The World Spider Catalog, V15 by N. I. Platnick (c) 2000 - 2014 AMNH

Family: MITURGIDAE

Gen. Zora C. L. Koch, 1847 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:02511]

N.B.: transferred from the Ctenidae to the Zoridae by Lehtinen, 1967: 276.

Transferred to other genera:
Z. affinis Drensky, 1936 -- see Clubiona under Clubionidae.
Z. inornata L. Koch, 1882 -- see Liocranum under Liocranidae.

In synonymy:
Z. jaffana Strand, 1915 = Z. manicata Simon, 1878 (Levy, 2003: 15).
Z. nigrimana Schenkel, 1927 = Z. alpina Kulczyn'ski, 1915 (Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 454).

Nomen dubium:
Z. maculosa Roewer, 1951: 447 (replacement name for Hecaerge maculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 257, preoccupied by Blackwall, 1832, j, Lebanon, Israel) -- Levy, 2003: 13.

mf acuminata Zhu & Zhang, 2006....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040161]
Z. a. Zhu & Zhang, 2006: 48, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

f alpina Kulczyn'ski, 1915....................Switzerland, Italy [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028545]
Z. a. Kulczyn'ski, 1915: 935 (Df).
Z. nigrimana Schenkel, 1927b: 255, f. 15 (Df).
Z. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 454, f. 1194 (f, S).

mf armillata Simon, 1878....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028546]
Z. a. Simon, 1878a: 320 (Dm).
Z. letifera Falconer, 1912: 317, f. 1-4 (Dm).
Z. a. Simon, 1932: 933, 968, f. 1324 (m).
Z. a. Tullgren, 1946: 72, pl. 12, f. 146-148 (m, Df).
Z. a. Millidge & Locket, 1955: 163, f. 1C, 2D (mf).
Z. a. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 20, f. 9D, 10D (mf).
Z. a. Roberts, 1985: 94, f. 37b (mf).
Z. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 456, f. 1200 (mf).
Z. a. Roberts, 1995: 145, f. (mf).
Z. a. Roberts, 1998: 154, f. (mf).
Z. a. Urones, 2005: 10, f. 2-4 (f).
Z. a. Almquist, 2006: 443, f. 383a-e (mf).

mf distincta Kulczyn'ski, 1915....................Eastern Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028547]
Z. d. Kulczyn'ski, 1915: 937 (Dmf).
Z. d. Miller, 1947: 89, pl. XIII, f. 14-15 (m).
Z. d. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 456, f. 1197 (mf).

mf hespera Corey & Mott, 1991....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028548]
Z. h. Corey & Mott, 1991: 60, f. 8-14 (Dmf).
Z. h. Bennett & Brumwell, 1996: 106, f. 1-4 (mf).

mf lyriformis Song, Zhu & Gao, 1993....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028551]
Z. l. Song, Zhu & Gao, 1993: 87, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
Z. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 465, f. 267K, O (mf).
Z. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 367, f. 240A-F (mf).
Z. l. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 413, f. 295A-D (mf).

mf manicata Simon, 1878....................Europe, Ukraine, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028553]
Z. m. Simon, 1878a: 318 (Dmf).
Z. jaffana Strand, 1915c: 160 (Dm).
Z. m. Miller, 1947: 88, pl. XIV, f. 13-16 (mf).
Z. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 1192 (mf).
Z. m. Levy, 2003: 15, f. 23-31 (mf, S).
Z. m. Urones, 2005: 11, f. 1, 5-15 (mf).

