 1995: 160, f. (mf).
X. k. Wunderlich, 1995F: 757, f. 38 (f, S).
X. k. Mcheidze, 1997: 155, f. 252-256 (mf).
X. k. Roberts, 1998: 178, f. (mf).
X. k. Ono & Martens, 2005: 114, f. 26-29 (m).
X. k. Almquist, 2006: 507, f. 428a-f (mf).

f kochi abchasicus Mcheidze & Utochkin, 1971....................Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031952]
X. k. a. Mcheidze & Utochkin, 1971: 210, f. 3-4 (Df).
X. k. a. Mcheidze, 1997: 155, f. 257-258 (f).

mf krakatauensis Bristowe, 1931....................Krakatau [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031953]
X. k. Bristowe, 1931d: 1410, f. 9-12 (Dmf).

mf kulczynskii Wierzbicki, 1902....................Azerbaijan, Iran [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031954]
X. k. Wierzbicki, 1902: 475, pl. 5, f. 3 (Df).
X. k. Logunov, Marusik & Koponen, 2002: 99, f. 1-3, 7, 9, 11-12, 15-19 (f, Dm).
X. k. Ono & Martens, 2005: 118, f. 49-52 (m).

mf kurilensis Strand, 1907....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031955]
X. k. Strand, 1907k: 209, f. 41 (Df).
X. lesserti Schenkel, 1963: 219, f. 124a-c (Dm).
X. lesserti Song & Zheng, 1981: 349 (m, Df).
X. k. Ono, 1986b: 170, f. 5-8 (mf).
X. lesoerti Song, 1987: 282, f. 240 (mf).
X. k. Ono, 1988c: 113, f. 112-120 (mf).
X. k. Chikuni, 1989b: 145, f. 31 (mf).
X. k. Ono, Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 10, f. 20-22 (mf).
X. lesserti Chen & Gao, 1990: 175, f. 223a-b (mf).
X. lesserti Chen & Zhang, 1991: 273, f. 284.1-4 (mf).
X. lesserti Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 883, f. 57A-D (mf).
X. k. Song & Zhu, 1997: 92, f. 59A-D (mf, S).
X. k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 503, f. 286D, O (mf).
X. k. Namkung, 2002: 550, f. 42.33a-b (mf).
X. k. Namkung, 2003: 553, f. 42.33a-b (mf).
X. k. Ono, 2009a: 515, f. 185-195 (mf).
X. k. Yin et al., 2012: 1320, f. 713a-e (mf).

m kuzgi Marusik & Logunov, 1990....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031956]
X. k. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 36, f. 12-13 (Dm).

mf labradorensis Keyserling, 1887....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031957]
X. l. Keyserling, 1887b: 479, pl. 6, f. 39 (Df).
X. bimaculatus Emerton, 1894: 416, pl. 4, f. 5 (Df).
X. bimaculatus Emerton, 1919b: 6, pl. 2, f. 18-20 (mf).
X. l. Gertsch, 1939b: 401, f. 248-249, 268 (mf).
X. l. Tullgren, 1944: 129, f. 48 (m).
X. l. Holm, 1958a: 533, f. 10 (m).
X. l. Buckle & Redner, 1964: 1138, f. 1-6 (mf).
X. l. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1261, f. 80, 83, 160, 163, 166 (mf).
X. l. Utochkin, 1968: 20, f. 121-123 (mf, S).
X. albidus Holm, 1970: 207, f. 41-42 (f).
X. l. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 237, f. 715-720 (mf).
X. l. Marusik, 1989a: 141, pl. 1, f. 7 (m).
X. l. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 234, f. 2642-2645 (mf).

mf laetus Thorell, 1875....................Italy to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031958]
X. lestus Thorell, 1875b: 91 (Dmf, lapsus).
X. l. Thorell, 1875c: 131 (Dmf).
X. orientalis Nosek, 1905b: 133, f. 13 (Df).
X. l. Logunov, 2006: 62, f. 5-6, 13-20 (mf, S).
X. l. Moscaliuc, 2012: 13, f. 6 (m).
X. l. Lecigne, 2013: 186, f. I-L (m).

mf lalandei (Audouin, 1826)....................Egypt, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031959]
Thomisus lalandii Audouin, 1826: 398, pl. 6, f. 12 (Dmf, patronym for Lalande).
X. l. Reimoser, 1919: 129.
Proxysticus l. Dalmas, 1922: 91.
X. l. Levy, 1976: 34, f. 63-64 (f, not m, =X. sinaiticus).
X. l. Levy, 1985b: 105, f. 168-169 (f, not m, =X. sinaiticus).
X. l. Levy, 1999b: 186, f. 8-10, 14 (mf).

mf lanio C. L. Koch, 1835....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031960]
X. l. C. L. Koch, 1835: 130, pl. 23-24 (Dmf).
X. l. C. L. Koch, 1845: 77, f. 1009 (m, not f).
Thomisus l. Doleschall, 1852: 631.
X. l. Simon, 1875a: 169 (Df).
X. uncatus Thorell, 1875a: 103 (Dm).
X. uncatus Thorell, 1875c: 134 (Dm).
Coriarachne fusca Menge, 1876: 424, pl. 71, f. 239 (mf, misidentified).
X. l. Becker, 1882b: 173, pl. 16, f. 1 (mf).
X. lateralis Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 93, pl. 3, f. 17 (mf, misidentified).
X. lateralis Bösenberg, 1902: 346, pl. 32, f. 510 (mf, misidentified).
X. l. Simon, 1932: 818, 822, 877, f. 1220, 1231 (mf).
X. l. Tullgren, 1944: 95, f. 36b, pl. 12, f. 181, pl. 13, f. 182-183 (mf).
X. l. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 181, f. 91C, 92A (mf).
X. l. Utochkin, 1968: 11, f. 66-68 (mf).
X. l. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1969: 80, pl. I, f. 2 (f).
X. l. Vilbaste, 1969: 55, f. 46A-B (mf).
X. l. Miller, 1971: 119, pl. XV, f. 18-19 (mf).
X. l. Braendegaard, 1972: 68, f. 36-37 (mf).
X. l. Roberts, 1985: 100, f. 39e (mf).
X. l. Izmailova, 1989: 144, f. 139 (m).
X. l. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 480, f. 1263 (mf).
X. l. Roberts, 1995: 160, f. (mf).
X. l. Esyunin & Efimik, 1995: 86, f. 12-15 (mf).
X. l. Wunderlich, 1995F: 756 (S).
X. l. Mcheidze, 1997: 158, f. 275-277 (mf).
X. l. Roberts, 1998: 169, f. (mf).
X. l. Almquist, 2006: 508, f. 429a-e (mf).

f lanio alpinus Kulczyn'ski, 1887....................Austria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031961]
X. lateralis a. Kulczyn'ski, 1887: 257 (Df).

m lanzarotensis (Wunderlich, 1992)....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031962]
Proxysticus l. Wunderlich, 1992a: 499, f. 796-797 (Dm).

m lapidarius Utochkin, 1968....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031963]
X. l. Utochkin, 1968: 38, f. 104-106 (Dm).
X. l. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 46, f. 42-43 (m).

mf lassanus Chamberlin, 1925....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031964]
X. l. Chamberlin, 1925d: 218 (Dm).
X. simplicior Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1929: 105, pl. 1, f. 10 (Dm).
X. coloradensis Bryant, 1930a: 133, pl. 7, f. 7 (Df, not m).
X. l. Gertsch, 1934b: 13, f. 7 (Df).
X. l. Gertsch, 1939b: 360, f. 124-125 (mf).
X. coloradensis Gertsch, 1939b: 380, f. 199 (f).
X. l. Gertsch, 1953: 431.
X. l. Schick, 1965: 161, f. 222-224 (mf).

mf laticeps Bryant, 1933....................USA, Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031965]
X. l. Bryant, 1933a: 178, pl. 3, f. 25 (Dm).
X. l. Gertsch, 1934b: 13, f. 14 (m).
X. l. Gertsch, 1939b: 370, f. 182-183, 191 (m, Df).
X. l. Bryant, 1940: 415, f. 198 (mf).
X. l. Gertsch, 1953: 434, f. 34-35 (mf).

m latitabundus Logunov, 1995....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031966]
X. l. Logunov, 1995a: 116, f. 4A-F (Dm).

mf lehtineni Fomichev, Marusik & Koponen, 2014....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046790]
X. l. Fomichev, Marusik & Koponen, 2014: 128, f. 1-3, 5-6, 9-11, 15-18, 21-24 (Dmf).

m lendli Kulczyn'ski, 1897....................Hungary [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031967]
X. lendlii Kulczyn'ski, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1897: 302, pl. 10, f. 64 (Dm).

mf lepnevae Utochkin, 1968....................Russia, Korea, Sakhalin [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031968]
X. l. Utochkin, 1968: 36, f. 81-82 (Df).
X. l. Ono, Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 10, f. 13-16 (f, Dm).
X. l. Kim & Lee, 2007c: 109, f. 18-35, 38-47 (mf).

f lindbergi Roewer, 1962....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031969]
X. l. Roewer, 1962a: 20, f. 104-105 (Df).
X. l. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 163, f. 63-64 (f).

mf lineatus (Westring, 1851)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031970]
Thomisus l. Westring, 1851: 61 (Dm).
Thomisus l. Westring, 1861: 428 (Df).
X. l. Thorell, 1872a: 248.
X. dentiger Simon, 1878f: 158 (Dmf).
X. dentiger Becker, 1882b: 172, pl. 16, f. 2 (mf).
X. l. Bösenberg, 1902: 355, pl. 33, f. 524 (mf).
X. l. Lessert, 1910b: 378, f. 185 (m).
X. l. Schenkel, 1932b: 208, f. 2 (f).
X. l. Simon, 1932: 831, 835, 880, f. 1250, 1259 (mf).
X. l. Tullgren, 1944: 98, f. 37a, pl. 13, f. 187-189 (mf).
X. l. Utochkin, 1968: 17, f. 92-94 (mf).
X. l. Vilbaste, 1969: 56, f. 29B, 47A-B, 48A-B (mf).
X. l. Miller, 1971: 120, pl. XV, f. 15, pl. XVI, f. 1 (mf).
X. l. Maurer, 1975: 372, f. 4 (mf).
X. l. Izmailova, 1989: 145, f. 141 (m).
X. l. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 480, f. 1265 (mf).
X. l. Mcheidze, 1997: 161, f. 290-292 (mf).
X. l. Roberts, 1998: 172, f. (mf).
X. l. Logunov, Marusik & Trilikauskas, 2001: 36, f. 3-4, 8-10 (mf).
X. l. Almquist, 2006: 510, f. 430a-f (mf).

mf locuples Keyserling, 1880....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031971]
X. l. Keyserling, 1880: 24, pl. 1, f. 9 (Dmf).
X. bicuspis Banks, 1901b: 583, pl. 33, f. 15 (mf, misidentification).
X. l. Banks, 1913: 178, pl. 11, f. 10 (mf).
X. l. Gertsch, 1939b: 357, f. 142-143 (mf).
X. l. Gertsch, 1953: 423, f. 6 (mf).
X. malkini Gertsch, 1953: 423, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
X. l. Schick, 1965: 148, f. 206-208 (mf, S).
X. l. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1245, f. 30, 33, 112, 115, 168 (mf).
X. l. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 184, f. 558-564 (mf).
X. l. Jiménez & Palacios-Cardiel, 2012a: 650, f. 1e (f).

mf loeffleri Roewer, 1955....................Greece, Turkey, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031972]
X. löffleri Roewer, 1955a: 777, f. 25 (Df).
X. afghanus Roewer, 1962a: 18, f. 99-100 (Df).
X. cribratus Utochkin, 1968: 23, f. 134 (f, misidentified).
X. turanicus Charitonov, 1969: 119, f. 11-12 (Dmf).
X. l. Brignoli, 1983c: 622.
X. turanicus Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 45, f. 39-41 (mf).
Psammitis turanicus Mikhailov & Fet, 1994: 515 (Tmf to genus synonymized by Ono, 1988)
X. l. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 156 (Sm)

f logunovi Seyfulina & Mikhailov, 2004....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040761]
X. l. Seyfulina & Mikhailov, 2004: 252, f. 6-7 (Df).

mf logunovi Ono & Martens, 2005....................Iran [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041260]
X. l. Ono & Martens, 2005: 116, f. 37-48 (Dmf; replacement name needed).

f lucifugus Lawrence, 1937....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031973]
X. l. Lawrence, 1937: 234, f. 12 (Df).

mf luctans (C. L. Koch, 1845)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031974]
Thomisus l. C. L. Koch, 1845: 63, f. 998 (Df).
Pachyptile luctuans Simon, 1864: 433.
X. quadrilineatus Keyserling, 1880: 42, pl. 1, f. 20 (Df).
X. quadrilineatus Banks, 1892a: 57, pl. 3, f. 10 (f).
X. quadrilineatus Emerton, 1892: 365, pl. 29, f. 4 (f).
X. quadrilineatus Emerton, 1902: 33, f. 98 (f).
X. l. Banks, 1910: 48.
X. l. Comstock, 1912: 536, f. 602.
X. l. Gertsch, 1939b: 369, f. 160-161, 196 (f, Dm).
X. l. Comstock, 1940: 549, f. 602 (f).
X. l. Kaston, 1948: 424, f. 1547-1548 (mf).
X. l. Gertsch, 1953: 434, f. 40-41 (mf).
X. l. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1249, f. 38, 41, 120, 123, 172 (mf).
X. l. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 203, f. 615-619 (mf).
X. l. Ono, 1981b: 70, f. 7-8 (mf).
X. l. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 234, f. 2646-2649 (mf).

mf luctator L. Koch, 1870....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031975]
Thomisus cambridgei O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 406, pl. 54, f. 9 (m, misidentified).
X. l. L. Koch, 1870: 29 (Dm).
X. l. Simon, 1875a: 160, pl. 7, f. 11 (m, not f).
X. l. Becker, 1882b: 163, pl. 15, f. 2.
X. l. Bösenberg, 1902: 352, pl. 33, f. 521 (mf).
X. asiaticus Nosek, 1905b: 132, f. 12 (Df).
X. l. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 183, f. 92D (mf).
X. cambridgei Utochkin, 1968: 9, f. 34-37 (mf).
X. cambridgei Vilbaste, 1969: 68, f. 57, 58A-B (mf).
X. l. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1969: 80, pl. I, f. 8 (m, removed from S of X. cambridgei).
X. cambridgei Tyschchenko, 1971: 123, f. 295 (f).
X. cambridgei Miller, 1971: 118, pl. XIV, f. 23 (m).
X. l. Braendegaard, 1972: 76, f. 40-41 (mf).
X. cambridgei Traciuc, 1973: 362, f. 2a (f).
X. l. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 21, f. 11A (f).
X. l. Roberts, 1985: 102, f. 40c (mf).
X. cambridgei Izmailova, 1989: 140, f. 131 (f).
X. cambridgei Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 478, f. 1258 (mf).
X. l. Roberts, 1995: 162, f. (mf).
X. l. Wunderlich, 1995F: 758, f. 39-40 (f, S).
X. cambridgei Mcheidze, 1997: 157, f. 267-269 (mf).
X. l. Roberts, 1998: 170, f. (mf).
X. l. Almquist, 2006: 511, f. 431a-e (mf).

mf luctuosus (Blackwall, 1836)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031976]
Thomisus l. Blackwall, 1836: 489 (Df).
X. convexus Thorell, 1856: 110 (D).
Thomisus l. Blackwall, 1861a: 78, pl. 4, f. 45 (f, Dm).
X. l. Thorell, 1872a: 243.
X. l. Becker, 1882b: 180, pl. 17, f. 2 (mf).
X. pulverulentus Emerton, 1894: 417, pl. 4, f. 6 (Dmf, preoccupied).
X. l. Bösenberg, 1902: 350, pl. 33, f. 517 (mf).
X. l. Simon, 1932: 832, 880, f. 1251, 1258 (mf).
X. lutulentus Gertsch, 1934b: 8, f. 9 (Df).
X. lutulentus Gertsch, 1939b: 396, f. 242-243, 262 (f, Dm).
X. mysticus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 79, pl. 17, f. 225 (Df).
X. l. Tullgren, 1944: 100, f. 37b, pl. 13, f. 190-191, pl. 14, f. 192-193 (mf).
X. l. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 185, f. 93D, 94A (mf).
X. lutulentus Gertsch, 1953: 453.
X. lutulentus Levi & Field, 1954: 461, f. 84, 91 (mf).
X. l. Utochkin, 1968: 17, f. 89-91 (mf).
X. l. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1257, f. 66, 69, 143, 146, 179 (mf, S).
X. l. Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1969: 80, pl. I, f. 7 (m).
X. l. Vilbaste, 1969: 72, f. 61A-B, 62A-B (mf).
X. l. Miller, 1971: 122, pl. XV, f. 13-14 (mf).
X. l. Braendegaard, 1972: 92, f. 49-50 (mf).
X. l. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 227, f. 685-689 (mf).
X. l. Roberts, 1985: 102, f. 40e (mf).
X. l. van Helsdingen, 1986b: 87, f. 1, 3, 5, 7 (mf).
X. l. Ono, Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 8, f. 5-7 (mf).
X. l. Izmailova, 1989: 146, f. 142 (f).
X. l. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 480, f. 1267 (mf).
Proxysticus l. Wunderlich, 1992a: 499, f. 798 (m).
X. l. Roberts, 1995: 163, f. (mf).
X. l. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 157, f. 28-29 (m).
X. l. Mcheidze, 1997: 160, f. 287-289 (mf).
X. l. Roberts, 1998: 172, f. (mf).
X. l. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 235, f. 2650-2652 (m, not f, f. 2653).
X. l. Paquin & Dupérré, 2006: 32, f. 95 (f).
X. l. Almquist, 2006: 511, f. 432a-g (mf).

mf lutzi Gertsch, 1935....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031977]
X. fissilis Banks, 1898b: 259 (f, misidentified).
X. l. Gertsch, 1935a: 27 (Dm).
X. arizonicus Gertsch, 1939b: 377, f. 195 (Df).
X. l. Gertsch, 1939b: 382, f. 210-211 (m).
X. l. Schick, 1965: 155, f. 216, 225-226 (m, Sf).

mf macedonicus Silhavy, 1944....................Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Macedonia, Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031978]
X. m. Silhavy, 1944: 91, f. 1 (Dm).
X. m. Jantscher, 2001: 17, f. 5-8, 11-12, 19-21, 28-30 (m, Df).

f maculatipes Roewer, 1962....................Afghanistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031979]
X. m. Roewer, 1962a: 19, f. 101-103 (Df).

mf maculiger Roewer, 1951....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031980]
X. maculosus O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 66 (Df; preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1837, not by Keyserling, 1880 as per Roewer, 1951: 449).
X. maculatus Caporiacco, 1935b: 184, pl. 3, f. 13 (f, Dm, lapsus).
X. m. Roewer, 1951: 449 (replacement name).

f madeirensis (Wunderlich, 1992)....................Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031981]
Proxysticus m. Wunderlich, 1992a: 500, f. 799-801 (Df).

f manas Song & Zhu, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031982]
X. sabulosus Hu & Wu, 1989: 353, f. 278.3-4 (f, misidentified).
X. sabulosus Zhao, 1993: 384, f. 190a-b (f, misidentified).
X. m. Song & Zhu, 1995: 117, f. 2A-B (Df).
X. m. Song & Zhu, 1997: 94, f. 61A-B (f).
X. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 503, f. 286F (f).