mf nemoralis (Blackwall, 1861)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028554]
Hecaerge n. Blackwall, 1861b: 441 (Dmf).
Hecaerge n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1873a: 433, pl. 33, f. 1 (m).
Z. n. Menge, 1875: 401, pl. 68, f. 227 (mf).
Z. n. Becker, 1896: 308, pl. 17, f. 17 (mf).
Z. n. Bösenberg, 1902: 254, pl. 23, f. 367 (mf).
Z. n. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 5, f. 1-2 (mf).
Z. n. Simon, 1932: 932, 934, 968, f. 1421-1422, 1426 (mf).
Z. n. Holm, 1945b: 68, f. 22a-b (mf).
Z. n. Tullgren, 1946: 73, f. 22B, pl. 12, f. 149-151 (mf).
Z. n. Miller, 1947: 88, pl. XIV, f. 5-8 (mf).
Z. n. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 159, f. 80A, H (mf).
Z. n. Millidge & Locket, 1955c: 163, f. 1E-F, 2B, F (mf).
Z. n. Braendegaard, 1966: 209, f. 176-177 (mf).
Z. n. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 20, f. 9F-G, 10E (mf).
Z. n. Paik, 1978e: 406, f. 183.1-4 (mf).
Z. n. Roberts, 1985: 94, f. 37c (mf).
Z. n. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 456, f. 1198 (mf).
Z. n. Song, Zhu & Gao, 1993: 89, f. 10-13 (m).
Z. n. Roberts, 1995: 145, f. (mf).
Z. n. Roberts, 1998: 154, f. (mf).
Z. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 465, f. 267P-Q (m).
Z. n. Namkung, 2002: 493, f. 38.1a-b (mf).
Z. n. Namkung, 2003: 496, f. 38.1a-b (mf).
Z. n. Lee et al., 2004: 99, unnumbered f. (f).
Z. n. Urones, 2005: 13, f. 16-21 (m).
Z. n. Almquist, 2006: 444, f. 383a-e (mf).
Z. n. Ono, 2009a: 469, f. 5-7 (mf).

f opiniosa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Lebanon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028556]
Hecaerge o. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 258, pl. 16, f. 43 (Df; N.B.: misplaced, per Levy, 2003: 12).

mf palmgreni Holm, 1945....................Sweden [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028555]
Z. nemoralis p. Holm, 1945b: 68, f. 22c-d (Dmf).
Z. nemoralis p. Almquist, 2006: 445, f. 384a-e (mf).
Z. p. Wunderlich, 2008h: 768 (elevated to species).

mf parallela Simon, 1878....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028557]
Z. p. Simon, 1878a: 323, pl. 16, f. 9 (Dmf).
Z. p. Tullgren, 1946: 75, pl. 12, f. 152 (f).
Z. p. Denis, 1966g: 180, f. 1-4 (mf).
Z. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 454, f. 1196 (mf).
Z. p. Pozzi & Hänggi, 1998: 38, f. 16-18 (mf).
Z. p. Roberts, 1998: 155, f. (mf).
Z. p. Urones, 2005: 13, f. 22-28 (m).
Z. p. Almquist, 2006: 445, f. 385a-e (mf).
Z. p. Crespo, 2008: 406, f. 7A-B (m).

mf pardalis Simon, 1878....................Europe to Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028558]
Z. p. Simon, 1878a: 322 (Dmf).
Z. p. Bösenberg, 1902: 254, pl. 24, f. 368 (mf).
Z. p. Denis, 1933a: 584, f. 4 (m).
Z. p. Miller, 1947: 89, pl. XIV, f. 17 (m).
Z. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 454, f. 1195 (f).
Z. p. Roberts, 1998: 155, f. (mf).
Z. p. Urones, 2005: 14, f. 29-35 (mf).

f prespaensis Drensky, 1929....................Macedonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028559]
Z. p. Drensky, 1929: 19, 65, pl. 2, f. 1-2 (Df).
Z. p. Deltshev, 2003: 147, f. 30-32 (f).

mf pumila (Hentz, 1850)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028560]
Katadysas pumilus Hentz, 1850: 287, pl. 10, f. 16 (Df).
Z. p. Simon, 1897a: 135.
Z. spinimana Emerton, 1911: 403, pl. 5, f. 5 (f, misidentified).
Z. p. Comstock, 1912: 573, f. 651.
Z. p. Kaston, 1948: 385, f. 1379-1382 (f, Dm).
Z. p. Corey & Mott, 1991: 57, f. 1-7 (mf).