mf marmoratus Thorell, 1875....................Austria, Crete to Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031983]
X. m. Thorell, 1875b: 92 (Dmf).
X. m. Thorell, 1875c: 135 (Dmf).
X. m. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 94, pl. 3, f. 34 (f).
X. gymnocephalus Strand, 1915c: 148 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031914].
X. embriki Kolosváry, 1935c: 37, f. 3-4 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031878].
X. embriki Kolosváry, 1935d: 285, f. a-b (m).
X. sabulosus embriki Kolosváry, 1936a: 95, 112, f. 3-4, 7-10 (m, Df).
X. embriki Kolosváry, 1936b: 46, f. II (m).
X. embriki Silhavy, 1938: 89, f. 1-3 (mf).
X. jézéqueli Karol, 1966a: 1, f. 1-3 (Dm).
X. m. Utochkin, 1968: 19, f. 113-114 (m).
X. embriki Miller, 1971: 121, pl. XV, f. 2, pl. LXII, f. 19 (mf).
X. gymnocephalus Levy, 1976: 32, f. 57-58 (f).
X. jezequeli Levy, 1976: 33, f. 59-60 (m).
X. gymnocephalus Levy, 1985b: 103, f. 162-163 (f).
X. jezequeli Levy, 1985b: 104, f. 164-165 (m).
X. gymnocephalus Assi, 1986: 44 (S).
X. embriki Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 154, f. 40-41 (m).
X. m. Mcheidze, 1997: 163, f. 305-306 (m).
X. embriki Hepner et al., 2011: 38, f. 5-10 (mf).
X. m. Bosmans et al., 2013: 9 (S).

m martensi Ono, 1978....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031984]
X. m. Ono, 1978b: 278, f. 39-41, 71 (Dm).

mf marusiki Ono & Martens, 2005....................Turkey, Iran [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040763]
X. m. Ono & Martens, 2005: 112, f. 13-23 (Dmf).
X. m. Demir, Seyyar & Aktas, 2008: 17P, f. 1-4 (m).

mf minor Charitonov, 1946....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031985]
X. m. Charitonov, 1946: 28, f. 47 (Dm; see also Charitonov, 1969: 120).
X. m. Utochkin, 1968: 19, f. 115-117 (m).
X. m. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 44, f. 32-36 (m, Df).

mf mongolicus Schenkel, 1963....................Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031987]
X. m. Schenkel, 1963: 226, f. 127a-c (Dm).
X. m. Song, Yu & Yang, 1982: 210, f. 4-7 (m, Df).
X. m. Hu, 1984: 349, f. 362.3-6 (mf).
X. m. Song, 1987: 284, f. 241 (mf).
X. m. Hu & Wu, 1989: 348, f. 276.1-4 (mf).
X. m. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 47, f. 48-49 (m).
X. m. Chen & Gao, 1990: 176, f. 224a-c (mf).
X. m. Zhao, 1993: 388, f. 193a-b (mf).
X. m. Utochkin & Savelyeva, 1995: 67, f. 1A-G (mf; N.B.: f of X. urgumchak Marusik & Logunov, 1990 belongs here).
X. m. Song & Zhu, 1997: 95, f. 62A-D (mf).
X. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 503, f. 286G, P (mf).

mf montanensis Keyserling, 1887....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031988]
X. m. Keyserling, 1887b: 479, pl. 6, f. 40 (Dmf).
X. m. Banks, 1901b: 583, pl. 33, f. 19 (f).
X. hesperus Gertsch, 1934b: 6, f. 11 (Dmf).
X. m. Gertsch, 1939b: 395, f. 238-239, 263 (mf).
X. m. Gertsch, 1953: 451.
X. m. Schick, 1965: 164, f. 239, 241-242 (mf).
X. m. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1255, f. 62, 65, 142, 145, 176 (mf).
X. m. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 222, f. 672-676 (mf).
X. m. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 235, f. 2654-2657 (mf).

mf mugur Marusik, 1990....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031989]
X. m. Marusik, in Marusik & Chevrizov, 1990: 91, f. 7-8 (Dm).
X. m. Logunov & Marusik, 1994b: 187, f. 6-7 (Df).
X. m. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 253, f. 37.20 (m).

f mulleri Lawrence, 1952....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031990]
X. m. Lawrence, 1952a: 202, f. 33 (Df).

j multiaculeatus Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031991]
X. m. Caporiacco, 1940c: 849 (Dj).

j mundulus O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031992]
X. m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 69 (Dj).

f namaquensis Simon, 1910....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031993]
X. n. Simon, 1910b: 195 (Df).

mf natalensis Lawrence, 1938....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031994]
X. n. Lawrence, 1938a: 487, f. 18 (Dm).
X. n. Lawrence, 1952a: 201, f. 30 (Df).

f nataliae Utochkin, 1968....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031995]
X. n. Utochkin, 1968: 37, f. 83-84 (Df).

f nebulo Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031996]
X. n. Simon, 1909e: 142 (Df).

mf nenilini Marusik, 1989....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031997]
X. n. Marusik, 1989a: 140, pl. 1, f. 1-2 (Dm).
X. n. Logunov & Marusik, 1994b: 188, f. 8-9 (Df).

m nepalhimalaicus Ono, 1978....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031998]
X. n. Ono, 1978b: 276, f. 36-38, 69 (Dm).
X. n. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 45, f. 37-38 (m).

mf nevadensis (Keyserling, 1880)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:031999]
Oxyptila n. Keyserling, 1880: 50, pl. 1, f. 25 (Df).
Ozyptila n. Gertsch, 1939b: 347, f. 112-113, 132 (f, Dm).
X. knowltoni Gertsch, 1939b: 399, f. 244-245 (Dm).
X. knowltoni Gertsch, 1953: 452, f. 58 (Df).
Ozyptila n. Gertsch, 1953: 467, f. 84 (mf).
X. knowltoni Schick, 1965: 167, f. 247-249 (mf).
X. n. Dondale & Redner, 1975a: 134 (Tf from Ozyptila, Sm).

m nigriceps Berland, 1922....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032000]
X. n. Berland, 1922: 60, pl. A2, f. 2 (Dm).

mf nigromaculatus Keyserling, 1884....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032001]
X. n. Keyserling, 1884b: 670, pl. 21, f. 18 (Df).
X. n. Gertsch, 1939b: 402, f. 250-251, 264 (f, Dm).
X. n. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1260, f. 73, 76, 154, 157 (mf).
X. n. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 231, f. 698-701 (mf).

f nigropunctatus L. Koch, 1867....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032002]
X. n. L. Koch, 1867b: 217 (Df).

m nigrotrivittatus (Simon, 1870)....................Portugal, Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032003]
Thomisus nigro-trivittatus Simon, 1870b: 320 (Dm; N.B.: listed as X. nigrovittatus in Bonnet, a lapsus).
Thomisus nigro-trivittatus Simon, 1873a: 170, pl. 3, f. 12 (m).
X. n. Simon, 1875a: 179.
X. albovittatus Schenkel, 1938b: 8, f. 3 (Dm).
X. n. Machado, 1941: xv (S).
X. n. Wunderlich, 1995F: 755, f. 23-24 (m).

mf ninnii Thorell, 1872....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032004]
X. n. Thorell, 1872a: 246 (Dm).
X. defectus O. P.-Cambridge, 1873g: 541, pl. 15, f. 9 (Dm).
X. jucundus Simon, 1873c: 328, pl. 10, f. 2 (Dm, not f).
X. n. Simon, 1875a: 180 (Df).
X. perileucus Simon, 1876e: 180 (Df).
X. n. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 94, pl. 3, f. 35 (mf).
X. n. Simon, 1932: 829, 833, 879, f. 1246, 1256 (mf).
X. n. Crome, 1965: 424, f. 1-7, 22-23 (mf).
X. n. Utochkin, 1968: 19, f. 107-109 (mf).
X. n. Azheganova, 1968: 122, f. 266, 270 (mf).
X. n. Wunderlich, 1969: 381, f. 1-4 (f).
X. ninni Tyschchenko, 1971: 122, f. 299 (f).
X. n. Miller, 1971: 120, pl. XV, f. 8-9 (mf).
X. n. Thaler, 1981c: 123, f. 54-56 (m).
X. n. Izmailova, 1989: 146, f. 143 (f).
X. n. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 482, F. 1273 (mf).
X. n. Mcheidze, 1997: 162, f. 299-301 (mf).
X. n. Roberts, 1998: 171, f. (mf).
X. n. Pesarini, 2000: 389, f. 31-32 (mf).

mf ninnii fusciventris Crome, 1965....................Eastern Europe to Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032005]
X. n. f. Crome, 1965: 428, f. 8-21, 24-31 (Dmf).
X. n. f. Utochkin & Savelyeva, 1995: 67, f. 2A-E (mf).
X. n. f. Ono & Martens, 2005: 110, f. 5-12 (mf).

mf nitidus Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038199]
X. n. Hu, 2001: 358, f. 220.1-5 (Dmf).

mf nubilus Simon, 1875....................Mediterranean, Macaronesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032006]
X. comptulus Simon, 1873c: 333, pl. 10, f. 3-4 (f, not m).
X. n. Simon, 1875a: 166 (Df, not m).
X. comptulus Simon, 1875a: 177 (Df, not m).
X. baleatus Simon, 1875a: 178 (Df).
X. insulanus Thorell, 1875c: 132 (Dmf).
X. hamatus Thorell, 1875c: 133 (Dmf).
X. insulanus Simon, 1883: 264, pl. 8, f. 1 (m, not f).
X. insulanus Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 406, pl. 8, f. 85-86 (mf).
X. n. Simon, 1932: 814, 825, 875, f. 1213, 1236 (mf).

f nyingchiensis Song & Zhu, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032007]
X. n. Song & Zhu, 1995: 118, f. 3A-B (Df).
X. n. Song & Zhu, 1997: 97, f. 63A-B (f).
X. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 503, f. 286H (f).
X. n. Hu, 2001: 360, f. 221.1-2 (f).

f obesus Thorell, 1875....................Russia, Ukraine [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032008]
X. o. Thorell, 1875b: 89 (Df).
X. o. Thorell, 1875c: 130 (Df).
X. o. Charitonov, 1969: 118, f. 10 (f).

mf obscurus Collett, 1877....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032009]
X. o. Collett, 1877: 9 (Dm).
X. austerus L. Koch, 1879c: 99, pl. 3, f. 12 (Df).
X. austerus Kulczyn'ski, 1908b: 52, pl. 2, f. 65 (m).
X. austerus Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 22, pl. 1, f. 25 (f).
X. o. Tullgren, 1944: 84, f. 33b, pl. 10, f. 153-155 (m, Df).
X. o. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1250, f. 43, 46, 125, 128, 174 (mf).
X. o. Buchar, 1967b: 83, f. 2A (f).
X. o. Utochkin, 1968: 9, f. 38-40 (mf).
X. austerus Utochkin, 1968: 10, 14 (not a senior synonym of X. excellens).
X. o. Vilbaste, 1969: 66, f. 55A-B, 56A-B (mf).
X. o. Miller, 1971: 119, pl. LXII, f. 17-18 (mf).
X. o. Holm, 1973: 106 (S).
X. o. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 207, f. 625-630 (mf).
X. o. Ono, 1981b: 70, f. 3-4 (mf).
X. o. Izmailova, 1989: 147, f. 144 (f).
X. o. Thaler & Knoflach, 1995b: 145, f. 1-3, 6, 8, 10-13, 15-16 (mf).
X. o. Logunov & Marusik, 1998: 106, f. 5-6, 11-12 (mf).
X. o. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 235, f. 2658-2661 (mf).
X. o. Almquist, 2006: 514, f. 433a-e (mf).

mf ocala Gertsch, 1953....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032010]
X. o. Gertsch, 1953: 440, f. 53-56 (Dmf).

mf orizaba Banks, 1898....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032012]
X. o. Banks, 1898b: 260, pl. 16, f. 6 (Dmf).
X. o. Gertsch, 1953: 441, f. 48-50 (mf).

m ovadan Marusik & Logunov, 1995....................Turkmenistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032013]
X. o. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 146, f. 24-25 (Dm).

mf ovatus Simon, 1876....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032014]
X. o. Simon, 1876e: 180 (Df).
X. o. Simon, 1932: 826, 877, f. 1239 (f).
X. o. crassihamatus Denis, 1951e: 309, f. 1 (Df).
X. o. Bosmans & Jacobs, 1985: 121, f. 1 (Dm, S).

mf ovcharenkoi Marusik & Logunov, 1990....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032015]
X. o. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 37, f. 14-17 (Dmf).

mf paiutus Gertsch, 1933....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032016]
X. p. Gertsch, 1933a: 17, f. 16, 20 (Dmf).
X. orizaba Gertsch, 1939b: 378, f. 154-155, 190 (mf, in part).
X. p. Gertsch, 1953: 441, f. 42-44 (mf).
X. paintus Roewer, 1955c: 915 (lapsus).

mf palawanicus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032017]
X. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 247, f. 145a-h (Dmf).

m palpimirabilis Marusik & Chevrizov, 1990....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032018]
X. p. Marusik & Chevrizov, 1990: 89, f. 1-6 (Dm).

f paniscus L. Koch, 1875....................Germany [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032019]
X. p. L. Koch, 1875c: 9, pl. 1, f. 7 (Df).
X. p. Bösenberg, 1902: 348, pl. 32, f. 513a-b (f).

mf parallelus Simon, 1873....................Corsica, Sardinia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032020]
X. p. Simon, 1873c: 330, pl. 10, f. 6-7 (Dmf).
X. p. Simon, 1932: 829, 836, 879, f. 1247, 1262 (mf).

f parapunctatus Song & Zhu, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032021]
X. excavatus Hu & Wu, 1989: 346, f. 275.1-2 (f, misidentified).
X. p. Song & Zhu, 1995: 118, f. 4A-B (Df).
X. p. Song & Zhu, 1997: 99, f. 65A-B (f).
X. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 503, f. 287B (f).

m pearcei Schick, 1965....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032022]
X. p. Schick, 1965: 166, f. 244 (Dm).
X. p. Jiménez & Palacios-Cardiel, 2012a: 652, f. 1f (m).

f peccans O. P.-Cambridge, 1876....................Egypt [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032023]
X. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 584 (Dj).
X. p. Caporiacco, 1936a: 103 (Df).

mf pellax O. P.-Cambridge, 1894....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032024]
X. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 138, pl. 17, f. 14 (Dm).
X. fissilis Banks, 1898b: 258, pl. 16, f. 5 (Dm, not f).
X. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1900: 147, pl. 10, f. 11-12 (m, Df).
X. ontariensis Emerton, 1919a: 108, f. 16 (Dm).
X. ontariensis Gertsch, 1939b: 355, f. 164 (m, Df).
X. ontariensis Kaston, 1948: 423, pl. 83, f. 1550 (mf).
X. p. Gertsch, 1953: 421, f. 1-2 (mf).
X. p. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1237, f. 7, 10, 86, 89, 92 (mf).
X. p. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 181, f. 547-553 (mf).
X. p. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 235, f. 2662-2665 (mf).

mf peninsulanus Gertsch, 1934....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032025]
X. p. Gertsch, 1934b: 7 (Dm).
X. p. Gertsch, 1939b: 371, f. 180-181, 194 (m, Df).

f pentagonius Seyfulina & Mikhailov, 2004....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040764]
X. p. Seyfulina & Mikhailov, 2004: 252, f. 3-5 (Df).

m periscelis Simon, 1908....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032026]
X. p. Simon, 1908d: 431 (Dm).

m pieperi Ono & Martens, 2005....................Iran [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040765]
X. p. Ono & Martens, 2005: 118, f. 53-57 (Dm).

j pigrides Mello-Leitão, 1929....................Cape Verde Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032027]
Thomisus piger Blackwall, 1865a: 85 (Df; preoccupied).
X. piger Simon, 1883: 302.
X. pigrides Mello-Leitão, 1929d: 311 (replacement name).
X. blackwalli Roewer, 1951: 449 (unnecessary replacement name).

f pinocorticalis (Wunderlich, 1992)....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032028]
Proxysticus p. Wunderlich, 1992a: 500, f. 802-805 (Df).

f posti Sauer, 1968....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032029]
X. p. Sauer, 1968: 1149, f. 5-6 (Df).
X. p. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 187, f. 569-570 (f).

m potamon Ono, 1978....................Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032030]
X. p. Ono, 1978b: 277, f. 33-35, 70 (Dm).

mf pretiosus Gertsch, 1934....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032031]
X. p. Gertsch, 1934b: 6, f. 3 (Dm).
X. p. Gertsch, 1939b: 362, f. 167, 202-203 (m, Df).
X. p. Schick, 1965: 154, f. 213-215 (mf).
X. p. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1246, f. 32, 35, 114, 117 (mf).
X. p. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 183, f. 554-557 (mf).

mf promiscuus O. P.-Cambridge, 1876....................Egypt, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032032]
X. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 581 (Dmf).
X. cristatus Levy, 1976: 18, f. 28-32 (mf, misidentified).
X. cristatus Levy, 1985b: 90, f. 133-137 (mf, misidentified).
X. p. Wunderlich, 1995F: 752 (removed mf from S of X. cristatus, contra Levy, 1976: 18).
X. p. Azarkina & Logunov, 2001: 148, f. 53-68 (m).

mf pseudobliteus (Simon, 1880)....................Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032033]
Oxyptila pseudoblitea Simon, 1880b: 109 (Df).
X. chaffanjoni Schenkel, 1963: 225, f. 126a-c (Df).
X. acerboides Schenkel, 1963: 229, f. 128a-b (Dm).
X. bonneti Schenkel, 1963: 231, f. 129a-c (Df).
X. crassus Tyschchenko, 1965: 699, f. 5 (Df).
Ozyptila coreana Paik, 1974c: 121, f. 3, 14-17, 24-25 (Dm).
Ozyptila pseudoblitea Song & Hubert, 1983: 10, f. 24-27 (mf, S).
Ozyptila coreana Hu, 1984: 321, f. 338.1-6 (m, Df).
Ozyptila pseudablitea Zhu et al., 1985: 175, f. 156a-c (m).
Ozyptila pseudoblitea Song, 1987: 258, f. 214 (mf).
X. pseudoblitea Zhang, 1987: 208, 211, 228, f. 180.1-3, 183.1-2, 200 (Tmf from Ozyptila, S).
X. schenkeli Marusik, 1989a: 144 (replacement name for X. bonneti Schenkel, preoccupied by Denis, 1938 but already synonymized with Ozyptila pseudoblitea by Song & Hubert, 1983: 10).
X. coreanus Logunov, 1995a: 117, f. 5A-B (m; N.B.: Logunov makes no mention of the S of this specific name by Zhang, 1987).
Ozyptila pseudoblitea Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 139 (S).
X. pseudoblitea Song & Zhu, 1997: 101, f. 67A-D (mf).
X. pseudoblitea Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 503, f. 287D, J (mf).
X. pseudoblitea Zhang, 2000: 37, f. 5A-B (m).
X. pseudoblitea Hu, 2001: 362, f. 223.1-4 (mf).
X. p. Kim & Gwon, 2001: 57,f. 120-123 (mf).
X. pseudoblitea Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 418, f. 177A-D (mf).
X. p. Namkung, 2002: 553, f. 42.36a-b (mf).
X. p. Namkung, 2003: 556, f. 42.36a-b (mf).
X. p. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 469, f. 339A-D (mf).

mf pseudocristatus Azarkina & Logunov, 2001....................Pakistan, Central Asia to China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037375]
X. cristatus Ono, 1978b: 273, f. 6-7 (m, misidentified).
X. cristatus Hu & Wu, 1989: 345, f. 274.1-4 (mf, misidentified).
X. cristatus Song & Zhu, 1997: 76, f. 46A-C (mf, misidentified).
X. cristatus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 501, f. 285L (m, misidentified).
X. p. Azarkina & Logunov, 2001: 134, f. 2-15 (Dmf).
X. cristatus Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 413, f. 273A-C (mf, misidentified).
X. p. Logunov, Ballarin & Marusik, 2011: 239, f. 19-22 (mf).