mf silvestris Kulczyn'ski, 1897....................Europe to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028561]
Z. s. Kulczyn'ski, in Chyser & Kulczyn'ski, 1897: 250, pl. 10, f. 13 (Dmf).
Z. s. Palmgren, 1943: 76, f.
Z. s. Tullgren, 1946: 76, f. 22C, pl. 12, f. 153 (f).
Z. s. Miller, 1947: 88, pl. XIV, f. 9-12 (mf).
Z. s. Millidge & Locket, 1955: 161, f. 1A-B, 2A, G (mf).
Z. s. Cooke, 1963: 155, f. 1, 9 (mf).
Z. s. Braendegaard, 1966: 211, f. 178 (f).
Z. s. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 17, f. 9B-C, 10A-B (mf).
Z. s. Thaler, 1982c: 403, f. 18-22 (mf).
Z. s. Roberts, 1985: 94, f. 37d (mf).
Z. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 454, f. 1193 (mf).
Z. s. Roberts, 1995: 146, f. (mf).
Z. s. Roberts, 1998: 154, f. (mf).
Z. s. Almquist, 2006: 446, f. 386a-g (mf).

mf spinimana (Sundevall, 1833) *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:028562]
Lycaena s. Sundevall, 1833a: 266 (Df).
Hecaerge maculata Blackwall, 1832: 193 (Dmf).
Lycodia s. Sundevall, 1833b: 22.
Hecaerge maculata Blackwall, 1834b: 413, pl. 3, f. 8 (mf).
Dolomedes spinimanus C. L. Koch, 1835: 128, pl. 23-24.
Dolomedes lycaena Walckenaer, 1837: 348 (Dmf).
Z. s. C. L. Koch, 1847: 102, f. 1343-1344 (f, Dm).
Psilothra s. Gistel, 1848: 9 (replacement name for Hecaerge, preoccupied).
Hecaerge s. Blackwall, 1861a: 41, pl. 3, f. 21 (mf).
Z. lycaena Thorell, 1870b: 140.
Z. maculata Menge, 1875: 400, pl. 68, f. 226 (mf).
Z. maculata Hansen, 1882: 51, pl. 3, f. 10 (mf).
Z. s. Becker, 1896: 306, pl. 17, f. 15 (mf).
Z. s. Simon, 1897a: 135, f. 134-140 (mf).
Z. maculata Bösenberg, 1902: 254, pl. 23, f. 366 (mf).
Z. s. Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 5, f. 3-5 (mf).
Z. s. Simon, 1932: 933, 968, f. 1423, 1425 (mf).
Z. s. Palmgren, 1943: 73, f.
Z. s. Tullgren, 1946: 71, f. 21, 22A, pl. 11, f. 142-145 (mf).
Z. s. Miller, 1947: 87, pl. XIV, f. 1-4 (mf).
Z. s. Locket & Millidge, 1951: 156, f. 4B, 79C, 80B, D, F (mf).
Z. s. Millidge & Locket, 1955: 163, f. 1D, 2C, E (mf).
Z. s. Braendegaard, 1966: 207, f. 173-175 (mf).
Z. s. Yaginuma, 1973c: 250, f. 1 (m).
Z. s. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 20, f. 9E, 10C (mf).
Z. s. Roberts, 1985: 94, f. 37a (mf).
Z. s. Barrientos & Urones, 1985: 356, f. 3c-d (m).
Z. s. Yaginuma, 1986a: 195, f. 109.2 (m).
Z. s. Chikuni, 1989b: 132, f. 1 (m).
Z. s. Hu & Wu, 1989: 308, f. 247.1-2 (m).
Z. s. Izmailova, 1989: 46, f. 34 (f).
Z. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 456, f. 1199 (mf).
Z. s. Song, Zhu & Gao, 1993: 88, f. 7-9 (f).
Z. s. Roberts, 1995: 144, f. (mf).
Z. s. Roberts, 1998: 153, f. (mf).
Z. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 466, f. 267L (f).
Z. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 368, f. 241A-C (f).
Z. s. Urones, 2005: 16, f. 36-45 (mf).
Z. s. Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2006: 270, f. 112a-e (mf).
Z. s. Almquist, 2006: 447, f. 387a-i (mf).
Z. s. Bayram et al., 2009b: 145, f. 2A-B, 3-4 (mf).
Z. s. Ono, 2009a: 469, f. 1-4 (mf).
Z. s. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 265, f. 40.2, 4-8 (mf).
Z. s. Ramírez, 2014: 212, f. 140B, 146D, 175D (mf).