m pseudolanio Wunderlich, 1995....................Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032034]
X. p. Wunderlich, 1995F: 756, f. 34-35 (Dm).

m pseudoluctuosus Marusik & Logunov, 1995....................Turkey, Tajikistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032035]
X. p. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 147, f. 26-27 (Dm).
X. p. Demir, Aktas & Topçu, 2010b: 256, f. 4A-B (m).

mf pseudorectilineus (Wunderlich, 1995)....................Greece, Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032036]
Psammitis p. Wunderlich, 1995F: 764, f. 52-53 (Dm).
X. p. Demir, Aktas & Seyyar, 2008: 65, f. 1-7 (m, Df).

mf pulcherrimus Keyserling, 1880....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032037]
X. p. Keyserling, 1880: 14, pl. 1, f. 4 (Dmf).

mf punctatus Keyserling, 1880....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032038]
X. p. Keyserling, 1880: 30, pl. 1, f. 13 (Dm).
X. formosus Banks, 1892a: 56, pl. 3, f. 9 (Df).
X. formosus Emerton, 1892: 365, pl. 29, f. 3 (Dm).
X. formosus Comstock, 1912: 534, f. 595.
X. p. Banks, 1913: 178, pl. 11, f. 9 (m).
X. formosus Chamberlin, 1933b: 124, f. 5 (m).
X. p. Gertsch, 1939b: 393, f. 236-237, 265 (mf).
X. p. Kaston, 1948: 428, f. 1520-1521, 1538 (mf).
X. p. Schick, 1965: 162, f. 235-237 (mf).
X. p. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1256, f. 61, 64, 138, 141, 178 (mf).
X. p. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 220, f. 667-671 (mf).
X. p. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 236, f. 2666-2669 (mf).

f pygmaeus Tyschchenko, 1965....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032039]
X. p. Tyschchenko, 1965: 700, f. 7 (Df).

f pynurus Tikader, 1968....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032040]
X. p. Tikader, 1968a: 249, f. 1-2 (Df).
X. p. Tikader, 1968b: 112, f. 52-53 (f).
X. p. Tikader, 1971a: 52, f. 14N-P (f).
X. p. Tikader, 1980a: 123, f. 171-172 (f).

f quadratus Tang & Song, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032041]
X. q. Tang & Song, 1988a: 252, f. 25-27 (Df; N.B.: possible synonym of X. baltistanus per Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 47).
X. q. Song & Zhu, 1997: 102, f. 68A-C (f).
X. q. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 503, f. 287E (f).
X. q. Zhang et al., 2000: 37, f. 4A-B (f).

f quadrispinus Caporiacco, 1933....................Libya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032042]
X. quadrispina Caporiacco, 1933: 326 (Df).

f quadrispinus concolor Caporiacco, 1933....................Libya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032043]
X. quadrispina c. Caporiacco, 1933: 327 (Df).

m quagga Jocqué, 1977....................Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032044]
X. q. Jocqué, 1977c: 329, f. 3A-C (Dm).

f rainbowi Strand, 1901....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032045]
X. obscurus Rainbow, 1898a: 345, pl. 7, f. 9 (Df, preoccupied).
X. r. Strand, 1901c: 66 (replacement name).

mf rectilineus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Syria, Lebanon, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032046]
Thomisus r. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 306 (Dj).
X. r. Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 31, pl. 1, f. 30, 32-33 (Dmf).
X. r. Levy, 1976: 4, f. 4-8 (mf).
X. r. Levy, 1985b: 76, f. 109-113 (mf).

mf robinsoni Gertsch, 1953....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032047]
X. r. Gertsch, 1953: 441, f. 46 (Dmf).
X. r. Cokendolpher & Horner, 1980: 109, f. 1-3 (Df).

mf robustus (Hahn, 1832)....................Europe to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032048]
Thomisus r. Hahn, 1832: 50, f. 38 (Df).
Thomisus obscurus Hahn, 1833b: 1, pl. 26, f. C (Df).
Thomisus r. Hahn, 1836: 1, pl. 30, f. c (f).
X. morio C. L. Koch, 1837a: 61, f. 289 (Dm).
X. fuscus C. L. Koch, 1837b: 26.
X. lanio C. L. Koch, 1845: 77, f. 1012 (f).
X. fuccatus Prach, 1866: 618 (Dmf).
Thomisus brevitarsis Simon, 1870b: 317 (Df).
X. fuscus Thorell, 1873: 538.
X. r. Simon, 1875a: 195 (m).
X. lanio Menge, 1876: 434, pl. 72, f. 245 (mf).
Thomisus fuscus Lebert, 1877: 268.
X. r. Becker, 1882b: 186, pl. 18, f. 2 (mf).
X. fuscus Dahl, 1883: 73 (Dmf).
X. r. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 96, pl. 3, f. 18 (mf).
X. r. Bösenberg, 1902: 347, pl. 32, f. 512 (mf).
X. r. O. P.-Cambridge, 1910: 62, pl. A, f. 26-28 (mf).
X. r. Simon, 1932: 837, 839, 880, f. 1265, 1268 (mf).
X. r. Tullgren, 1944: 96, pl. 13, f. 184-186 (mf).
X. r. Tullgren, 1946: 131, pl. 21, f. 275 (f).
X. r. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 186, f. 93B, 94B (mf).
X. r. Tullgren, 1952: 155, f. 3a-b (f).
X. r. Utochkin, 1968: 23, f. 130-131 (m).
X. r. Vilbaste, 1969: 74, f. 63, 64A-B (mf).
X. r. Tyschchenko, 1971: 120, f. 287 (m).
X. r. Miller, 1971: 120, pl. XV, f. 10, pl. XVI, f. 3 (mf).
X. r. Braendegaard, 1972: 96, f. 51 (f).
X. r. Hidalgo, 1983: 364, f. 2A-B (m).
X. r. Roberts, 1985: 102, f. 41b (mf).
X. r. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 480, f. 1269 (mf).
X. r. Roberts, 1995: 163, f. (mf).
X. r. Mcheidze, 1997: 165, f. 314-316 (mf).
X. r. Roberts, 1998: 173, f. (mf).
X. r. Jantscher, 2002: 331, f. 3-4 (m).
X. r. Almquist, 2006: 514, f. 434a-e (mf).

f robustus strandianus Ermolajev, 1937....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032049]
X. r. s. Ermolajev, 1937a: 522, f. 1 (Df).

mf rockefelleri Gertsch, 1953....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032050]
X. r. Gertsch, 1953: 435, f. 37-39 (Dmf).

mf roonwali Tikader, 1964....................India, Nepal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032051]
X. r. Tikader, 1964a: 263, f. 5a-c (Dmf).
X. r. Tikader, 1971a: 46, f. 14A-C (mf).
X. r. Tikader, 1980a: 112, f. 154-156 (mf).

mf rostratus Ono, 1988....................Russia, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032052]
X. r. Ono, 1988c: 82, f. 65-69 (Dmf).
X. r. Ono, Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 8, f. 8-12 (mf).
X. r. Ono, 2009a: 513, f. 142-145 (mf).
X. r. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 253, f. 37.19, 28 (mf).

mf rugosus Buckle & Redner, 1964....................Russia, Canada, USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032053]
X. bimaculatus Emerton, 1894: 416, pl. 4, f. 5 (Df; preoccupied by L. Koch, 1867).
X. r. Buckle & Redner, 1964: 1141, f. 7-8 (f, replacement name).
X. r. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1264, f. 162, 165 (f).
X. r. Leech, 1969a: 633, f. 1-2 (Dm).
X. r. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 236, f. 711-714 (mf).
X. r. Marusik, 1989a: 142, pl. 2, f. 9 (m).
X. r. Logunov & Marusik, 1994b: 191, f. 20-22 (mf).
X. r. Marusik & Logunov, 1996: 134, f. 17-23 (mf).

mf ryukyuensis Ono, 2002....................Ryukyu Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:039042]
X. r. Ono, 2002e: 202, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
X. r. Ono, 2009a: 515, f. 170-174 (mf).

mf sabulosus (Hahn, 1832)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032054]
Thomisus s. Hahn, 1832: 28, f. 24 (Dmf).
X. s. C. L. Koch, 1845: 64, f. 999-1000 (mf).
Thomisus setosus Westring, 1851: 50 (Df).
Thomisus cambridgei Blackwall, 1858a: 426 (Df).
Thomisus s. Blackwall, 1861a: 72, f. 41 (mf).
Thomisus cinereus Blackwall, 1861a: 74, pl. 4, f. 43 (Df).
Thomisus cambridgei Blackwall, 1861a: 81, pl. 4, f. 47 (f).
Thomisus calcaratus Westring, 1861: 420 (Dm).
Thomisus gloveri Blackwall, 1868: 405 (Df).
Thomisus rufopictus O. P.-Cambridge, 1873a: 436 (Df).
X. impavidus Thorell, 1872a: 230 (Dm).
X. calcaratus Thorell, 1872a: 242.
X. s. Thorell, 1872a: 249.
X. setosus Thorell, 1872a: 250.
X. cambridgei Thorell, 1873: 425.
Psammitis s. Menge, 1876: 449, pl. 75, f. 254 (mf).
X. s. Simon, 1875a: 189, pl. 7, f. 13 (mf).
X. impavidus Menge, 1876: 433, pl. 72, f. 244 (m, Df).
X. cinereus O. P.-Cambridge, 1881a: 536.
X. s. Becker, 1882b: 184, pl. 18, f. 1 (mf).
X. impavidus Hansen, 1882: 68, pl. 4, f. 15 (mf).
X. s. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 93, pl. 3, f. 32 (mf).
X. s. Bösenberg, 1902: 348, pl. 32, f. 514 (mf).
X. s. Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 23, pl. 2, f. 40, 43-44 (mf).
X. cambridgei Simon, 1932: 817, 823, 877, f. 1218, 1232 (mf).
X. s. Simon, 1932: 830, 835, 879, f. 1248, 1261 (mf).
X. s. Kolosváry, 1936b: 46, f. I (m).
X. calcaratus Tullgren, 1942: 226, 233.
X. setosus Tullgren, 1942: 226, 233.
X. cambridgei Tullgren, 1944: 85, f. 34a, pl. 10, f. 156-157, pl. 11, f. 158 (mf).
X. s. Tullgren, 1944: 101, f. 37c, pl. 13, f. 194-196 (mf).
X. s. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 185, f. 93A, C (mf, S).
X. s. Roewer, 1962a: 17, f. 96-98 (mf).
X. s. Vilbaste, 1969: 70, f. 59, 60A-B (mf).
X. s. Tyschchenko, 1971: 122, f. 289 (m).
X. s. Miller, 1971: 121, pl. XV, f. 3, 7 (mf).
X. s. Braendegaard, 1972: 88, f. 46-48 (mf).
X. s. Thaler, 1981c: 122, f. 52, 57 (m).
X. s. Roberts, 1985: 102, f. 40d (mf).
X. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 482, f. 1272 (mf).
X. s. Roberts, 1995: 162, f. (mf).
X. s. Mcheidze, 1997: 162, f. 302-304 (mf).
X. s. Roberts, 1998: 170, f. (mf).
Psammitis s. Lehtinen, 2002: 319, f. 8 (m).
X. s. Jantscher, 2002: 332, f. 5-6 (m).
X. s. Almquist, 2006: 517, f. 435a-g (mf).

mf sabulosus occidentalis Kulczyn'ski, 1916....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032055]
X. s. occidentalum Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 24, pl. 2, f. 41-42, 45 (Dmf).

mf saganus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032056]
X. s. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 261, pl. 10, f. 155 (Dm).
X. s. Yaginuma, 1960: 97, f. 84 (m).
X. s. Yaginuma, 1966c: 34, f. 9 (f).
X. s. Yaginuma, 1966d: 36 (Sf).
X. s. Yaginuma, 1967b: 90, f. 1i-j (mf).
X. s. Yaginuma, 1971: 97, f. 84 (mf).
X. s. Paik, 1975: 181, f. 19-23 (m).
X. s. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 76, f. 65 (f).
X. s. Guo, 1985: 173, f. 2-98.1-3 (mf).
X. s. Zhu et al., 1985: 195, f. 177a-c (f).
X. s. Yaginuma, 1986a: 201, f. 112.3 (m).
X. s. Zhang, 1987: 231, f. 204.1-2 (f).
X. s. Ono, 1988c: 107, f. 99-104 (mf; includes f of X. bifidus; not a senior synonym of X. tunicatus).
X. s. Wu & Song, 1989: 32, f. 6C-D (m).
X. s. Chikuni, 1989b: 144, f. 28 (mf).
X. s. Chen & Gao, 1990: 176, f. 225a-b (mf).
X. s. Marusik & Logunov, 1996: 135, f. 27-33 (mf).
X. s. Song & Zhu, 1997: 104, f. 69A-D (mf).
X. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 503, f. 287F, K (mf).
X. s. Kim & Gwon, 2001: 58, f. 116-119 (mf).
X. s. Namkung, 2002: 549, f. 42.31a-b (mf).
X. s. Kim & Cho, 2002: 169, f. 319-324 (mf).
X. s. Namkung, 2003: 552, f. 42.31a-b (mf).
X. s. Ono, 2009a: 515, f. 175-179 (mf).
X. s. Yin et al., 2012: 1321, f. 714a-c (f).

mf sagittifer Lawrence, 1927....................Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032057]
X. s. Lawrence, 1927: 37, pl. 1, f. 24 (Df).
X. s. Lawrence, 1928: 247, pl. 22, f. 30 (Dm).

m sansan Levy, 2007....................Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041261]
X. s. Levy, 2007: 25, f. 63-64 (Dm).

m sardiniensis (Wunderlich, 1995)....................Sardinia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032058]
Psammitis s. Wunderlich, 1995F: 763, f. 50-51 (Dm).

mf schoutedeni Lessert, 1943....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032059]
X. s. Lessert, 1943: 331, f. 31-34 (Dmf).

mf secedens L. Koch, 1876....................Austria, Balkans [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032060]
X. s. L. Koch, 1876b: 329 (Dm).
X. s. Thaler, 1981c: 123, f. 50-51, 53, 58 (mf).
X. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 482, f. 1271 (mf).
X. s. Lazarov, 2004: 163, f. 6-7 (f).

f semicarinatus Simon, 1932....................France, Spain, Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032061]
X. s. Simon, 1932: 827, 875, f. 1241 (Df).
X. s. Hidalgo, 1983: 363, f. 1H (f).

mf seserlig Logunov & Marusik, 1994....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032062]
X. s. Logunov & Marusik, 1994b: 191, f. 10-11, 11A (Dm).
X. s. Marusik & Logunov, 2002b: 316, f. 6-10 (m, Df).

f setiger O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Pakistan, India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032063]
X. s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 67 (Df).
X. s. Marusik, 1993b: 457, f. 2-3 (f).

mf sharlaa Marusik & Logunov, 2002....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038200]
X. s. Marusik & Logunov, 2002b: 318, f. 11-14 (Dmf).
X. s. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 253, f. 18, 26 (mf).

f shillongensis Tikader, 1962....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032064]
X. s. Tikader, 1962b: 578, f. 9 (Df).
X. s. Tikader, 1968b: 111, f. 21-22 (f).
X. s. Tikader, 1971a: 53, f. 15G-H (f).
X. s. Tikader, 1980a: 126, f. 176-177 (f).

f shyamrupus Tikader, 1966....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032065]
X. s. Tikader, 1966g: 57, f. 3a-b (Df).
X. s. Tikader, 1968b: 110, f. 35-36 (f).
X. s. Tikader, 1971a: 47, f. 13E-F (f).
X. s. Tikader, 1980a: 113, f. 157-158 (f).

mf sibiricus Kulczyn'ski, 1908....................Russia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032066]
X. s. Kulczyn'ski, 1908b: 54, pl. 2, f. 66-67 (Dm).
X. s. Schenkel, 1963: 236, f. 132 (m).
X. s. Utochkin, 1968: 20, f. 124-125 (m).
X. s. Izmailova, 1978b: 18, f. 1 (f).
X. s. Marusik, 1989a: 142, pl. 2, f. 5-8 (m, S).
X. s. Izmailova, 1989: 148, f. 145 (f).
X. s. Ono, Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 8, f. 3-4 (m).
X. s. Logunov & Marusik, 1994b: 191, f. 23-24 (mf).
X. s. Marusik & Logunov, 1996: 135, f. 24-26 (mf).

m siciliensis Wunderlich, 1995....................Sicily [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032067]
X. s. Wunderlich, 1995F: 757, f. 36-37 (Dm).

mf sicus Fox, 1937....................Russia, China, Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032068]
X. s. Fox, 1937d: 21, f. 5 (Df).
X. szetschuanensis Schenkel, 1963: 216, f. 122a-b (Df).
X. szetschuanensis Hu, 1984: 351, f. 365.1-2 (f).
X. s. Tang & Song, 1988c: 139 (S).
X. s. Chen & Gao, 1990: 177, f. 226 (f).
X. s. Song & Zhu, 1997: 105, f. 70A-B (f).
X. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 504, f. 287G (f).
X. s. Hu, 2001: 363, f. 224.1-2 (f).
X. s. Namkung, 2002: 554, f. 42.37a (f).
X. s. Namkung, 2003: 557, f. 42.37a (f).
X. s. Di & Zhu, 2008: 16, f. 1-5 (f, Dm).

mf sikkimus Tikader, 1970....................India, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032069]
X. s. Tikader, 1970: 50, f. 28a-b (Dm).
X. s. Tikader, 1971a: 47, f. 14D-E (m).
X. s. Ono, 1978b: 281, f. 58-61, 73 (Df).
X. s. Tikader, 1980a: 115, f. 159-160 (m).
X. s. Hu & Li, 1987b: 326, f. 46.1-4 (mf).
X. simplicipalpatus Hu & Li, 1987b: 324, f. 45.1-4 (mf, misidentified).
X. s. Song & Zhu, 1997: 106, f. 71A-D (mf).
X. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 504, f. 287H, L (mf).
X. s. Hu, 2001: 364, f. 225.1-4 (mf).

f silvestrii Simon, 1905....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032070]
X. s. Simon, 1905e: 11 (Df).

j simonstownensis Strand, 1909....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032071]
X. s. Strand, 1909g: 576 (Dj).

mf simplicipalpatus Ono, 1978....................Nepal, Bhutan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032072]
X. s. Ono, 1978b: 272, f. 8-32, 67-68 (Dmf).

m sinaiticus Levy, 1999....................Egypt [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032073]
X. lalandei Levy, 1976: 34, f. 61-62 (m, misidentified).
X. lalandei Levy, 1985b: 105, f. 166-167 (m, misidentified).
X. s. Levy, 1999b: 186, f. 6-7 (Dm).

mf sjostedti Schenkel, 1936....................Russia, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032074]
X. sjöstedti Schenkel, 1936b: 274, f. 92 (Dm).
X. s. Logunov & Marusik, 1994b: 192, f. 12-15, 18 (m, Df).

mf slovacus Svaton, Pekár & Prídavka, 2000....................Slovakia, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037376]
X. söderbomi Pakhorukov & Utochkin, 1977a: 92, f. 4 (f, misidentified).
X. ukrainicus Esyunin & Efimik, 1995: 87, f. 12-15 (16-19 in legend) (mf, misidentified).
X. s. Svaton, Pekár & Prídavka, 2000: 158, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

f soderbomi Schenkel, 1936....................Mongolia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032075]
X. söderbomi Schenkel, 1936b: 271, f. 90 (Df).
X. s. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 163, f. 65-67 (f).

mf soldatovi Utochkin, 1968....................Russia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032076]
X. s. Utochkin, 1968: 31, f. 56-60 (Dmf).
X. obtusfurcus Tang & Song, 1988a: 251, f. 21-24 (Dmf).
X. s. Logunov & Marusik, 1994b: 194 (S).
X. obtusfurcus Song & Zhu, 1997: 98, f. 64A-E (mf).
X. obtusfurcus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 503, f. 276E, 287A, I (mf).

mf spasskyi Utochkin, 1968....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032077]
X. s. Utochkin, 1968: 35, f. 79-80 (Df).
X. umbrinus Utochkin, 1968: 25, f. 27-29 (Dm).
X. s. Ovtsharenko, 1979: 40, f. 21 (Sm).
X. umbrinus Mcheidze, 1997: 157, f. 264-266 (m).

f sphericus (Walckenaer, 1837)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032078]
Thomisus s. Walckenaer, 1837: 501 (Df).
X. s. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 169, f. 48 (f).

m spiethi Gertsch, 1953....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032079]
X. s. Gertsch, 1953: 437, f. 23 (Dm).

mf squalidus Simon, 1883....................Canary Is., Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032080]
X. s. Simon, 1883: 286 (Df).
X. challengeri Denis, 1941a: 118, f. 7 (Df).
Proxysticus oromii Schmidt, 1975d: 511, f. 6 (Df).
X. oromii Brignoli, 1983c: 625.
Psammitis s. Wunderlich, 1987a: 254, f. 664-665 (Dm, S).
Proxysticus s. Wunderlich, 1992a: 501, f. 806-808 (mf).
Psammitis s. Wunderlich, 1995b: 428, f. 55 (f).

f strandi Kolosváry, 1934....................Hungary [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032081]
X. s. Kolosváry, 1934b: 15, f. 8 (Df).

mf striatipes L. Koch, 1870....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032082]
X. s. L. Koch, 1870: 31 (Dmf).
X. perogaster Thorell, 1872a: 249 (Dmf).
Spiracme striata Menge, 1876: 447, pl. 74, f. 253 (Dmf).
X. s. Becker, 1882b: 183, pl. 17, f. 4 (mf).
X. s. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 95, pl. 3, f. 28 (mf).
X. s. Bösenberg, 1902: 342, pl. 32, f. 504 (mf).
X. s. Spassky, 1925: 43, f. 20 (m).
X. s. Pereleschina, 1928: 36, f. 4 (f).
X. s. Simon, 1932: 831, 878, f. 1249, 1255 (mf).
X. s. Buchar, 1961: 90, f. 2A (f).
X. s. Utochkin, 1968: 18, f. 99-101 (mf).
X. s. Azheganova, 1968: 122, f. 246, 284 (mf).
X. s. Tyschchenko, 1971: 123, f. 290, 292 (mf).
X. s. Miller, 1971: 120, pl. XV, f. 21, pl. XVI, f. 2 (mf).
X. s. Song, 1980: 193, f. 107a-e (mf).
X. s. Hu, 1984: 350, f. 364.1-5 (mf).
X. s. Zhu et al., 1985: 197, f. 179a-e (mf).
X. s. Song, 1987: 285, f. 242 (mf).
X. s. Zhang, 1987: 176, f. 205.1-4 (mf).
X. s. Hu & Wu, 1989: 354, f. 279.1-4 (mf).
X. s. Izmailova, 1989: 149, f. 147 (f).
X. s. Chen & Gao, 1990: 177, f. 227a-b (mf).
X. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 480, f. 1264 (mf).
X. s. Zhao, 1993: 386, f. 192a-c (mf).
X. s. Mcheidze, 1997: 162, f. 296-298 (mf).
X. s. Song & Zhu, 1997: 197, f. 72A-D (mf).
X. s. Roberts, 1998: 174, f. (mf).
X. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 504, f. 287M, 288A (mf).
X. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 419, f. 278A-D (mf).
X. s. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 470, f. 340A-D (mf).

mf subjugalis Strand, 1906....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032083]
X. s. Strand, 1906b: 626 (Dmf).

m subjugalis nigerrimus Caporiacco, 1941....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032084]
X. s. n. Caporiacco, 1941b: 129, f. 52 (Dm).

f tampa Gertsch, 1953....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032085]
X. t. Gertsch, 1953: 432, f. 3 (Df).

mf tarcos L. Koch, 1875....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032086]
X. t. L. Koch, 1875b: 67, pl. 6, f. 6 (Dm).

m taukumkurt Marusik & Logunov, 1990....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032087]
X. t. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 39, f. 20-21 (Dm).

mf tenebrosus Silhavy, 1944....................East Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032088]
X. t. Silhavy, 1944: 93, f. 2 (Dm).
Psammitis t. Wunderlich, 1995F: 762, f. 43-44 (m, Df).
X. t. Deltshev, Lazarov & Blagoev, 2004: 194, f. 8-11 (mf).

m tenebrosus ohridensis Silhavy, 1944....................Macedonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032089]
X. t. o. Silhavy, 1944: 94 (Dm).

m tenuiapicalis Demir, 2012....................Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045239]
X. t. Demir, 2012: 359, f. 1-2 (Dm).

mf texanus Banks, 1904....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032090]
X. t. Banks, 1904a: 112 (Df).
X. t. Gertsch, 1934b: 13, f. 8 (Dm).
X. t. Gertsch, 1939b: 375, f. 186-187, 193 (mf).
X. t. Breene et al., 1993: 80, f. 85A-B (mf).

mf thessalicoides Wunderlich, 1995....................Greece, Crete, Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032091]
X. t. Wunderlich, 1995F: 753, f. 8-19 (Dmf).

mf thessalicus Simon, 1916....................Balkans, Greece, Turkey, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032092]
X. graecus C. L. Koch, 1845: 68, f. 1002 (m, misidentified).
X. t. Simon, 1916a: 275 (Dm).
X. sislii Karol, 1966b: 7, f. 1 (Df).
X. turcicus Karol, 1966e: 27, f. 1-3 (Dm).
X. pelini Karol, 1968: 908, f. 1-2 (Df).
X. t. Wunderlich, 1995F: 752, f. 1-7 (m, Sf).
X. t. Azarkina & Logunov, 2001: 148, f. 18-19 (f).

f tikaderi Bhandari & Gajbe, 2001....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040766]
X. t. Bhandari & Gajbe, 2001b: 84, f. 8-10 (Df).
X. t. Gajbe, 2004a: 131, f. 175-177 (f).

f toltecus Gertsch, 1953....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032093]
X. t. Gertsch, 1953: 439, f. 4 (Df).

f torsivoides Song & Zhu, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032094]
X. gallicus Hu & Wu, 1989: 346, f. 275.3-4 (f, misidentified).
X. t. Song & Zhu, 1995: 119, f. 5A-B (Df).
X. t. Song & Zhu, 1997: 107, f. 73A-B (f).
X. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 504, f. 288B (f).

mf torsivus Tang & Song, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032095]
X. t. Tang & Song, 1988a: 253, f. 28-32 (Dmf).
X. t. Song & Zhu, 1997: 109, f. 74A-E (mf).
X. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 504, f. 287N, 288C (f).
X. t. Hu, 2001: 365, f. 226.1-5 (mf).

mf tortuosus Simon, 1932....................Portugal to Austria, Morocco, Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032096]
X. ulmi Simon, 1875a: 167, pl. 7, f. 8 (mf, in part, misidentified).
X. t. Simon, 1932: 820, 826, 878, f. 1224, 1238 (Dmf).
X. t. Wunderlich, 1995F: 755, f. 25-27 (mf).
X. t. Pesarini, 2000: 390, f. 33-34 (mf).

mf transversomaculatus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032097]
X. t. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 263, pl. 13, f. 305 (Df).
X. t. Ono, 1988c: 105, f. 96-98 (f).
X. t. Ono, 1995b: 76, f. 12-14 (Dm).
X. t. Ono, 2009a: 515, f. 165-169 (mf).

mf triangulosus Emerton, 1894....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032098]
X. t. Emerton, 1894: 416, pl. 4, f. 4 (Dmf).
X. t. Gertsch, 1939b: 397, f. 240-241, 261 (mf).
X. nicholsi Gertsch, 1939b: 399, f. 266 (Df).
X. t. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1261, f. 79, 82, 156, 159, 177 (mf, S).
X. t. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 232, f. 702-706 (mf).
X. t. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 236, f. 2670-2673 (mf).

mf triguttatus Keyserling, 1880....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032099]
X. t. Keyserling, 1880: 12, pl. 1, f. 3, 6 (Dmf).
X. feroculus Keyserling, 1881c: 305, pl. 11, f. 24 (Df).
X. feroculus Banks, 1892a: 52, pl. 3, f. 3 (f).
X. t. Emerton, 1892: 363, pl. 29, f. 1 (mf).
X. t. Emerton, 1902: 33, f. 95-97 (mf).
X. t. Comstock, 1912: 538, f. 606-607.
X. t. Peelle & Saito, 1933: 113, f. 3 (f).
X. t. Gertsch, 1939b: 362, f. 169, 178-179 (mf).
X. t. Chickering, 1940a: 216, f. 49-51 (mf).
X. t. Muma, 1943: 112, pl. XIV, f. 19 (f).
X. t. Kaston, 1948: 423, f. 1540-1541, 2009 (mf).
X. t. Saito, 1959: 131, f. 172a-d (f, misidentified).
X. t. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1243, f. 20, 23, 102, 105 (mf).
X. t. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 190, f. 575-578 (mf).
X. t. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 236, f. 2674-2677 (mf).

mf tristrami (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Saudi Arabia to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032100]
Thomisus t. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 304, pl. 14, f. 16 (Dmf).
X. t. Simon, 1889l: 380.
X. t. Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 32, pl. 1, f. 31, 34-35 (mf).
X. t. Roewer, 1962a: 17, f. 93-95 (mf).
X. t. Levy, 1976: 7, f. 9-12 (mf).
X. t. Levy, 1985b: 79, f. 114-117 (mf).
Psammitis t. Wunderlich, 1987a: 255, f. 663 (Tmf, rejected).
X. lalandei Utochkin, 1989: 15 (S, not accepted here because of genitalic differences figured by Levy, 1985b).
X. t. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1989c: 27, f. 6a-b (mf).
X. t. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 159, f. 52-54 (mf).
Psammitis t. Wunderlich, 1995F: 761, f. 58, 61-62 (mf).
X. t. Levy, 1999b: 186, f. 11-13, 15 (m).

mf trizonatus Ono, 1988....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032101]
X. t. Ono, 1988c: 111, f. 105-111 (Dmf).
X. t. Chikuni, 1989b: 145, f. 29 (f).
X. t. Ono, 2009a: 515, f. 180-184 (mf).

mf tsanghoensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038201]
X. t. Hu, 2001: 368, f. 229.1-4 (Dmf).

f tugelanus Lawrence, 1942....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032102]
X. t. Lawrence, 1942: 162, f. 15 (Df).

mf turkmenicus Marusik & Logunov, 1995....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032103]
X. t. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 148, f. 30-33 (Dmf).

mf turlan Marusik & Logunov, 1990....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032104]
X. t. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 38, f. 18-19 (Dm).
X. t. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 160, f. 55-56 (Df).

mf tyshchenkoi Marusik & Logunov, 1995....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032105]
X. sabulosus Utochkin, 1968: 19, f. 110-112 (mf, misidentified).
X. t. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 150, f. 34-39 (Dmf).

mf ukrainicus Utochkin, 1968....................Russia, Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032106]
X. u. Utochkin, 1968: 32, f. 69-71 (Dm).
X. u. Ovtsharenko, 1979: 45, f. 3, 18-19 (m, Df).
X. u. Mcheidze, 1997: 159, f. 278-280 (m).

mf ulkan Marusik & Logunov, 1990....................Russia, Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032107]
X. u. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 40, f. 22-23 (Dm).
X. u. Esyunin, Tuneva & Farzalieva, 2007: 60, f. 26-27 (Df).

mf ulmi (Hahn, 1831)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032108]
Thomisus u. Hahn, 1831b: 1, pl. 21, f. A (Df).
Thomisus u. Hahn, 1832: 38, f. 30 (Dm).
X. u. C. L. Koch, 1850: 39.
Thomisus bivittatus Westring, 1861: 417 (Dm).
Thomisus westwoodii O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 403, pl. 54, f. 7 (Dm).
X. u. Thorell, 1872a: 246.
X. u. Simon, 1875a: 167, pl. 7, f. 7-8 (mf, in part).
X. bivittatus Menge, 1876: 439, pl. 73, f. 247 (m, Df).
X. u. Menge, 1876: 445, pl. 74, f. 252 (mf).
X. u. Becker, 1882b: 170, pl. 16, f. 1 (mf).
X. u. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 93, pl. 3, f. 27 (mf).
X. u. Bösenberg, 1902: 343, pl. 32, f. 505 (mf).
X. u. Fedotov, 1912a: 95, f. 38 (m).
X. u. Pereleschina, 1928: 35, f. 3 (f).
X. u. Simon, 1932: 820, 878, f. 1223, 1228 (mf).
X. u. Tullgren, 1944: 93, f. 36a, pl. 12, f. 175-177 (mf).
X. u. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 181, f. 91D, 92B (mf).
X. u. Zhu & Wang, 1963c: 486, f. 35 (f).
X. u. Utochkin, 1968: 11, f. 61-65 (mf).
X. u. Azheganova, 1968: 123, f. 267-268, 285 (mf).
X. u. Vilbaste, 1969: 58, f. 29C-D, 49A-B, 50A-B (mf).
X. u. Tyschchenko, 1971: 120, f. 284, 297 (mf).
X. u. Miller, 1971: 119, pl. XV, f. 20, pl. XVI, f. 4 (mf).
X. u. Braendegaard, 1972: 72, f. 38-39 (mf).
X. u. Hu, 1984: 351, f. 341.2 (f).
X. u. Roberts, 1985: 102, f. 40a (mf).
X. u. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 480, f. 1262 (mf).
X. u. Roberts, 1995: 161, f. (mf).
X. u. Mcheidze, 1997: 158, f. 270-274 (mf).
X. u. Song & Zhu, 1997: 110, f. 75A-D (mf).
X. u. Roberts, 1998: 169, f. (mf).
X. u. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 504, f. 287O, 288D (mf).
X. u. Marusik, Ovchinnikov & Koponen, 2006: 362, f. 3-4, 11-15, 18-19, 22-23 (mf).
X. u. Almquist, 2006: 517, f. 436a-f (mf).

mf urbensis Lawrence, 1952....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032109]
X. u. Lawrence, 1952a: 201, f. 31-32 (Dmf).

m urgumchak Marusik & Logunov, 1990....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032110]
X. u. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 41, f. 24-26 (Dm; f=X. mongolicus).

mf vachoni Schenkel, 1963....................Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032111]
X. v. Schenkel, 1963: 235, f. 131 (Df).
X. jacuticus Utochkin, 1968: 40, f. 126-129 (Dmf).
X. jacuticus Ono, 1988c: 81, f. 62-64 (m).
X. jacuticus Izmailova, 1989: 143, f. 136 (f).
X. v. Marusik, 1989a: 143 (S).
X. v. Ono, 2009a: 511, f. 138-141 (mf).

mf variabilis Keyserling, 1880....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032112]
X. v. Keyserling, 1880: 40, pl. 1, f. 19 (Df).
X. v. Banks, 1913: 179, pl. 11, f. 6 (f).
X. v. Bryant, 1933a: 180, pl. 2, f. 11, pl. 3, f. 31 (f, Dm).
X. v. Gertsch, 1934b: 13, f. 5 (m).
X. v. Gertsch, 1939b: 366, f. 171, 200-201 (mf).

m verecundus Gertsch, 1934....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032113]
X. v. Gertsch, 1934b, 2, f. 1 (Dm, not f).
X. v. Gertsch, 1953: 454, f. 57 (m).

mf verneaui Simon, 1883....................Canary Is., Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032114]
X. v. Simon, 1883: 287, pl. 8, f. 13 (Df).
X. maderianus Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 407, pl. 8, f. 80-81, 87 (Dmf).
X. sebastianus Strand, 1911a: 193 (Df).
X. lucasi Schmidt, 1968: 415, f. 12-14 (Dmf).
Psammitis sebastianus Wunderlich, 1987a: 254 (Tf, rejected).
X. v. Wunderlich, 1992a: 502, f. 808a-e (f, Sm).
X. v. Wunderlich, 1995F: 755, f. 28-33 (mf).

mf viduus Kulczyn'ski, 1898....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032115]
X. v. Kulczyn'ski, 1898: 93, pl. 2, f. 71 (Df).
X. v. Bösenberg, 1902: 351, pl. 33, f. 519 (f).
X. v. Azheganova, 1951: 154, f. 11, 16 (m).
X. v. Utochkin, 1968: 9, f. 30-33 (mf).
X. v. Azheganova, 1968: 123, f. 269, 271 (mf).
X. v. Tyschchenko, 1971: 118, f. 280 (m).
X. v. Miller & Zitnanská, 1976a: 84, pl. III, f. 1-5 (mf).
X. v. Thaler & Knoflach, 1995b: 146, f. 4-5, 7, 9, 14, 17 (mf).
X. v. Logunov & Marusik, 1998: 106, f. 1-2, 7-8 (mf).
X. v. Pajunen, 2006: 30, f. 1-3 (mf).

m viveki Gajbe, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040767]
X. v. Gajbe, 2005c: 74, f. 19-20 (Dm).

m wagneri Gertsch, 1953....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032116]
X. w. Gertsch, 1953: 425, f. 21-22 (Dm).

f walesianus Karsch, 1878....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032117]
X. w. Karsch, 1878c: 811 (Df).

mf winnipegensis Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965....................Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032118]
X. w. Turnbull, Dondale & Redner, 1965: 1262, f. 78, 81 (Dm).
X. w. Dondale & Redner, 1978b: 235, f. 709-710 (m).
X. w. Redner & Dondale, 1980: 933, f. 1, 3 (Df).
X. w. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 236, f. 2679-2681 (mf).

m wuae Song & Zhu, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032119]
X. ninnii Hu & Wu, 1989: 348, f. 277.1-2 (m, misidentified).
X. w. Song & Zhu, 1995: 120, f. 6A-B (Dm).
X. w. Song & Zhu, 1997: 111, f. 76A-B (m).
X. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 504, f. 287P (m).

mf wunderlichi Logunov, Marusik & Trilikauskas, 2001....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038202]
X. w. Logunov, Marusik & Trilikauskas, 2001: 36, f. 1-2, 5-7 (Dmf).

mf xerodermus Strand, 1913....................Turkey, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032120]
X. x. Strand, 1913f: 153 (Df).
X. x. Levy, 1976: 27, f. 49-52 (f, Dm).
X. x. Levy, 1985b: 99, f. 154-157 (mf).
X. x. Logunov & Demir, 2006: 44, f. 8-10 (f).

f xiningensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038203]
X. x. Hu, 2001: 366, f. 227.1-3 (Df).

mf xizangensis Tang & Song, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032121]
X. x. Tang & Song, 1988a: 255, f. 33-37 (Dmf).
X. x. Song & Zhu, 1997: 112, f. 77A-E (mf).
X. x. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 504, f. 288E-F (mf).
X. x. Hu, 2001: 367, f. 228.1-5 (mf).

mf xysticiformis (Caporiacco, 1935)....................Central Asia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032122]
Oxyptila x. Caporiacco, 1935b: 188, pl. 4, f. 8 (Dmf).
X. furcillifer Schenkel, 1936b: 140, f. 49 (Df).
X. x. Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 50 (Tmf from Ozyptila).
X. x. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 161, f. 57-60 (mf, S).
X. x. Marusik, Fritzén & Song, 2007: 275, f. 21-24, 53-55 (mf).

f yogeshi Gajbe, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040768]
X. y. Gajbe, 2005c: 76, f. 21-23 (Df).

mf zonshteini Marusik, 1989....................Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:032123]
X. z. Marusik, 1989a: 141, pl. 2, f. 1-4 (Dm).
X. z. Marusik & Logunov, 1995a: 162, f. 61-62 (Df).